Hepatitis B Can survive longer than one week in dried blood (there is a vaccine available) Hepatitis C The most common BBP in the United States (no vaccine available-leading cause of liver cancer) HIV (AIDS virus) does not survive very well outside the body
The potential for transmission exists through: Contact with blood or body fluid containing blood (saliva, vomit, urine, excrement, breast milk, vaginal secretions, semen) Mucous membranes: eyes, nose, mouth Non-intact skin (acne, cuticle tears, cuts on hands, etc.)
The potential for transmission exists during: Assisting a student to toilet Administering first aid On the bus In the science lab In the woodshop On the playground When breaking up fights When conducting daily duties such as coaching and custodial duties
TREAT ALL INDIVIDUALS (children, faculty, staff) AS POTENTIALLY INFECTIOUS BY USING SAFE WORK PRACTICES AND ENGINEERING CONTROLS TO PROTECT AGAINST BLOOD BORNE DISEASES. TREAT ALL BLOOD, AND BODY FLUIDS AS THOUGH THEY ARE CONTAMINATED.
* Equipment used by an individual using good working practices * Gloves without holes (includes utility gloves) Mask (when there is potential for splashing) Gown (when there is potential for splashing) Goggles (when there is potential for splashing) CPR masks for employees trained in CPR Note: this equipment is provided by the district free of charge
A bleach and water mixture of 5:1 ratio will kill the common BBPs. Clean all spills immediately using PPE! Use Response/spill kits if they are available at your site. Call a custodian to assist in cleanup. If there is no custodian available, staff is responsible for cleanup.
HANDWASHING HANDWASHING is the single most important means of blood borne pathogen exposure prevention! REMEMBER to remove contaminated gloves correctly. Visit http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iuy-hpuVfY for info on removinghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-iuy-hpuVfY contaminated gloves. WASH HANDS after removing gloves using warm, soapy water and lots of friction for at least 20 seconds. Turn the faucet off using a paper towel.
* items needed for an individual to perform safe work practices * SINKS for proper handwashing RED BIOHAZARD BAGS to dispose of any material contaminated with blood or body fluids SHARPS CONTAINERS for contaminated objects that may puncture plastic bags
WHAT DO I DO IF I HAVE AN ACCIDENTAL EXPOSURE? (BLOOD SPLASH INTO MUCOUS MEMBRANE OR ONTO NON-INTACT SKIN OR BY PERCUTANEOUS ROUTE INCLUDING NEEDLE/BITE) FLUSH mucous membranes with running water for at least 15 minutes WASH all exposures thoroughly with soap and water SEE THE NURSE to fill out an incident report REPORT all exposures immediately to your supervisor and Mike Hamel. Mike Hamel will discuss with our medical director if any further evaluation will be needed. Also, the medical director will determine if the Hepatitis B vaccine will need to be administered. **The Hep B vaccine is just as effective immediately after exposure as it is if you were to have had it pre-exposure. However, it must be administered within 24 hours of an exposure!**
HEPATITIS B VACCINE A series of injections given over 6 months Since 1998, all children entering school are required to have the vaccine unless an exemption has been granted. This mandatory vaccination has reduced the number of Hepatitis B transmissions In this age group. The Hepatitis B vaccine is offered free of charge to employees who have been determined as most likely to be exposed to blood or body fluids. Included are special education personnel, nurses, custodians, and elementary school secretaries. See your Blood Borne Pathogen Exposure Control Plan if you are in this category. Your supervisor should have a copy of this plan.
Bloodborne Pathogens. (n.d). In Centers for Disease Control. Retrieved October 4, 2013, from http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/gen.http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/bbp/gen Oklahoma State University Environmental Health & Safety Department. “Bloodborne Pathogen Training.” Oklahoma State University Environmental Health & Safety Department. PowerPoint. 2012. 2 October 2013. http://ehsokstate.edu/modules/bbp/ OSHA’s Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. (n.d.). In OSHA.Gov. Retrieved October 21, 2013, from https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_BloodborneFacts/bbfact01.pdf.https://www.osha.gov/OshDoc/data_BloodborneFacts/