Presentation on theme: "Nutrition during Pregnancy Drexel University Department of Biology Nutrition Center."— Presentation transcript:
Nutrition during Pregnancy Drexel University Department of Biology Nutrition Center
Project Sponsors USDA project funded through the Food Stamp Program School District of Philadelphia Nutrition Center, Department of Biology at Drexel University
Overview of Program 4 weekly sessions –Nutrition during pregnancy –Nutrition for infants to one year –Nutrition for toddlers –Healthy eating tips and review Tasting and preparing food Educational videos and handouts
Questions from Healthy Foods, Healthy Baby Video
Why should soda intake be limited during pregnancy? No nutritional value Added calories, which can lead to weight gain Added sugar, which can lead to cavities Caffeine, which can negatively affect the baby What can you drink instead of soda?
Why is eating healthy important during pregnancy? For the fetus: –Provides nutrients for proper growth and development –Prevents prematurity and low birth weight For the mother: –To prevent excess weight gain –To prevent heartburn, nausea and constipation –To prevent anemia, infection & poor healing
In the supermarket, what’s wrong with the woman shopping with her two children? No shopping list Children throwing anything in the cart Mother is very distracted & not paying attention to what goes in the cart Mother just wants to “get in & get out” Not making healthy choices
Nutrition and Pregnancy Basics Calorie & nutrient needs increase Gradual weight gain is recommended Follow a well-balanced diet Keep your foods safe Engage in physical activity Avoid drugs, alcohol and smoking
Calorie & Nutrient Needs An extra 300 calories per day 300 calories = –2 ½ cups of milk –Bagel with cream cheese –Tuna fish sandwich Teenage girls need about 2500 calories during pregnancy Amounts of protein, iron, folic acid and fiber also increase
What do these nutrients do for you? Fiber Calcium Protein Folic Acid Iron
Weight Gain Ranges Normal weight: 25-35 pounds Under weight: 28-40 pounds Overweight: 15-25 pounds It is recommended that teens gain the upper end of these ranges based on their pre-pregnancy weight.
Healthy Eating during Pregnancy Grains Vegetables Fruit Milk Oils Meat & Beans
Healthy Eating Tips Eat 3-5 meals and snacks a day Do not skip meals Eat a variety of foods Drink plenty of water Enjoy foods in moderation Avoid excess caffeine Take your prenatal vitamins daily
Food Safety Bacteria can grow in food and cause foodborne illnesses Pregnant women are at a higher risk Examples of foodborne illnesses: –E. coli –Salmonella –Listeria –Mercury
Listeria Bacteria that grows at refrigerator temperatures –Found in refrigerated, ready-to-eat foods and unpasteurized products Causes listeriosis Avoid: –Hot dogs and luncheon meats –Unpasteurized (raw) milk and milk products –Soft cheeses (Feta, bleu) –Refrigerated meat spreads
Mercury Metal found in thermometers, dental fillings & batteries Emitted from power plants; falls into bodies of water, where it is ingested by fish Eating fish with high levels of mercury can be toxic Fish to avoid: swordfish, tilefish, king mackerel, shark
Other Foods to Avoid Raw fish Unpasteurized juices Raw sprouts (alfalfa) Herbal supplements and herbal teas
Fight BAC! Food Safety Tips Clean- wash hands & surfaces often Separate- keep raw meat, poultry & eggs separate from ready-to-eat foods Cook- cook to proper temperatures Chill- refrigerate promptly
Hand washing Is there a proper way to wash your hands? Yes! 1.Rinse hands with warm water. 2.Wash hands with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds. Scrub well. 3.Rinse hands. 4.Wipe dry with paper towel.
Remember you are eating to keep you and your baby healthy Follow a well-balanced diet Take your prenatal vitamins Stay physically active Follow food safety guidelines Avoid cigarettes, drugs and alcohol
Fruit & Yogurt Parfait ½ cup vanilla yogurt ½ cup mandarin oranges ½ cup pineapple chunks 1 tablespoon low fat granola Place mandarin oranges in cup, add ¼ cup yogurt, add layer of pineapple chunks, and add the rest of yogurt. Top with low fat granola. Enjoy!