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START Slide 1 of 41 Paint 201: Practical Solutions and Problem-Solving Techniques Practical Solutions and Problem- Solving Techniques.

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Presentation on theme: "START Slide 1 of 41 Paint 201: Practical Solutions and Problem-Solving Techniques Practical Solutions and Problem- Solving Techniques."— Presentation transcript:

1 START Slide 1 of 41 Paint 201: Practical Solutions and Problem-Solving Techniques Practical Solutions and Problem- Solving Techniques

2 Slide 2 of 73©2009 Benjamin Moore & Co. is a Registered Provider with IDCEC. This CEU is registered with the Interior Design Continuing Education Council (IDCEC) for continuing education credits. This credit will be accepted by the American Society of Interior Designers (ASID), International Interior Designers Association (IIDA) and Interior Designers of Canada (IDC). The content included is not deemed or construed to be an approval or endorsement by IDCEC of any material or construction or any method or manner of handling, using, distributing or dealing in any material or product. Questions related to specific materials, methods and services should be directed to the instructor or provider of this CEU.  This CEU will be reported on your behalf to IDCEC and you will receive an email notification. Please log in and complete the electronic survey for this CEU.  Certificates of completion will be automatically issued once you have submitted the online survey for this CEU.  Attendees who do not belong to ASID, IIDA or IDC and do not have a unique IDCEC number will be provided with a Certificate of Completion after this CEU. This presentation is protected by US and International copyright laws. Reproduction, distribution, display and use of the presentation without written permission of the speaker is prohibited. Benjamin Moore & Co. 101 Paragon Drive Montvale, NJ 07645 IDCEC Class-code:XXXXXX Course Number: CEU- 101875 Learning Units: 0.1 Paint 201

3 Slide 3 of 41 Learning Objectives Classification of paints Factors affecting curing Surface preparation and priming techniques Causes and solutions for common paint problems

4 Slide 4 of 41 Classifying Paints Introduction Paints are classified by resin type Oil and latex paints are the most common paints Knowledge can prevent problems

5 Slide 5 of 41 Classifying Paints How to Classify Paint Classified by type of resin or curing mechanism Resin contributes to performance Curing method influences drying time

6 Slide 6 of 41 Classifying Paints Resin Types Oils/Alkyds Latex/Acrylics Epoxies Urethanes

7 Slide 7 of 41 Classifying Paints Curing Mechanisms Solvent Evaporation – evaporation of solvent allows paint to dry Coalescence – particles of pigment and binder fuse together to bind the pigment Oxidation – binder oxidizes as it reacts with the oxygen in the air

8 Slide 8 of 41 Classifying Paints Drying vs. Curing Drying occurs when solvent evaporates from coating Curing occurs when coating has reached optimum hardness

9 Slide 9 of 41 Classifying Paints Factors Affecting Curing Temperature Air Movement Relative Humidity Dew Point

10 Slide 10 of 41 Classifying Paints Temperatures affect viscosity and bonding Increased air movement shortens dry time for oils Increased air movement can cause latex to crater Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d…

11 Slide 11 of 41 Classifying Paints High humidity can shift color in oils High and low humidity can affect latex adversely Dew point can affect performance of paints Factors Affecting Curing, Cont’d…

12 Slide 12 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Introduction Proper surface preparation is key Preparation and priming can prevent problems Critical with wood and metal applications

13 Slide 13 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Wood Apply protective coating to clean, dry surface Holes and cracks should be filled Type of wood will affect painting process

14 Slide 14 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Staining Wood Wood surface should be clean and dry Set nail holes below surface and fill-in Remove any loose fibers

15 Slide 15 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Re-Staining Wood Surface should be stripped of old finish Wood bleach system may be used for even color Clear finishes require a minimum of four coats

16 Slide 16 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Masonry Consider surface porosity and pH Highly porous surfaces must be filled Painting “hot” masonry will “burn” the resin

