Presentation on theme: "Influenza A, H1N1 “Swine Flu”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Influenza A, H1N1 “Swine Flu” The Facts and How to Protect Yourself
2 What is Influenza A, H1N1 Swine Flu? Swine influenza is a respiratory disease of pigs caused by a virus. It regularly causes outbreaks of influenza among pigsInfluenza A, H1N1 swine flu is a new strain of the flu that moved from pigs to humans and can be transmitted from human to human.
3 Influenza A, H1N1 (swine flu) Swine flu is different from seasonal flu because:It is a new strain of the virusHumans do not have an immunity from it
4 How Does It Spread?Thought to be spread in the same way that seasonal flu spreadsMainly from person to person when an infected person coughs or sneezes and spreads tiny particles into the airSometimes by touching something with flu viruses on it, and then touching the mouth, nose or eyes
5 What Can You Do to Protect Yourself and Others? Frequently wash your hands with soap and water for secondsAlcohol-based hand cleaners are OKCover your coughs and sneezes by coughing and sneezing into your arm, not your hands. Or, sneeze into a tissue and discard itAvoid touching your nose, eyes and mouthTry to avoid close contact with people who appear sick, and have a fever and cough
6 What Can You Do to Protect Yourself and Others? Cont. If you are sick, stay homeIf your child is ill, keep them home from school or childcarePractice good health habits: get enough sleep, eat nutritious food, keep physically active
7 What are Signs and Symptoms of the Flu? Similar to symptoms of regular human flu:Fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigueMay include diarrhea and vomitingMay cause more serious symptoms in individuals with chronic medical conditionsPneumonia, respiratory failure, and deaths have been reported.
8 How Long Can an Infected Person Spread it to Others? People are contagious as long as they have symptoms 7 are sick.Children, especially infants, may be more contagiousViruses can live 2 hours or longer on surfaces like tables, desks, and door knobs.
9 What To Do If You Get Sick If you have symptoms:Fever, body aches, running nose, sore throat, nausea, or vomiting or diarrheaVisit the government hospital in your area where designated for Swine flu treatment.Stay home and avoid contact with others as much as possible
10 What To Do if Your Child is Sick If your child has these symptoms, seek immediate medical care:Fast breathing or trouble breathingBluish skin colorNot drinking enough fluidsNot waking up or not interactingBeing so irritable that the child does not want to be heldFlu-like symptoms improve but then return with fever and worse coughFever with a rash.
11 What More Can I Do To Prepare? Develop a family emergency plan as a precaution, include:Storing a supply of foodMedicinesFacemasksAlcohol-based hand cleanersOther essential suppliesFor an emergency checklist, see
12 What are Local Public Health Officials doing? Working with hospitals and health care providers to promptly identify potential cases of swine fluAssuring that appropriate treatment and prevention measures are usedDeveloping fact sheets for pharmacies, schools, the general public, and health care providers.