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Protestant Reformation. On your next clean left side page: Describe a time that you felt something was so corrupt, dirty or dysfunctional that you believed.

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Presentation on theme: "Protestant Reformation. On your next clean left side page: Describe a time that you felt something was so corrupt, dirty or dysfunctional that you believed."— Presentation transcript:

1 Protestant Reformation

2 On your next clean left side page: Describe a time that you felt something was so corrupt, dirty or dysfunctional that you believed it would be best to remove or destroy it

3 What do you see here? What visual clues do you see in the image to reveal its location? What are the people in the lower right corner doing? What job could the person sitting at the table be doing? Why would a banker be working in a church? In what ways could the Church’s practice of collecting money from its followers lead to corruption?

4 During 1300’s and 1400’s: many Catholics lost faith in some of the teachings of the Church and its leadership Middle Ages also referred to as Age of Faith because it was a time when most members of Euro society believe not only in God, but also in the notion that the only path to salvation was the Roman Catholic Church This put the Church in a position of tremendous power, as few would dare doubt the institution that could ensure their eternal life or damnation New thinking that emerged from the humanist movement led reformers from both within and outside the Church to question its validity

5 Discontent Throughout Europe, feudal positions had been staffed by clergy members Feudal dues and taxes were an important source of income for the church As feudalism declined, power of the monarchs increased Church made sure not to lose power; the Pope was as much a prince as a spiritual leader, protecting his Papal States from Euro powers, they were involved in endless wars Power struggle between European monarchs and the Pope

6 The Pope and the French 1296—Philip IV, King of France, attempted to tax the French clergy Pope Boniface VIII, responded by threatening to excommunicate Philip Philip sent troops to kidnap the pope He was soon released, but the trauma caused the 86 year old pope to die within the month Philip then used his influence to have a Frenchman, Clement V, elected pope Instead of going to rome, Clement set up his court in Avignon From 1305-1375, seven popes ruled the Church from France—a period known as the Babylonian Captivity

7 Mo’ Popes, Mo’ Problems End of Babylonian Captivity = more trouble for the papacy 1376- Pope Gregory XI moved the papal court back to Rome He died in 1378– Italian Urban VI, quickly elected to prevent angry mobs of Romans from storming the residence He began placing strange restrictions on his cardinals and his behavior became irratic—many feared he’d gone mad Concerned cardinals held a separate election and chose Clement VII (a Frenchie) to be pope Clement set up a rival papacy in Avignon, beginning a period known as the Great Schism The was the single greatest period of dissension among Catholics People began to see the Church as a corrupt body

8 Daddy, can you hear me? Rampant immorality existed at all levels Clergy were supposed to be the educated elite, but many were illiterate and unable to perform the most basic parish duties Many priests and nuns flaunted their vows of chastity by taking lovers and having illegitimate children Said children could be made legitimate by purchasing a document from the Church Out of 614 grants of legitimacy in the yedar 1342-43, 484 were to members of the clergy Several popes raised illegitimate children, including Innocent VIII (ironic), and Alexander VI

9 Numerous bishops and abbots used their positions to live lives of luxury and leisure; living more like princes than humble men of God Cardinals lived in palaces in Rome, – They work jewel-encrusted gold robes and feasted on huge meals – This during a time when their average parishioner was starving and living in squalor During the BabCap, a Card in Avignon required 10 stables for his horses and housed his retainers in 51 houses Pope Leo X (Giovanni de Medici) was elected in 1513, he said “God has given us the papacy, now let’s enjoy it”

10 Get your relics here! Church developed corrupt practices to pay for their extravagant lifestyles – Taught that pilgrimages to sites of relics or holy places were acceptable forms of penance – Some clergy brought relics (or created them) and charged repentant Christians to see the “holy” objects – Frederick I, prince of Saxony, kept a collection of over 17000 relics including “Moses’ burning bush”, 33 fragments of Jesus’ cross, straw from Jesus’ manger, and a vial of ‘milk’ from the Virgin Mary’s breasts

11 Simony Says Simony was another practice that created revenue for the hierarchy in Rome Allowed Church offices to go to the highest bidder, regardless of buyer’s background or training By 15 th century, some Christians considered traditional Church taxes, levied in the form of tithes on all subjects of the pope, to be unjust

12 Indulge me Developed during the 13 th century, based on the idea that a truly repentant sinner could work to reduce his or her years in purgatory Notion was that pope had control over a treasury of merit, or spiritual wealth, that could be dispensed to the faithful for the remission of sins When a Christian was deemed to have sinned, he or she could confess the sin, and perform good deeds – Or pay a certain amount of money to the local church in place of doing standard penance, to work off time in purgatory

13 In time, this practice devolved to purchasing a form letter form any number of Church officials – Usually attended by bankers in charge of calculating the proceeds – Though not official policy, many in the Church taught that salvation was attainable simply by purchasing enough indulgences – Eventually began purchasing indulgences for those who had already died as a “get out of purgatory free” card Many began to question the Church’s position as “Protector of the Truth”

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