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National Development Strategies

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Presentation on theme: "National Development Strategies"— Presentation transcript:

1 National Development Strategies
UNDP RBA Workshop on MDG-Based National Development Strategies Module 1: MDG-Based Planning UN Millennium Project February 27-March 3, 2006

2 Agenda The MDGs can be met in Africa
What is needed to achieve the Goals Integrating the MDGs into national development strategies

3 The MDGs are Shared Goals…
International agreements (such as Monterrey) provide the right framework for the MDGs Low income countries need increased ODA to meet Goals Countries are responsible for good governance Private flows important but only partial substitute Market access critical for long-term economic growth All countries reaffirmed their commitment to the MDGs at the World Summit 2005 The MDGs can be met within existing commitments by rich and poor countries

4 … That Remain to be Operationalized
Currently the MDGs are aspirations, not operational targets: Countries do not plan systematically to achieve the MDGs Aid is not provided based on countries’ needs The international development system is not goal oriented

5 Africa’s Special Needs: Look Beyond the Standard Diagnosis of Poor Governance
Africa faces unique structural constraints, e.g.: High disease burden Dependence on low-productivity rain-fed agriculture Poor transport infrastructure Few navigable rivers Small internal market size Low population density Population living far from the coast Governance alone does not explain low growth in Africa Each of these constraints can be overcome through targeted public investments Trade plays a complementary role for long-term economic development

6 The Economic Consequences of Africa’s Special Needs
Poverty traps result from combination of three factors: High minimum capital threshold Low savings rates High population growth (“capital widening”) Poverty Trap k k’ time k k’ (capital per person) time Above the Threshold time

7 Achieving the MDGs is Possible
Countries can end poverty trap through combination of: Broad-based public investments at scale in health, education, agriculture, infrastructure, and environmental management Sound policies and governance including good economic management Improved access to international trade There is no “magic bullet” – each input is necessary

8 The MDGs are Affordable
Typical low-income country needs: $110 p.c. per year through to 2015 To meet the MDGs, low income countries will need more aid and debt relief, despite increased domestic resource mobilization Macroeconomic stability can be maintained if aid is predictable, grants-based and targeted to investments At the global level MDGs are affordable within existing commitment of 0.7% target

9 Existing Commitments are Sufficient and Must Now be Implemented
Unprecedented technical consensus on what is needed to achieve MDGs (HDR 2005, GMR 2005, Africa Commission, Millennium Project) 24 May 2005 agreement of EU-15 to reach 0.7 by 2015 G8 decisions to double aid to Africa, cancel debt, support AIDS treatment World Summit call for MDG based development strategies by 2006 Implementation: Integrate MDGs into national development strategies Map out the practical investments needed to achieve the Goals

10 Agenda The MDGs can be met in Africa
What is needed to achieve the Goals Integrating the MDGs into national development strategies

11 Meeting the MDGs Requires Growth and Investment
Growth is necessary, but not sufficient for MDGs Some MDGs require direct investments regardless of economic growth (e.g. maternal mortality, environmental sustainability) Reaching the poor & reducing inequality requires direct investments in people, infrastructure & environment Public investments in MDGs are critical for growth Private sector led growth requires minimum standards in health, education, infrastructure, etc. Direct investments must complement good economic policies

12 Integrated Investment Strategies to Meet the MDGs
All necessary inputs need to be covered Investment strategies need to be integrated and outcome-focused The UN Millennium Project proposes 7 investment clusters for the MDGs: Rural development Urban development Health systems, including HIV/AIDS Education Gender equality Environment Science, technology and innovation Cross-national infrastructure

13 MDG Investments Can Build Absorptive Capacity
Capacity development comprises long-term investment strategies in Human resources Pre-service training In-service training Review of salaries and benefits Infrastructure Capital costs Operating expenditures Public management systems Civil service reform Equipment IT services

14 Agenda The MDGs can be met in Africa
What is needed to achieve the Goals Integrating the MDGs into national development strategies

15 Principles of Development Strategies that are MDG-based
Typical strategy today MDG-based development strategy MDG target Level of MDG progress ? MDG MDG Base Year Target Deadline MDG MDG Base Year Target Deadline YEAR YEAR

16 The Operational Framework for Achieving the MDGs
Countries align national development strategies with the MDGs, including integrated investment strategies across sectors The international community supports these strategies with adequate development assistance As requested by governments, UN system provides technical support in strategy design and implementation

17 Aligning National Strategies with a Goals-based Approach
How can the MDGs be translated into operational targets? How can sector strategies based on the MDGs be integrated into the PRSP/national development strategy? How would the MTEF and annual budgeting processes need to change to reflect the country’s commitment to the MDGs? How can the UN Country Team align its technical work with supporting governments in preparing and implementing MDG strategies?

18 Five Core Features of an MDG-based Strategy
Ambition: National targets are at least as ambitious as MDG targets for 2015 Scope: The range of sectors identified is broad enough to achieve all the MDGs Rigor: For each sector, the strategy is based on a detailed, bottom-up needs assessment Timeline: The medium term strategy is nested in a 10-year MDG framework Financing: Financing strategy is determined in line with each country’s needs

19 Five Key Messages for This Workshop
Countries in sub-Saharan Africa are caught in poverty trap The MDGs provide an operational framework for ending the poverty trap & empower African countries to ask the new question In the short term countries need more & better aid to end aid dependency Achieving the MDGs & ending the poverty trap requires detailed quantitative analysis The UN system is uniquely placed to support countries technically, but needs to build up the required technical expertise

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