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Posting to General and Subsidiary Ledgers

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1 Posting to General and Subsidiary Ledgers
Chapter 12 Posting to General and Subsidiary Ledgers

2 General Ledger A ledger that contains all accounts needed to prepare financial statements.

3 Subsidiary Ledger A ledger that is summarized in a single general ledger account.

4 Accounts Payable Ledger
A subsidiary ledger containing only accounts for vendors from whom items are purchased or bought on account.

5 Accounts Receivable Ledger
A subsidiary ledger containing only accounts for charge customers.

6 Controlling Account An account in a general ledger that summarizes all accounts in a subsidiary ledger.

7 Posting To A General Ledger
Posting must always be done at the end of a month. Five Steps for posting: 1. Write the date. 2. Write the journal page. 3. Write the Debit amount in the account’s debit amount column. 4. Add the amount to the previous balance. 5. Write the Acct. No. in Post Ref.

8 Posting to a General Ledger
Separate amounts written in special amount columns ARE NOT posted individually to the general ledger; only the totals of special amount columns ARE posted. Place a check mark in parentheses below the General Debit and General Credit column totals to indicate that the two amount column totals ARE NOT posted. Place the account no. in parentheses below the special amount column totals to show that the totals ARE posted.

9 Opening A New Page For An Account In A General Ledger
A new page for a general ledger account is required when all lines have been used. The account title, account no., and account balance are recorded on the new page.

10 Assigning Account Numbers
Use three digits. First digit identifies the division. Second two digits show each account’s location within a subsidiary ledger. Accounts are assigned by 10s beginning with the second digit. Accounts are arranged in alphabetic order. (same process as in Chapter 6)

11 Accounts Payable Ledger Form
Accounts payable are liabilities, and liabilities have normal credit balances. Therefore, the Debit Balance column is usually not needed for the accounts payable ledger accounts.

12 Accounts Receivable Ledger Form
Accounts receivable are assets, and assets have normal debit balances. Therefore, the form used in the accounts receivable ledger has a Debit Balance column instead of a Credit Balance column.

13 Proving the Accuracy of Posting
Posting must be accurate to assure correct account balances. Three things are done to prove the accuracy of posting: 1. Cash is proved 2. Subsidiary schedules are prepared 3. A trial balance is prepared

14 Proving Accounts Payable and Accounts Receivable
A schedule of accounts payable is prepared after all entries in a journal are posted. (Same thing for proving accounts receivable)

15 FYI When an account that is no longer used is removed from the accounts receivable ledger, that customer number is available for assignment to a new customer. An error in posting may cause a business to overpay or underpay its vendors.

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