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The Study Of Language Unit 7 Presentation By: Elham Niakan Zahra Ghana’at Pisheh.

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Presentation on theme: "The Study Of Language Unit 7 Presentation By: Elham Niakan Zahra Ghana’at Pisheh."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Study Of Language Unit 7 Presentation By: Elham Niakan Zahra Ghana’at Pisheh

2 Morphology Morphemes free Lexical Bound Derivational Functional Inflectional Morphology Description Problems In Morphological Description

3 Morphology Definition: Investigating the basic forms in language or the study of forms A better way of looking at linguistics forms in different languages is to use the notion of elements in the message rather than depend on identifying only words.

4 Morpheme Definition: Is a minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function. Unit of grammatical function indicates past tense or plural.

5 Free & Bound Morpheme Morpheme Free Can stand by itself as a single word. Bound can not stand by itself as a singe word.

6 Lexical & Functional Morpheme Morpheme Lexical Set of ordinary nouns, Objectives & verbs can carry the content of the message we convey known as open class of words. Functional Consist of conjunctions, prepositions, articles & pronouns known as closed class of words.

7 Derivational & Inflectional morpheme Morpheme Derivational Are used to make new words or to make words of different grammatical category from the stem. Inflectional Not for making new words, but to indicate aspects of grammatical function of a word.

8 Morphology Description All inflectional morpheme are suffixes which are categorized in this way Noun + -’s, -s Verb + -s, -ing, -ed, -en Adjective + -est, -er They never change grammatical category of a word, however derivational morpheme do this.

9 Problems in morphological description An extremely large number of English words owe their morphological pattern to Latin & Greek. For a full description of English morphology both historical influences & effect of borrowed elements should be considered.

10 Questions 1 – Investigating basic forms in language, which literary means “the study of forms” is generally known as ….. A) Etymology B) Morphology C) Entomology D) Prescriptive Grammar 2 – A minimal unit of meaning or grammatical function in a language is called ….. A) Phoneme B) Phone C) Morpheme D) Stem 3 – All affixes (prefixes & suffixes) in English are ….. A) Free Morpheme B) Bound Morpheme C)Free Stem D) Bound Stem

11 Questions 4 – The actual phonetic realization of morphemes is described as ….. A) Morph B) Allomorph C)Allophone D) Morpheme 5 – The words “ping-pong” and “zigzag” are examples of ….. A) Suppletion B) Reduplication C) Calques D) Clipping 6 – All inflectional morpheme in English are ….. A) Prefixes B) Suffixes C) Infixes D) Affixes

12 Questions 7 – Various realization of the same morpheme is described as ….. A) Allophone B) morphophonemic C) morph D) Allomorph 8 – The words “girl, man, woman, long” exemplify ….. A)Bound Morphemes B) Lexical Morphemes C) Functional Morpheme s D) Bound Stems 9 – A (n) ….. Morpheme does not usually change the grammatical category of word. A) Lexical B) Inflectional C) Derivational D) Morphological

13 Questions 10 – An affix that’s incorporated inside another word is known as A) Suffixes B) Infix C) Prefix D) Stem

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