Qin Dynasty collapses and after a few years of fighting, an Army Led by Liu Bang wins control The Han Ruled for 400 Years
Liu Bang Was Peasant who became Emperor He earned the loyalty and trust of his people.
1. He wanted people free from harsh government policies. 2. Lowered taxes for Farmers. 3. Gave large blocks of land for his supporters. 4. Made punishments less severe. 5. He set up his government built on the base of Highly educated people can become officials and help him rule.
#1. The Qin Dynasty collapsed and the __________________ Dynasty took over. #2. The Armies were led by _______________. #3. He wanted to free people from the Harsh government of the Qin that was led by this political Philosophy ____________________ HAN LIU BANG LEGALISM
Wudi wanted a strong central Government Took land from the lords, raised taxes, placed grain supply under government control
If people could pass a test on Confucian Teachings, he could get a good position in government
#4. ________________ was the 6 th emperor of the Han Dynasty. #5. Wudi took land from the lords and placed ________________ supply under ________________ control. #6. People could get jobs in government if they passed a test on __________________. WUDI THE GRAIN GOVERNMENT CONFUCIANISM
Upper class – the Emperor, his court, scholars who hold government positions. Second class – the largest – the peasant Artisan class – produce items for everyday life Merchants – lowest class – because they produce nothing they only buy and sell what others make Military – is not a class – but joining the army allows people to rise in social status
The upper class – lived in a Palace – The emperor and His court
#7. Once again _____________ became an important part of Chinese culture. #8. The Han people follow _______________ teachings about the family. #9. The Family should respect the ______________. #10. Disobedience is a ______________. FAMILY CONFUCIUS FATHER CRIME
Respect for elders – some found government jobs based on the respect the show their parents Children were encouraged to serve their and honor them even after death. Boys are valued higher than Girls because sons carried the family line Girls would join the husband’s family An older widow could be the matriarch of the family
His writing are saved modern text The Book is called the Shiji
1 great invention – PAPER – they grinded mulberry bark and hemp into a paste and then dried them into sheets made books and scrolls
The Sundial and the Seismograph Sundial for time Seismograph measures an Earthquake’s strength Sundial Seismograph Magnetic Compass
Is the practice of inserting fine needles through the skin at specific points to cure disease and relieve pain.
#11. _________ is the style of Han poetry. #12. Sima Qian was a Chinese ___________. #13. Sima Qian Wrote this book __________. #14. ________ is one of the most popular of all inventions from the Han. #15. What is it called when pins are placed into your skin and it will relax and even heal people? ___________________ FU HISTORIAN SHIJI PAPER ACUPUNCTURE
Han rulers moved away from legalism and based their government on Confucianism. The Emphasis is on the Family Unit and respect for elders Art and Learning thrived And for the Han, it is the largest and oldest ethnic group in China