Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

What is Pneumonia and How Do I Prevent it?

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "What is Pneumonia and How Do I Prevent it?"— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Pneumonia and How Do I Prevent it?
MARC McLEARY, MD Clinton County Rural Health

2 What is Pneumonia? Inflammation of the lower air way (lungs).
Can be caused by several different sources. Bacteria Viruses Fungi The source of the pneumonia play a major role in treatment. Community Hospital Aspiration

3 Community Acquired Pneumonia Facts
It affects about 6 out of every 1000 people per year. 1 out every 160 people It is #8 cause of death in the United States. If hospitalized with CAP, the mortality (death) rate is up to 23%

4 What are some risk factors?
Smoking Tobacco Age over 65 COPD Previous pneumonia Severe esophageal reflux Influenza Lung Cancer

5 How is Pneumonia Diagnosed?
Clinical Signs Cough Fever Pleuritic chest pain (hurts to take deep breath) Difficulty breathing Sputum Production X-ray Must see an infiltrate on X-ray

6 Infiltrate

7 Treatment of Pneumonia:
First step is to determine if patient needs to be admitted to hospital CURB-65 PSI Antibiotic Therapy Usually a single antibiotic for a minimum of 5 days (normally longer) Resolution of symptoms Symptoms should start to improve very quickly although the cough and fatigue can persist for 2-4 weeks after treatment is started

8 Prevention of Pneumonia:
Good hand hygiene Soap and water or alcohol based cleanser Stop smoking Flu shot Pneumonia vaccine

9 Pneumonia Vaccine: Who gets it? Do I need to get it again?
Everyone over age 65 People less than 65 at higher risk for Pneumonia Diabetes Heart Disease No spleen Smokers Do I need to get it again? If you received the shot before age 65, you need a one time booster 5 years after the first shot. If you received the shot after age 65, you will not need another

10 Summary: Pneumonia is a common disease that is more common in people that smoke and who are over 65. A single antibiotic for 5-7 days is the first line treatment for most outpatient pneumonias You can help to prevent pneumonia by stopping smoking and getting the flu and pneumonia vaccine

Download ppt "What is Pneumonia and How Do I Prevent it?"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google