Download presentation

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Published byTrinity Leyman Modified over 6 years ago

1
CHAPTER 20 Options Markets: Introduction

2
Buy - Long Sell - Short Call Put Key Elements – Exercise or Strike Price – Premium or Price – Maturity or Expiration Option Terminology

3
In the Money - exercise of the option would be profitable Call: market price>exercise price Put: exercise price>market price Out of the Money - exercise of the option would not be profitable Call: market price<exercise price Put: exercise price<market price At the Money - exercise price and asset price are equal Market and Exercise Price Relationships

4
Figure 20.1 Stock Options on IBM

5
American - the option can be exercised at any time before expiration or maturity European - the option can only be exercised on the expiration or maturity date American vs. European Options

6
Stock Options Index Options Futures Options Foreign Currency Options Interest Rate Options Different Types of Options

7
Notation Stock Price = S T Exercise Price = X Payoff to Call Holder (S T - X) if S T >X 0if S T < X Profit to Call Holder Payoff - Purchase Price Payoffs and Profits at Expiration - Calls

8
Payoff to Call Writer - (S T - X) if S T >X 0if S T < X Profit to Call Writer Payoff + Premium Payoffs and Profits at Expiration - Calls

9
Figure 20.2 Payoff and Profit to Call Option at Expiration

10
Figure 20.3 Payoff and Profit to Call Writers at Expiration

11
Payoffs to Put Holder 0if S T > X (X - S T ) if S T < X Profit to Put Holder Payoff - Premium Payoffs and Profits at Expiration - Puts

12
Payoffs to Put Writer 0if S T > X -(X - S T )if S T < X Profits to Put Writer Payoff + Premium Payoffs and Profits at Expiration – Puts Continued

13
Figure 20.4 Payoff and Profit to Put Option at Expiration

14
InvestmentStrategyInvestment Equity onlyBuy stock @ 100100 shares$10,000 Options onlyBuy calls @ 101000 options$10,000 Calls plus billsBuy calls @ 10100 options $1,000 Buy T-bills @ 3% $9,000 Yield Equity, Options, & Bills

15
IBM Stock Price $95$105$115 All Stock$9,500$10,500$11,500 All Options$0 $5,000$15,000 Calls plus bills $9,270 $9,770$10,770 Payoffs

16
IBM Stock Price $95$105$115 All Stock-5.0%5.0% 15% All Options-100% -50% 50% Calls plus bills -7.3%-2.3% 7.7% Rates of Return

17
Figure 20.5 Rate of Return to Three Strategies

18
Table 20.1 Value of Protective Put Portfolio at Option Expiration

19
Figure 20.6 Value of a Protective Put Position at Option Expiration

20
Figure 20.7 Protective Put versus Stock Investment (at-the-money option)

21
Table 20.2 Value of a Covered Call Position at Expiration

22
Figure 20.8 Value of a Covered Call Position at Expiration

23
Straddle (Same Exercise Price) Long Call and Long Put Spreads - A combination of two or more call options or put options on the same asset with differing exercise prices or times to expiration. Vertical or money spread: Same maturity Different exercise price Horizontal or time spread: Different maturity dates Option Strategies

24
Table 20.3 Value of a Straddle Position at Option Expiration

25
Figure 20.9 Value of a Straddle at Expiration

26
Table 20.4 Value of a Bullish Spread Position at Expiration

27
Figure 20.10 Value of a Bullish Spread Position at Expiration

28
Buy one call and write one put Payoff S T X Call owned0S T – X Put written-(X – S T ) 0 Total payoff S T – X S T – X Since the payoff on (call + put) options is equal to leveraged equity, their prices must be equal: C – P = S 0 – X/(1 + r f ) T Put Call Parity Derivation

29
If the prices are not equal arbitrage will be possible or C – P = S 0 – X/(1 + r f ) T Put Call Parity

30
Stock Price = 110 Call Price = 17 Put Price = 5 Risk Free = 5% Maturity = 1 yr X = 105 C – P = S 0 – X/(1 + r f ) T 17 – 5 > 110 – 105/(1 + 0.05) Since the leveraged equity is less expensive, acquire the low cost alternative and sell the high cost alternative Put Call Parity - Disequilibrium Example

31
Table 20.5 Arbitrage Strategy

32
Optionlike Securities Callable Bonds Convertible Securities Warrants Collateralized Loans

33
Figure 20.11 Values of Callable Bonds Compared with Straight Bonds

34
Figure 20.12 Value of a Convertible Bond as a Function of Stock Price

35
Exotic Options Asian Options C = Max[mean S – X, 0] Look-back Options C = Max [S max – X, 0] Digital Options C = $100 if S T > X 0 if S T < X

36
Barrier Options Down-and-Out Barrier Options C = Max[S T – X, 0] if S t > B 0 if S t < B Down-and-In Barrier Options C = Max[S T – X, 0] if S t < B 0 if S t > B

Similar presentations

© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google