Download presentation

1
Electricity

2
**20.1 Electric Charge & Static Electricity**

3
Force Electric forces – attractive or repulsive What does this mean?

4
Opposites attract

5
Like charges repel

6
And remember….

7
**Electric Fields Strength of a field depends on:**

the charge produced by the field the distance of field

8
**Static Electricity DEFINITION:**

Net accumulation of electric charges on an object. IN OTHER WORDS: Electrons that are moved from 1 place to another usually by rubbing, brushing or no contact.

9
**Static charges work 3 ways**

Friction Contact Induction

10
Friction Since opposite charges attract, the electrons move from the hair to the comb. The comb is now negatively charged by FRICTION.

11
**For the visual learners . . .**

12
Contact Van deGraaff generator has a – charge at top. Touching top would make the object – charged. The object is now negatively charged by CONTACT.

13
Induction - charges in hand cause the + charges in the doorknob to move to the opposite side (opposites attract) Charge has been transferred by INDUCTION.

14
**For the visual learners….**

15
Static Discharge When a pathway that charges can move through forms suddenly. Ie: lightening, touching a doorknob

16
Attract or Repel? Attract

17
Attract or Repel? Repel

18
**What’s the best thing about static electricity?**

20
Lecture 20.2 You need a calculator

21
**20.2 Electric Current & Ohms’s Law**

22
**Current The flow of electrons through a wire or a conductor.**

SI unit = (Amps) A

23
**2 types of current A/C – alternating current D/C – direct current**

ie: by plugging into the household wiring D/C – direct current ie: batteries

24
Conductor DEFINITION: Material that allows electrons to move easily through it. IN OTHER WORDS: Just like a train conductor moves cars from one track to another track, conductors move electrons from one place to another.

25
**Which metal is the best conductor for your internet connection?**

26
Copper? Silver?

27
Insulator DEFINITION: Material that does not allow electrons to move through it. IN OTHER WORDS: Just as a potholder insulates you from heat, electrical insulators slow down or resist the flow of electricity.

28
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

Glass

29
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

30
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

Ceramic

31
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

32
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

Copper

33
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

34
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

Wood

35
**Conductor or Insulator ?**

Although uncommon, there are a number of insulator styles made from wood. One type was made from the dense wood lignum vitae for the San Francisco trolley system.

36
**Everyday examples of conductors and Insulators**

37
**To sum them up….. silver glass copper rubber gold oil aluminum asphalt**

Conductors: silver copper gold aluminum iron steel brass bronze mercury graphite dirty water concrete Insulators: glass rubber oil asphalt fiberglass porcelain ceramic quartz (dry) cotton (dry) paper (dry) wood plastic air pure water

38
**Mini Quiz The build up of charges on an object is called?**

Electrons do not move through… Electrons move easily through materials called … Static Electricity Insulators Conductors

39
Resistance DEFINITION: the tendency for a material to oppose the flow of electrons, changing energy into thermal energy and light. SI unit = Ohm’s (W) See pg Fig. 8

40
**What effects resistance?**

Temperature Thickness Length

41
**Think of a common household item that has a resistor**

Something we use in class?

42
**Potential Difference - Voltage**

DEFINTION: Difference in potential between 2 different places. IN OTHER WORDS: It is the amount of work that must be done to carry a charge from one point to another.

43
**A source of potential difference must keep the current flowing.**

44
**Ohm’s Law Potential difference = current x resistance**

V (volts) = I (amperes) x R (ohms) Compare to: Water in a Hose Electricity is: DC in a Wire Electrical Units Symbol pressure potential (V) Volts V rate of flow current (I) Amps (or Amperes) A friction resistance (R) Ohms W

45
**How do you remember the formula?**

…..if this helps, use it.

47
**Practice problems resistance – R = 75 ohms voltage – V = 110 volts**

A 75 ohm circuit is powered by a 110-Volt energy source. What is the current flowing in this circuit? First we identify the information that we are given in the problem: resistance – R = 75 ohms voltage – V = 110 volts Need to know amps 110V = I x 75 ohms (rearrange formula) Amps = 110 volts / 75 ohms (W) 1.5A

48
**Practice problems resistance = 250 ohms current = 0.95 amps**

What is the voltage of a circuit with a resistance of 250 ohms and a current of 0.95 amps? First we identify the information that we are given in the problem: resistance = 250 ohms current = 0.95 amps Need to know volts V= 250 ohms x 0.95 amps Volts = 250 ohms x 0.95 amps 237.5V

49
**Mini Quiz ___ is a flow of electrons thru a wire or conductor. Current**

A current must have a constant flow of ___ Current Potential Difference

50
**Mini Quiz Tendency for a material to oppose the flow of electrons**

What 3 quantities are related to Ohm’s Law Resistance Voltage, current, and resistance

51
**Review Quiz of 20.2 before next section**

View here

52
20.3 20.3 Electric Circuits

53
**Circuit is a closed path through which electrons can flow.**

54
Circuit Symbols

55
**Series Circuit Christmas lights are often wired this way.**

Disadvantage – when 1 light goes out the whole strand goes out.

56
Series Circuit

57
**Parallel Circuit Electricity has several paths that it can travel.**

Used in households. When one circuit is closed others still work.

58
Parallel Circuit

60
Series or Parallel? Parallel

61
Series or Parallel? Series

62
**Power = current x voltage**

Electrical Power Expressed in watts (W) or kilowatts (kW) The amount of power an appliance used can be calculated by Power = current x voltage Watts = amps x volts P = I x V

63
**Power is expressed here as E for “energy”**

65
**Mini Quiz A _____ is a closed path in which electrons flow Circuit**

Christmas lights are an example of ….. Household wiring are wired by … Circuit Series Circuit Parallel Circuits

66
**Number your paper 1-9. View here**

Video quiz Number your paper 1-9. View here

67
**Check your answers 9. Swimming pool 1. c) electrons Open area**

Climbing on a metal ladder Fishing in a metal boat on a lake Standing in a field wearing a metal suit 1. c) electrons 2. a) nucleus 3. b) insulators 4. c) electrical 5. b) attract 6. c) positive 7. b) neutral 8. d) negative

68
The End

69
Electroscope An instrument for detecting the presence of static electricity. When the leaves are charged the same way they repel each other.

Similar presentations

© 2021 SlidePlayer.com Inc.

All rights reserved.

To make this website work, we log user data and share it with processors. To use this website, you must agree to our Privacy Policy, including cookie policy.

Ads by Google