Presentation on theme: "T RAVEL & T OURISM. T OURISM D EFINITIONS Tourist: people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive."— Presentation transcript:
T OURISM D EFINITIONS Tourist: people traveling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes Passport: passport use goes back to 12th Century Europe when citizens of neutral countries carried passport letters to allow safe travel through countries especially during a war http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tourism#International_tourism_expenditures http://ecommons.txstate.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=1310&context=arp
C AREERS IN TOURISM Travel Agents Tour guides Translators Hotel Staff Historians Graphic Designers (design promotional materials) Transportation (pilots, sailors, conductors, etc) Program Directors (cruise ships/resorts) Entertainers Writers/Bloggers
W HAT EVENTS HAVE CAUSED TRAVEL & TOURISM TO CHANGE ? Technology Cars Trains Buses Airplanes Internet Diplomacy Safety in other countries NATO Health Care Vaccines Epidemics Business Push towards global Global offices
H OW HAS TRAVEL CHANGED IN THE U.S.? 1700’s 1800’s 1900’s 1920’s 1930’s 1940’s 1950’s 1960’s 1970’s 1980’s 1990’s 2000’s
H OW HAS TRAVEL CHANGED R ECENTLY ? Consolidation of traditional tourism destinations, like those in Western Europe and North America Geographical expansion & diversification of destinations Tourism has become a major player in the economy of developing countries. New Ideas, Restrictions, Concepts Destination Hotels Jumbo Jets Frequent Flier Miles TSA & Flight Restrictions Destination Weddings http://step.unwto.org/en/content/tourism-and-poverty-alleviation-1
T RAVEL I NDUSTRY S TATISTICS The contribution of tourism to economic activity worldwide is estimated at some 5%. Tourism's contribution to employment is 6-7% of the overall number of jobs worldwide (direct and indirect). From 1950 to 2010, international tourism arrivals expanded at an annual rate of 6.2%, growing from 25 million to 940 million. The income generated by these arrivals grew at an even stronger rate reaching around US$ 919 billion in 2010. While in 1950 the top 15 destinations absorbed 88% of international arrivals, in 1970 the proportion was 75% and 55% in 2010, reflecting the emergence of new destinations, many of them in developing countries. As growth has been particularly fast in the world's emerging regions, the share in international tourist arrivals received by emerging and developing countries has steadily risen, from 32% in 1990 to 47% in 2010. http://unwto.org/
W HAT DO YOU THINK THE FUTURE HOLDS FOR TOURISM & T RAVEL ?