17 Slide 17 of 41 Surface Preparation and Primers Painting Metal Use latex or waterborne acrylic for galvanized steel Shipping coats should be removed with a solvent wash

18 Slide 18 of 41 Finish Coats Why do People Paint? Color – sets mood, safety Sheen – appearance and performance Protection – protects surface from environment

19 Slide 19 of 41 Finish Coats Color Color is the driving factor when selecting paint Color affects the body and mind Understanding color is critical yellow yellow- orange red- orange red red- purple blue- purple blue blue- green yellow- green

20 Slide 20 of 41 Finish Coats Color Schemes Analogous – 3 colors side by side on color wheel Monochromatic – tints and shade of 1 hue Triad – 3 colors equidistant on color wheel

21 Slide 21 of 41 Finish Coats Sheen Sheen levels vary from matte to high-gloss Glossy coatings offer extra durability High gloss show defects – flat hides imperfections Flat Matte Eggshell Pearl Satin Semi-Gloss High-Gloss Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

22 Slide 22 of 41 Finish Coats Sheen, Cont’d… Appearance Higher sheens accentuate surface defects, textures, and imperfections Flat hides surface defects and is the most forgiving sheen Lower sheens soften the appearance of a room and makes walls look smooth Durability Higher sheens are generally more durable due to their higher resin content Lower sheens are not as durable but are easily cleaned Glossy finishes provide a smooth luster and are excellent for trim, doors, and furniture

23 Slide 23 of 41 Finish Coats Residential Protection Coatings provide color and protection Interior paint provides washability Exterior surface paint provides protection Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

24 Slide 24 of 41 Finish Coats Commercial Protection Coatings offer chemical and abuse resistance Important component of facilities maintenance Two-component coatings are often used Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

25 Slide 25 of 41 Finish Coats Specialty Protection Spray applications Low VOC emission Splatter resistance Extreme durability Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

26 Slide 26 of 41 Problem Solving Blocking Two painted surfaces become stuck together Insufficient drying time or low quality gloss paint High-quality latex offers good blocking resistance Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

27 Slide 27 of 41 Problem Solving Yellowing Oils may yellow due to continuing oxidation Can also be caused by exposure to heat sources Using high-quality latex will minimize yellowing Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

28 Slide 28 of 41 Problem Solving Lapping Lapping refers to a non- uniform appearance Caused by failure to maintain a “wet-edge” Apply paint back onto the just painted surface Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

29 Slide 29 of 41 Problem Solving Hatbanding Caused by excessive cutting-in with a brush May also be caused by applying wet finish to dry Important to feather edges when cutting-in Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

30 Slide 30 of 41 Problem Solving Sagging Refers to downward dripping of the paint Caused by applying paint too heavily Immediately re-roll or brush out Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

31 Slide 31 of 41 Problem Solving Blistering Excess moisture or poorly prepared chalked surface Remove with pressurized water and scrape off Caulk cracks, holes and seams Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

32 Slide 32 of 41 Problem Solving Chalking Slight chalking of exterior paint is normal Can cause peeling problems Wash surface with detergent Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

33 Slide 33 of 41 Problem Solving Mildew High humidity, poor ventilation, no sunlight Use of low-quality paint with little mildewcide Apply one part bleach to three parts water Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

34 Slide 34 of 41 Problem Solving Cracking and Flaking Occurs over wood with non-porous flat grain Caused by seasonal weather fluctuations Lightly sand and coat with a primer Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

35 Slide 35 of 41 Problem Solving Tanning Staining Tannins can be activated by paint or stain Seal with a barrier coat Extreme cases may require a primer Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability) GoodBad

36 Slide 36 of 41 Problem Solving Surfactant Leaching Latex paints contain surfactants Moisture or low temperatures during curing Flush area with water Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

37 Slide 37 of 41 Problem Solving Questions to Ask What – product, drying method, surface preparation Where – location of surface When – atmospheric conditions How – applied with a brush or roller Dull (Appearance) Glossy (Durability)

38 START Slide 38 of 41 Thank You for Attending!

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