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An Era of Nationalism.

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Presentation on theme: "An Era of Nationalism."— Presentation transcript:

1 An Era of Nationalism

2 Focus Question How did domestic and foreign policy reflect the nationalism of the times? Protective Tariffs Supreme Court decisions that strengthened the national government Acquiring Florida Monroe Doctrine Missouri Compromise

3 Note Taking: Reading Skill: Understand Effects

4 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policy
Henry Clay American System Protective tariff Build roads and canals to tie the different regions into a harmonious whole Reestablish a Bank of US

5 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies
James Monroe, the nation's fifth president, embarked on a goodwill tour through the North A renewal of national unity, called the times the "Era of Good Feelings." It was a time of few factional disputes

6 Nationalism Shapes Domestic Policies
The spirit of nationalism was apparent in a series of landmark Supreme Court decisions Established national supremacy over the states Extended the nation's boundaries and protected its shipping and commerce

7 Marshall and the Supreme Court
Headed by Chief Justice John Marshall Made several key decisions that strengthened the federal government More than the framers, he molded the development of the Const.

8 Marshall and the Supreme Court
The “necessary and proper”, “elastic” clause Does a state have the power to tax a branch of the Bank of the United States? First tested in McCulloch v. Maryland Bank of the US was subject to a tax by the state of Maryland The bank manager (McCulloch) refused to pay Maryland argued that the Constitution doesn’t mention banks and therefore banks are not allowed to be created by Congress

9 Marshall and the Supreme Court
“The power to tax involves the power to destroy," States do not have the right to exert an independent check on the authority of the federal government

10 Marshall and the Supreme Court
Gibbons v. Ogden Commerce Clause Overturned a New York law that had awarded a monopoly over steamboat traffic on the Hudson River Freed the transportation system from restraints by the states

11 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs
In an effort to strengthen the US position in foreign policy Pres announces the Monroe Doctrine The US would not become involved in the internal affairs of European countries

12 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs
The US would not permit any further colonization of the Western Hemisphere Top Ten most important Foreign Policy Decisions!

13 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs
Those who have used the principle: 1836 manifest destiny (Pres Polk) Texas/West 1842 Hawaii 1900’s Roosevelt Corollary 1962 Kennedy Cuban Missile Crisis 1980 Reagan Salvaldor & Grenada

14 Nationalism Influences Foreign Affairs
Adam-Onis Treaty Ended Spanish claims to the vast Pacific Coast Territory and Great Britain agreed to share the territory Showed the impact of nationalism on foreign policy

15 Daily Quiz

16 The Monroe Doctrine stated that
Europe must not try to control any nation in the Western Hemisphere

17 The Supreme Court under Chief Justice Marshall made several decisions that
strengthened the federal government Elastic Clause McCulloch v Maryland Commerce Clause Gibbons vs. Ogden

18 Nation Compromises Over Slavery

19 Missouri Compromise 1819, Congress debated about the admission of Missouri to the United States The issues of the debate was slavery Northwest Ordinance of 1787 established no state NW of Ohio R. could be a slave state

20 Missouri Compromise Henry Clay proposed a compromise
Slavery would not be restricted in Missouri, Maine will be admitted as a free state – keeps the balance of states Territories north of 36 30N latitude in Louisiana Purchase would be closed to slavery


22 Missouri Compromise The crisis over the Missouri Compromise exposed the growing sectionalism over the issue of slavery

23 Daily Quiz

24 According to the Missouri Compromise, slavery would be allowed
in Missouri, but Maine would be admitted as a free state

25 Northern states objected to admitting Missouri as a slave state because
it would increase the power of the southern states in the Senate

26 The crisis over the Missouri Compromise exposed
Growing sectionalism over the issue of slavery

27 Classroom Activity Closure: Inner Outer Circle
Monroe Doctrine & Missouri Compromise Political Cartoon analysis:

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