Presentation on theme: "Understanding the History of South Africa & Apartheid"— Presentation transcript:
1 Understanding the History of South Africa & Apartheid You are taking notes on a PowerpointLecture today. You do need yourJournals today!Understanding the History of South Africa & Apartheid
2 Early History A Time Line 1806 – British seize Cape of Good Hope1867 – Discovery of Gold1886 – Discovery of Diamonds1889 – 1902 – The Boer War (British and Dutch settlers)1902 – The beginning of apartheid1990’s – The end of apartheidThe discovery of diamond and gold increased wealth of new settlers and increased immigration to the area. The discovery also intensified subjugation of native inhabitants.After the Boer War, the Union of South Africa was created and operated under a policy of apartheid.
4 Population Statistics Reasons for Low Population Growth Rate:Life expectancy = 46 years50% live below poverty20% of adults have AIDS1996 Population40, 583, 6112003 Population42, 768, 678Population Growth Rate = .01%
5 Population by Race“Colored” is a term used for mixed black, Malayan, and white descentAsian population is mainly Indian ancestry
6 South African Cities Capitals Pretoria Cape Town – legislative center Bloemfontein – judicial center
8 Languages / Provinces LANGUAGES Afrikaans English Ndebele Pedi Sotho SwaziTsongaTswana *VendaXhosaZuluPROVINCESEastern CapeFree StateGautengKwa Zulu – NatalLimpopoMpumalangaNorth-WestNorthern CapeWestern Cape
9 World’s Largest Producer… GoldPlatinumChromiumDiamonds
10 Apartheid = “Separateness” The separation of races
11 Hendrik VerwoerdPrime Minister of South Africa from 1958 until his assassination in 1966“Architect of Apartheid”
12 Policies of Apartheid: “policy of good neighbourliness” Moved apartheid to “separate development”13% of S. Africa’s land = HOMELANDSThe remaining = major mineral areas and cities were reserved for the Afrikaan population
13 Rural vs. Urban Group Acts of 1950 & 1986 1.5 Million Africans were forced from urban areas to rural reservations1961 – Pressure from UN caused South Africa to withdraw from the Commonwealth of Nations
14 Homelands “Reservations” or “Bantustans” Verwoerd established 9 African groupsEach was to become a nation within its own homelandAfricans had rights and freedomsOutside the homelands, treated as aliensPoor quality land with erosionCompletely incapable of supporting large populations
16 Called "a black spot" because it is in a "white" area. Eventually demolished and the inhabitants forced to move to identically numbered houses in "resettlement" villages in their designated "homelands.“Millions of black South Africans were forcibly "resettled" in this way.Umbulwana, Natal in 1982.
17 Apartheid No Rights for Non-whites No right to voteNo ownership of landNo right to move freelyNo right to free speechNo right to protest the government
25 The Pass BookNeeded special permits to live outside of reservations, but not with familyLived in Townships (the city’s perimeter)Curfew regulationsPassbook raidsFailure to meet curfew or have passbook = subject to arrest
28 Resistance and Protests Apartheid is Challenged
29 Nelson MandelaNelson Mandela peacefully fought to end apartheid. He served 27 years in prison for such “treason.”Thousands of other South African non-whites were imprisoned and executed for their resistance against apartheid.
30 1960 Sharpeville MassacreIn 1960, during a peaceful protest in the city of Sharpeville, 69 people were killedThis massacre ignited additional demonstrations and protests against the unfair treatment of non-whites
31 Steve Biko A young Black leader Grave in King Williams Town, South Africa.Died in police detention in During the inquest into his death, strong evidence was presented that he suffered violent and inhumane treatment during his detention.
32 1985 DemonstrationIn an International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination was organized. The demonstration was held at Langa Township in Uitenhage. The day commemorates the anniversary of the March 21, 1960 massacre.
33 “Freedom in Our Lifetime!” 1985 DemonstrationThe message was simple:“Freedom in Our Lifetime!”
35 1994Reservations abolished and territories reabsorbed into the nation of South AfricaApartheid caused major economic hardships on South AfricaInternational sanctionsDecreased labor forceCut investments from countries like U.S.A.First multiracial electionNelson Mandela elected president of South Africa (1994 – 1999)
37 South Africa Today 1994 – The end of Apartheid Today’s president: Thabo Mbeki(16 June 1999)Presidents serve 5 year term
38 Works CitedThe World Factbook 2003: South Africa. CIA. 10 April 2004.Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research. 10 April 2004.- South Africa History- Apartheid History- Nelson MandelaHUMAN RIGHTS Historical images of Apartheid in South AfricaUnited Nations Photo. 17 November 2004.