10 The area of first settlement has changed Can you see anything from 1902?
11 Cities can be represented by circles The area of first settlementCities grow out from areas of first settlement, and as they grow certain processes occur:Some areas DeclineIn some areas there is RenewalOutward growthThere’s Consolidation of people in some placesIn other places change in social and economic status occurs - Gentrification
13 Geographers often use models like this Models help us understand the real worldModels aren’t entirely accurateModels have aspects that are accurateWe can apply this circular model to SydneyDo you think it applies to Sydney?
14 As cities growth they spread outwards Sydney CBDZone of management administration & major retailing, where urban transport converges ensuring accessiblitySydney CBDThe area of first settlement develops as the Central Business District.Here the most intense business activity takes place
15 Around the CBD a factory zone develops Car factory ZetlandIndustry develops close to CBD administration, markets, labour, port sites and rail yards
16 Then a zone of housing and factories Rozelle & White BayIndustry expands into the area. The poorest people and housing conditions, high levels of pollution and congestion.
17 Next a zone of newer housing Housing HaberfieldResidential zone working class and upwardly mobile people, close to employment in inner zones
18 Then a zone of even newer houses Macquarie LinksHigher quality new housing on larger blocks, residents commute & have higher transport costs
19 Beyond is the rural urban fringe MulgoaMixed rural and high class residential area. Residents commute by train, often drive to railway stations
20 Does this describe the way Sydney is ? Rozelle has undergone ‘gentrification’Rozelle & White BayMulgoaSydney CBDCar factory ZetlandHousing HaberfieldMacquarie LinksThere are no longer factories in ZetlandMuch has changed
21 Suburbs like Zetland have become areas of urban consolidation with dense settlement & high rise apartment developmentUrban consolidation involves increasing the amount of medium to high density housing in areas that already have urban infrastructure in place, such as old industrial areas.
22 Suburbs like Annandale, Camperdown, Rozelle, Balmain, Lilyfield & Leichhardt have become expensive places to live. They have been the sites of Gentrification.Gentrification involves new groups of wealthy people moving into poor neighbourhoods and renovating the houses or sometimes building new ones.
23 Suburbs like Annandale, Camperdown, Rozelle, Balmain, Lilyfield & Leichhardt have also experienced Urban DeclineWith Urban Decline buildings and infrastructure fall into disrepair and dilapadation. It is sometimes called Urban decay. Businesses close and sometimes buildings become derelict and the intensity of land use declines.
24 The Old Piano Factory, Annandale Suburbs like Annandale, Camperdown, Rozelle, Balmain, Lilyfield & Leichhardt have also experienced Urban RenewalThe Old Piano Factory, AnnandaleIn the older parts of Sydney Urban renewal is apparent as changing economic conditions, new technology and the increasing expense of locating people and services on the urban fringe, make inner city living and working most attractive..