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CAP reform and livestock Big opportunity Big gains Friends of the Earth ECVC CAP debate October 2010.

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Presentation on theme: "CAP reform and livestock Big opportunity Big gains Friends of the Earth ECVC CAP debate October 2010."— Presentation transcript:

1 CAP reform and livestock Big opportunity Big gains Friends of the Earth ECVC CAP debate October 2010

2 Food sovereignty ‘Food sovereignty is the right of peoples to healthy and culturally appropriate food produced through ecologically sound and sustainable methods, and their right to define their own food and agriculture systems.’ (Declaration of Nyéléni, 2007) In the urban context this means the ability to buy such food sourced locally and regionally from a network of diverse retail outlets and markets, which needs the building the bridges between those who produce and consume food’

3 Why reform livestock? The current system is not working for farmers, citizens or the environment It is undermining food sovereignty in Europe and also in the global south Changing this system can be a win-win-win

4 Farmers Source: IMF Source: Dairy UK

5 Farmers Participation of family farming Brazil – 2006 Source : IBGE AreaEmployed persons In Paraguay 9000 small farmers are displaced every year due to soy production. If area of cultivation expands as predicted another 143,000 would be displaced. Source: BASE-IS 2009

6 Consumers 45,000 – Number of early deaths that can be prevented from switching to diets that contain no more than three meat meals each week in the UK £1.2 billion – Amount that the National Health Service would save from healthier low meat diets Euro 50 Million – Amount spent by EU taxpayer to support the poultry producers confronted to the economic impact of the Asian flu

7 Environment


9 Livestock contributes to food sovereignty “Because of the vast amount of land needed to grow protein for animal feed, its better to grow crops for direct human consumption, and graze animals on the land that's not as productive for crop growth“ John Turner UK farmer

10 Livestock contributes to food sovereignty The peatlands store 3 billion tonnes of carbon across Britain, while 200 million tonnes of carbon are stored in England’s uplands More than 70% of the UK’s drinking water is supplied by upland environments Grazing systems and upland livestock are the backbone of many rural communities and can provide healthy, low input sustainable nutrition

11 CAP - hidden subsidies for intensive farming CAP subsidies are untargeted – decoupling especially historical payments still reward intensive There is still a severe lack of environmental and social safeguards for agricultural production which distorts production decisions and acts as a hidden subsidy for intensive production High protein soy is an ideal as animal feed for factory farms - CAP’s zero import tariffs for feed soy ensured a cheap supply Approx 2/3 of cereals in EU are for animal feed and the cereal market has grown as input for factory farming receiving billions of Euros in DP Prices paid to farmers are structurally low which does not allow investment in more sustainable farming – EU Ag and Food policy does not combat effects of market concentration – Lack of regulation means no control over supply and demand

12 A new path for CAP – Food as human right not commodity Re-localisation of food Do no harm to other countries food systems Healthy low energy foods – less meat Respect global environment Fair conditions and pay for farmers and workers Based on diversity and GM-free More transparency less concentration More education and awareness No industrial bio fuels More than 300 organisations & networks from 27 member states – environment, consumer, poverty, farmers, health, animal welfare, international…

13 A new path for CAP EU on-going targeted subsidies EU market regulation (supply and demand) Fit for purpose global trading system Strong legal basis for food sovereignty and environmental protection + Remunerate social and environmental public goods provided by farmers Ensure fair prices for farmers + sustainable levels of production and consumption Europe and global south has tools to deal with volatility, avoid environmental crises and provide healthy food production

14 New path for livestock Legal baseline: 1.Compulsive rotations with a minimum of three different cultures and 20% protein crops including clover grass 2.A complete stop to and use change of permanent grass land cover 3.Polluter pays principle Targeted subsidies : 1.Limits on payments per farm, reducing as size increases and labour decreases 2.Top ups for organic farming, HNV and emergency payments for uplands at risk of abandonment

15 New path for livestock Market regulation: 1.Regulation of retailer pricing and marketing + greater reference to competition policy to remove monopolies 2.Investigate tools for storage and flows – public intervention / stocks 3.Increase awareness of on how to eat sustainably and healthily + targeted promotion of healthy foods Global trade: 1. Primary focus should be on regional markets and trade in all regions of the EU – create demand for high quality meat and dairy 2. All countries including Europe should be able to protect their agriculture sector with tools most appropriate 3. All trade should be based on environmental and social protection – no global deforestation from EU meat

16 Thank you!

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