Presentation on theme: "Look at the pictures and come up with what we will be studying for the first part of the lesson. 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of renewable."— Presentation transcript:
Look at the pictures and come up with what we will be studying for the first part of the lesson. 1. What are the advantages and disadvantages of renewable and non- renewable fuels?
Gossip You each have some information about a type of fuel, its advantages and disadvantages. You now have to ‘gossip’ on your table telling each other about your fuel BUT you cant show each other your information. At the end your table must be completed with all of the notes.
Type of fuel Where does it come from?AdvantagesDisadvantages Coal : non- renewable fossil fuel From fossilised plants. Found in the ground. It has to be burnt to produce energy. Relatively cheap to mine. Supplies could last another 250 years When burnt gives off greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide Oil: non- renewable fossil fuel From fossilised animals. Lakes of oil found under land or sea. It is burnt to produce energy. Relatively cheap to mine. Supplies should last another 50 years. When burnt gives off greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide Natural gas: non- renewable fossil fuel Methane gases are trapped between seams of rock and under the Earth’s surface. Pipes are put down through the ground and gas is pumped to surface. Relatively cheap to mine. Cleaner fuel than oil or coal. Supplies should last another 70 years When burnt gives off greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide Nuclear: non- renewable Produce from uranium which is obtained from mining. Energy produced when atoms split or joined together in nuclear reactors. Small amount of uranium gives off a lot of energy. Raw materials last a long time. Doesn’t give off greenhouse gasses. Nuclear reactors are expensive to build and run. Nuclear waste is radioactive and has to be stored for thousands of years. Can be very dangerous if it leaks. Biomass: non- renewable or renewable if the plants are re- grown Decaying plant or animal matter. Example: oil seed rape which is fields of yellow flowers. After being treated with chemicals it can be used to fuel diesel engines. Cheap and readily available. If plants re-grown it’s renewable. When burnt gives off greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide. If large areas of land are taken to produce energy crops, there may be food shortages. Wood: non- renewable or renewable if trees are re- grown Obtained from cutting down trees. The trees are burnt to provide energy. Cheap and readily available. If trees are re-grown it is renewable. When burnt gives off greenhouse gases e.g. carbon dioxide.
Type of fuel Where does it come from?AdvantagesDisadvantages Coal : non- renewable fossil fuel Oil: non- renewable fossil fuel Natural gas: non- renewable fossil fuel Nuclear: non- renewable Biomass: non- renewable or renewable if the plants are re- grown Wood: non- renewable or renewable if trees are re- grown
How could you use this type of explanation to explain the advantages and disadvantages of your type of energy? http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MhEGS1zs Apo http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SCg81A6k wg0 http://www.theguardian.com/environment/da mian-carrington-blog/2013/nov/08/pandoras- promise-pro-nuclear-movie-climate-change
5 minute task Choose one type of renewable and one type of non-renewable fuel. Explain their advantages. (4 marks)
GIVE ME 5- things you have learnt this lesson (facts, data, key terms…)
Starter: 1.Where in the world exports the most fuel? 2.Where in the world imports the most fuel? 3.Which countries do you think are in a fuel a) deficit b) surplus? 4.Describe the distribution of fuel importers in the world. (4) What is the distribution and balance of energy use? USA energy deficit because it consumes so much- if all consumed like the USA would need 34 worlds! Fuel imports Fuel exports
2. What is the distribution and balance of energy use? Complete the table: - is the country an LIC or HIC? - Is it in energy surplus or deficit? - Suggest reasons why these countries are in surplus or deficit. Country 2003 energy consumption 2003 productionLIC/MIC/HIC?Surplus/ Deficit? Bangladesh2198117549 Brazil193665171674 Canada262600385833 Ethiopia2050918903 France271140136222 Nigeria97825215667 UK232272246400 USA2808811632673 Surplus, Balance, Deficit
Fuel use USA energy deficit because it consumes so much- if all consumed like the USA would need 34 worlds!
Jan 2013- create a number of questions using this figure that adds up to 6 marks
How does deficit and surplus link in with carbon footprint and wasting energy? Draw a quick bingo table and write in 9 words. Domestic Secondary Primary Emissions Qatar Kuwait US 4metric http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aE_4VLWUBu8 Heating Transportation Electricity CO2 Flight Indirect Product Manufacture
How do we waste energy? How can we save energy? Write down ways that: – A) domestic (households) waste energy – B)Settlements waste energy
How does Barnet recycle its waste? From your own knowledge and remembering from you creating your website. Write a list. http://ccfgcsegeography.posterous.com/
Explain 2 ways of reducing energy wastage on a local scale in the UK? (4 marks) You can use the Woking Case study on page 139 – write the perfect answer for this question. OR BARNET MAKE SURE YOU INCLUDE KEY FACTS AND GEOGRAPHICAL TERMS
Page 137 Write notes on solutions to energy wastage on a – 1) a national scale – 2) a local and domestic scale
National scale energy solutions – Grant for £2500 per household for green technologies – No planning permission for wind turbines, solar panels, ground and water source heat pumps and biomass systems. – £1 million grant for public buildings Local and domestic scale solutions – Community energy schemes – communal boiler – Combined Heat Power is 90% efficient compared to 20% for national systems- 1300 sites have them. – Money off council tax if you have insulation
WOKING BOROUGH COUNCIL CASE STUDY When did they set it up What did they do with electricity cables? What is CHP? How many buildings does it power? How has it been extended? How many other houses will benefit? How else is it trying to be sustainable? How are its street lights powered?
Choose a HIC you have studied. Explain how it disposes of different types of waste. (6 marks) You are the examiner- what do you expect to be included to get 6 marks? Which case study are you going to choose? Germany/Barnet/Camden?