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Figurative Language Grades 6-8

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Presentation on theme: "Figurative Language Grades 6-8"— Presentation transcript:

1 Figurative Language Grades 6-8
Go Figure! Figurative Language Grades 6-8

2 Recognizing Literal Language
“I’ve eaten so much I feel as if I could literally burst!” In this case, the person is not using the word literally in its true meaning. Literal means "exact" or "not exaggerated." By pretending that the statement is not exaggerated, the person stresses how much he has eaten. Literal language is language that means exactly what is said. Most of the time, we use literal language.

3 Recognizing Figurative Language
The opposite of literal language is figurative language. Figurative language is language that means more than what it says on the surface. It usually gives us a feeling about its subject. Poets use figurative language almost as frequently as literal language. When you read poetry, you must be conscious of the difference. Otherwise, a poem may make no sense at all.

4 What is figurative language?
Whenever you describe something by comparing it with something else, you are using figurative language.

5 Types of Figurative Language
Imagery Simile Metaphor Alliteration Personification Onomatopoeia Hyperbole Idioms

6 Imagery Language that appeals to the senses. Descriptions of people or objects stated in terms of our senses. Sight Taste Hearing Touch Smell He fumed and charged like an angry bull. I lay still and took another minute to smell: I smelled the warm, sweet, smell of silage, as well as the sour dirty laundry spilling over the basket in the hall.

7 Simile A figure of speech which makes a direct comparison between two unlike things, usually with the words like or as. Example: The muscles on his arms are strong as iron bands.

8 Metaphor A figure of speech which makes an implied comparison between two unlike things using a form of be. The comparison does not use like or as. Example: The road was a ribbon wrapped through the desert.

9 Alliteration Repeated consonant sounds occurring at the beginning of words or within words. Example: She was wide-eyed and wondering while she waited for Walter to waken.

10 Personification A figure of speech which gives the qualities of a person to an animal, an object, or an idea. Example: “The wind screams around the corner of the building." The wind cannot scream. Only a living thing can scream.

11 Onomatopoeia The use of words that mimic sounds.
Example: The firecracker made a loud ka-boom!

12 Hyperbole An exaggerated statement used to heighten effect. It is not used to mislead the reader, but to emphasize a point. Example: I have a ton of homework tonight.

13 Idioms An idiom refers to an expression in one language that cannot be matched or directly translated word-for-word in another language. Example: "She has a bee in her bonnet," meaning "she is obsessed," cannot be literally translated into another language word for word.

14 Let’s see what we have learned
Number your paper from 1-10. Identify the type of figurative language used in each example. Remember no talking! You are the king of men. Bang! Pow! Crash! She is as sweet as sugar.

15 4. The sad and lonely house wept chips of paint onto the sidewalk.
5. I’m sitting on top of the world. 6. I am so hungry, I could eat a horse. Be careful that you don’t bite the hand that feeds you. I’m as nervous as a cat in a room full of rockers. 9. Peter Pepper picked a peck of pickled peppers. 10. My pencil danced eagerly across the page.

16 Check your papers! Metaphor Onomatopoeia Simile Personification Idiom
Hyperbole Alliteration

17 Figurative Language Resources
Eye on Idioms (Online PPT) Paint by Idioms (Game) Alliteration or Simile? (Quiz) Similes and Metaphors (PPT) The Search for Similes, Metaphors, and Idioms (PPT) Alliteration (PPT) Onomatopoeia (PPT) Personification (PPT) Hyperbole  (PPT) Idioms (PPT) Simile (PPT)

18 Teaching Similes and Metaphors
Alliteration Lesson Plan and Resources Hyperbole- Lesson Plans and Resources Idiom Lesson Plan Imagery- Lesson Plans and Resources Lesson Plan for Puns Onomatopoeia- Lesson Plans and Resources Personification Lesson Plans and Resources Proverbs- Lesson Plans and Resources

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