Presentation on theme: "„Calories in food”. Presentation plan Energy needs and sample menus for specific age groups. The demands for essential nutrients. The most popular healthy."— Presentation transcript:
Daily energy requirements Children 1 – 3 years old – 1300 [kcal] Children 4 – 6 years old – 1700 [kcal] Children 7 – 9 years old - 2100 [kcal] Boys 10 – 12 years old – 2600 [kcal] Girls 10 – 12 years old – 2300 [kcal]
The demand for essential nutrients for children of 1 - 12 years old Proteins: 45 – 75g Carbohydrates: 165 – 320g Fats: 50 – 80g
Sample menu for child of 5 – 12 years old First breakfast : some corn flakes with milk, one slice of bread with butter and jam. Second breakfast: an apple, a sandwich with butter and a slice of cheese. Dinner: bowl of tomato soup with rice, some braised pork, Chinese cabbage salad, a scoop of potato, some cherries compot. Tea: fruit yoghurt. Supper: a sandwich with butter, some lettuce, two slices of turkey ham and 1 slice of tomato.
Daily energy requirements Youth Men - 13-15 years old 3000-3300 [kcal] Youth Men - 16-20 years old 3200-3700 [kcal] Youth Women - 13-15 years old 2600-2800 [kcal] Youth Women - 16-20 years old 2500-2700 [kcal]
Sample menu for a teenager First breakfast: : a sandwich with butter, cheese and a cucumber. Second breakfast : a banana, a sandwich with butter, a lean ham and some radishes. Dinner : bowl of vegetable soup, three pancakes with some strawberry jam. Tea: some vanilla pudding. Supper : a sandwich with butter and a slice of cheese.
Valuable products for children and adolescents: a banana, one piece (200 g) – 136 [kcal] some grapes – 68 [kcal] a fresh apple – 36 [kcal]
Some corn flakes, one spoon – 12 [kcal] some sweetened condensed milk, one spoon – 34 [kcal] Some yoghurt with fruit pieces – 103 [kcal] Danone yoghurt 0% fat with fruit pieces, 1 glass (250 ml) – 48 [kcal]
Daily energy requirements Men 21-64 years old light work 2400-2600 [kcal] Men 21-64 years old moderate work 2800-3200 [kcal] Men 21-64 years old hard work 3500-4000 [kcal] Men 21-59 years old light work 2100-2300 [kcal] Women 21-59 years old moderate work 2400-2800 [kcal] Women 21-59 years old hard work 2900-3200 [kcal] Pregnant women 2800 [kcal]
Sample menu for a woman First breakfast: some whole grain cereal flakes with some milk. Second breakfast: a sandwich with butter and some cheese, some coffee substitute. Dinner: broth, a potato ball, a boiled chicken leg. Tea: some fruit and yoghurt. Supper: a vegetable salad.
Sample menu for a man: First breakfast: scrambled eggs, two slices of bread, green tea. Second breakfast: a sandwich with butter, a thin slice of ham and tomato. Dinner: broth, two potato balls, cooked chicken leg. Tea: a yoghurt. Supper: a sandwich with butter, some cottage cheese and a cucumber.
Valuable products for adults : a cucumber – 8[kcal] some graham bread, one slice (50 g) – 96[kcal] a tomato (80 g) – 19[kcal] a light cottage cheese – 75[kcal]
Daily energy requirements Men 65-75 years old – 2300 [kcal] Men over 75 years old – 2100 [kcal] Women 60-75 years old– 2200 [kcal] Women over 75 years old – 2000 [kcal]
Sample menu for seniors First breakfast: some porridge. Second breakfast: a sandwich with low- sugar jam. Dinner: bowl of mushroom soup, meatballs cooked in tomato sauce. Tea: some buttermilk with a roll. Supper: a sandwich with butter and a slice of turkey ham.
The average calorific value of sweets and fast food meals French fries (100g.) 235 a Hamburger 255 a Glass of chilled drinks (average) 100 a Cream bun 437 some Sponge cakes and chocolate jelly 327 a Yeast cake with crumble 375 a Chocolate (a cube) 27 Biscuits 437 a Lollipop 18 some Ice cream (one ball of ice cream) 39 a Doughnut 247 Popcorn 360 some Salty sticks 385 some Wafers in chocolate 553
A bar of Snickers – 310 [kcal] Some sweets – 390 [kcal] Some sponge cakes and chocolate wafers – 400 [kcal]
Diseases associated with excessive consumption of unhealthy products Obesity - the accumulation of fat in the body, beyond the physiological needs and adaptability. Decay - for its development are responsible bacteria that break down sugar deposition on the surface of the teeth. During the reaction acid is formed which damage the enamel of the tooth. Atherosclerosis - was analyzed as a result of excessive amounts of fat, especially cholesterol, present in the blood.