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1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) – Yemen Outline Scale of the Crisis Humanitarian Risks Challenges Humanitarian Outreach.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen. Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) – Yemen Outline Scale of the Crisis Humanitarian Risks Challenges Humanitarian Outreach."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Humanitarian Crisis in Yemen

2 Humanitarian Country Team (HCT) – Yemen Outline Scale of the Crisis Humanitarian Risks Challenges Humanitarian Outreach Response 2

3 Scale of the Crisis 12 million people (half the total population) affected by humanitarian crisis Crisis could undermine political transition and prospects for peace and long-term development Humanitarian community working with Government to reach those affected, but could do more with additional support Needs increasing especially in the south, but funds not yet available to meet new requirements Humanitarian community targeting 6 million of the most vulnerable in 2012. 3

4 Effect on population 10 million food insecure, nearly one million children malnourished 550,000 people displaced from their homes by conflict 42 percent of population living below poverty line, youth unemployment 53 percent Health problems among children attributed to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Source : CAP 2010, CAP 2011 and CAP 2012

5 Food insecurity – per Governorate 5 35.1-50% > 50% 20.1-35% < 20% No data

6 Humanitarian Risks Nearly one million children under 5 malnourished. 267,000 severely malnourished Hodeidah alone 31.7 per cent children malnourished Child labour, early marriage and pregnancy prevalent 6

7 Challenges 12.7 million without access to safe water and adequate sanitation Risk of diseases because of poor hygiene practices 902 schools damaged or closed in 12 Governorates. Fewer girls than boys in schools, with high dropout rates Children recruited to support military goals, others trafficked Crisis has mainly affected rural children, female-headed households, IDPs, returnees and refugees In Lahj and Aden, 13.7 percent of pregnant women risk having poor growth of unborn babies. 16 percent of pregnant or lactating women are malnourished. 7

8 Shelter 90 percent of IDPs live in informal settlements that do not meet adequate living conditions, with little or no privacy 69 out of 135 schools in Aden serving as temporary emergency shelter for 20,000 IDPs Thousands managing with plastic sheeting and make- shift accommodation, lacking sufficient mattresses and blankets in harsh weather conditions. 8

9 Health Outbreaks of cholera and diarrhea recorded and more expected in the year Measles threat to children under 5, and the risk of reemergence of polio Dengue, Chikungunya outbreaks, with cross-border implications Severe disruption of basic health care services leading to inadequate response capacity Violence against children, 159 killed in 2011 by landmines and UXOs 9

10 Protection Protection space more limited. The lack of necessary documentation results in limited access to basic needs and services Women and children increasingly exposed to violence, exploitation and neglect Lack of basic services further exposes women, children and youth to exploitation 10

11 Gender issues In the coming six months, 16 percent of displaced pregnant women risk life-threatening labor due to lack of access to health care High risk of gender based violence, including early/child marriage and sexual violence. In Haradh, 1,000 cases of GBV recorded Some of the IDPs live outside camps due to social reasons including sensitivities related to women living outside their community 11

12 Mixed Migration Continuing influx of refugees, asylum seekers and economic migrants from Horn of Africa. 103,000 new arrivals during 2011. 56,146 new arrivals as of June 2012, 80 percent of whom are Ethiopian migrants. Over 20,000 stranded Ethiopian migrants registered to receive humanitarian assistance at the departure centre in Haradh since early 2011 12

13 Humanitarian Outreach Humanitarian community is providing assistance in nearly all conflict areas (UN, INGOs and NGOs). 60 international organizations, broad partnerships with local NGOs 13

14 Response Ongoing activities across the country, requirements now up to about US$584.5 million for 11 clusters; $272.5 million received as at 27 August 2012 Partnerships with local organizations increased two-fold since November 2011 Abyan response plan formulated, $92 million needed. Critical components include shelter, education, and protection Agencies closely working with Government to address the issue of landmines and UXOs Efforts to support and protect vulnerable girls and women, persons with special needs and the war affected Early Recovery and Rehabilitation projects started in the North; agricultural services started in Sa’ada 14

15 Conclusion Broad range of support required, rapid and emergency interventions most critical Overall cluster requirements increased by 27 percent at Mid-Year 2012 Urgently need to assist all vulnerable populations including IDPs, women, children, refugees, and food insecure populations Addressing humanitarian needs is a critical element towards Yemen’s stability and long term development Humanitarian community able and ready to respond and expand operations, if more funding is made available 15

16 16 Thank You شكراً

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