Presentation on theme: "ALCOHOL UNIT 7 th Grade Health. Alcohol-A drug found in certain beverages that depresses the brain and the nervous system. Most common alcoholic beverages."— Presentation transcript:
Alcohol-A drug found in certain beverages that depresses the brain and the nervous system. Most common alcoholic beverages Beer- an alcoholic beverage that is made by fermenting barley, corn or rye. Wine- An alcoholic beverage made by fermenting grapes or other fruits. Liquor- an alcoholic beverage made by distillation. Distillation- a process that uses a fermented mixture to obtain a high alcoholic content. Proof- A measure of the amount of alcohol in a beverage. Proof = % alcohol x 2 Ex) 14 % alcohol = 28 proof
Why does alcohol affect people differently? 1. Amount of alcohol consumed 2. Speed at which alcohol is consumed 3. Body weight 4. % of body fat 5. Gender 6. Feelings 7. Amount of food eaten 8. Age 9. Presence of other drugs in the bloodstream 10. State of general health
Blood alcohol Concentration (BAC): The percent of alcohol in the blood ..02 (about one drink per hour)- Relaxed feeling. Increased social confidence. ..05 (about 2 drinks per hour)- Reasoning and judgment are impaired. Slurred speech. Slower reaction time. Decreased muscular coordination. ..08 (3 or 4 drinks per hour)- Balance, vision, and hearing are slightly impaired. Legal intoxication in most states. ..10 (5 drinks per hour)- Reasoning, judgment, self-control, muscular coordination and reaction time are seriously impaired. People can no longer make responsible decisions. Slurred speech, walk with a stagger. Legally drunk in most states. Unpredictable emotions. ..20- Emotions are unpredictable and may change rapidly. People may go from crying to laughing very easily. ..30- Little or no control over mind and body. ..40 Likely to be unconscious, breathing and heartbeat slow down. Possible death. ..50- May enter a deep coma and die.
How does alcohol affect the body? HHarms the brain and other parts of the nervous system. DDestroys nerve cells and causes blackouts. AAlcohol exposes the mouth, esophagus, and stomach which could lead to cancer. IInjure stomach lining.--- Ulcer PPoison to the liver MMalnutrition- people who drink will eat less and drinking interferes with the digestion and absorption of nutrients. Nervous SystemDigestive System
How does alcohol affect the body? AAlcohol depresses the function of the Immune System IIncrease risk of developing illness. DDecrease the number of infection fighting cells in the body. Female Irregular Periods Impair breast development Male Decrease size of testes Decrease development of muscle mass. Immune SystemReproductive System
Alcohol and the LAW Legal Age- 21 years old Minor- A person under the legal age. *Minors who drink or purchase alcohol risk being arrested, fined and jailed. Let’s check out the DUI laws!!!
Alcohol and Pregnancy Miscarriage/ Stillbirth Low birth weight infant Alcohol Withdrawal after birth Sleeping problems, abnormal muscle tension and shakes. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) Severe birth defects Small eye openings Small head Retarded physical and mental growth Leading cause of mental retardation and birth defects.
ALCOHOLISM- a disease in which there is physical and psychological dependence on alcohol. DDifficulty controlling drinking MMoods and behaviors change rapidly CCan destroy social and family life. TTreatment for Alcoholism AAlcoholics Anonymous (AA) - a recovery program for people who have alcoholism. AAl Anon- a recovery program for people who have friends or family members with alcoholism. AAl Ateen- a recovery for TEENS who have family members with alcoholism.