2 How to Stop Being a Slave to the Internet Understand who uses technology and whyUnderstand what a search engine is and how it worksLearn the techniques and strategies needed to search quickly and effectivelyLearn how to evaluate your resultsBe the engine (OK, a little too Zen)
3 Searcher Categories Searchers/Users fall into 4 basic categories: Technophobes (or those intimidated by technology)—They get someone else to do it for them or avoid it all together (“I’m too old”, “It’s too hard”)Grudge Users—They only use those applications they have to use for workAcceptors—They use technology to solve problems, answer questions, or make life easierTechnophiles—They integrate technology into their daily lives, use it whenever they can, and help others with their technology needs
4 Reasons for Searching Personal Need Professional Need Response to an InquiryConfirm facts/ informationEntertainment
5 What is a Search Engine?According to the American Heritage Dictionary, a search engine is:"1. a software program that searches a database and gathers and reports information that contains or is related to specified terms, 2. a website whose primary function is providing a search engine for gathering and reporting information available on the Internet or a portion of the Internet" --http://www.bartleby.com
6 Meaning… Examples: www.yahoo.com It is a computer program that matches your search terms to WebPages or documents that are available in the Internet.Examples:
7 KeywordsAccording to the American Heritage Dictionary, a keyword is, “a descriptive word; a word used as a reference point for finding other words or information” (www.bartleby.com)They are the words that you want the search engine to look for in a web documentExamples:Roman DiningCicero AND politicsSenators OR patresJupiter NOT planetCaesar, triumvirate
8 Strategies Searching Strategies: When searching using a search engine using keywords and search terms is the easiest way to search. Here are some strategies that will help you to be successful in your searching:Use the most obvious terms for your search. For example, if you want to find facts about Roman gods, use "Roman gods" as your search terms.Try not be too general. If you want to find facts about Roman gods, don't use "Romans" as your search terms. Add "gods" to make it specific enough.If you want very specific information, try the specific terms first. If you aren't successful, try making the search terms broader. For example, if "Roman dinners" isn't successful, try "Roman dining".If you don't get the results that you want, try a different search engine or meta-search engine. They don't all search the same sites and databases.
9 Advanced TechniquesUse “” to surround phrases so that the search engine searches for those exact phrases, otherwise the engine will search for the words individuallyMost search engines have stop words like “a,an,the, and, or”. Use a + or – symbol to force the engine to include those words in your search.Play with several search engines to decide which one is best for you.
10 Last Resort Search Terms Also known as the “everything but the kitchen sink” technique:Type in all of the words you want included in your search.Hit “Search”.See what happens.You might be pleasantly surprised!
11 Targeted SearchesAdvanced searching can be a very rewarding way to pare down the number of hitsImage searching lets you search for images only rather than looking for images buried in articles or textNews searching lets you look through news articles for the information you want rather than web documents
12 Shortcuts Control+f=Find Helps you find keywords in documents Control+n=New webpageAllows you to open a new webpage without losing your workGoogle DeskbarAllows you to search and define words without leaving your current application such as WordGoogle ToolbarAllows you to search without having to open a new window
13 Beginning Your Search When you are beginning your search: Consider Precision v. RecallRecall is the amount of relevant documents out of all the possible documentsPrecision is the relevant documents in retrieved set out of all the documents in a retrieved setWhen recall is high, precision is lowWhen precision is high, recall is lowDecide which is more important for your search needDo you need a lot of information or a few highly relevant items?
14 Results When you get your results, also think about: Authority: Who wrote the site? What are their credentials? URL’s ending in .gov, .edu, .mil, .org tend to be more reliable than .com (you can even search that way on Google’s Advanced Search page Google )Currency: How up-to-date is the information? Check to see if you can tell when the last time the site was updated.Remember that ANYONE can put information on the Internet! Be careful!
15 Let’s PlayLet’s put some of these ideas to the test…
16 Are 348,000 Hits Too Many for You? That is the number of hits that you can expect for the search “Roman dining”That is a typical number of search results an average searcher can expect…or MOREBy the end of this session, you will no longer be an AVERAGE searcherWatch as this number gets smaller and smaller while our results get better and better
17 Advanced Search: Roman Dining We are going to go from 348,000 to 624 in a matter of seconds (EP)Google Advanced Search PageNow, how about 624 to 80? (Domain)I now have to look through 347,920 less pages to wade throughBut say I change my mind based on my results…
18 Refined Search: Roman Dining Now I want Roman recipes instead of information on dining using Roman recipes as my termsGoogle492,000. Hmmm. A little cumbersome.Google using “Roman recipes”1,990. Still a few too many.Google Advanced Search Page (Domain)I think I can handle 87. I now have 491,913 fewer pages to sift through.Now to really jazz it up…
19 Image Search: Roman Dining Google Image SearchUse Roman kitchen and get 669 hits.Use “Roman kitchen” and get 112 hitsGoogle Advanced Image Search and use “Roman kitchen” (Domain ) and get 3 hitsThat’s 666 less images to look at!
20 Keep in Mind…Less isn’t always more. Sometimes it’s good to browse more sites rather than less for the serendipitous findsHave fun looking at things you hadn’t considered. They might yield extra information.
21 Now What? What to do with all of this information? Consider building a website to warehouse your links and informationShare it with colleagues or your local Classical AssociationSubmit it to me and I will add it to the CAWNY site!
22 Fini Remember: Have fun. You’re not going to hurt anything if you try something newLearning how to manage the Internet takes time. Be patient. Do it while you’re watching TV.You’re already a Latin Geek; why not be a Computer Geek too?