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Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN

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Presentation on theme: "Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN"— Presentation transcript:

1 Kepemimpinan Dalam Keperawatan Debie Dahlia, SKp., MHSM., ETN

2 Background Nursing, in any role, is a people business
Nurses are becoming a part of a work group where members spend at least a third of their day interacting with each other Therefore, nurses must be prepared to use interpersonal, leadership, and management skills to be effective in their role as a provider of patient care

3 Management versus Leadership
What Is the Difference Between Management and Leadership? Although the terms management and leadership are frequently interchanged, they do not have the same meaning. A leader selects and assumes the role ; A manager is assigned or appointed to the role

4 Management versus Leadership
Managers have responsibility for organizational goals and the performance of organizational tasks Managers, as a providers of care, supervise a team of people who are working to help patients achieve their defined outcomes Leaders are effective at influencing others

5 The Functions of Management
Management is a problem-oriented process with similarities to the nursing process Management is needed whenever two or more individuals work together toward a common goal The manager coordinates the activities of the group to maintain balance and direction There are generally four functions the manager performs: planning, organizing, directing and controlling

6 What Is Meant by Management Style ?
The management style in nursing practice vary from autocratic to laissez faire style The autocratic manager uses an authoritarian approach to direct the activities of others This individual makes most of the decisions alone without input from other staff members The emphasis on the tasks to be done, with less focus on the individual staff members who perform the tasks.

7 On the other end of the continuum is the laissez-faire manager, who maintains a permissive climate with little direction or control exerted This manager allows staff members to make and implement decisions independently and relinquishes most of his or her power and responsibility to them

8 In the middle of the continuum is the democratic manager
This manager is people-oriented & emphasizes effective group functioning The goals of the group are identified, & manager is perceived as a group member who is also its organizer & who keeps the group moving in the defined direction.

9 In choosing a management style, the manager must decide on levels of control and freedom and then determine which trade-offs are acceptable in each particular situation. Leadership, in contrast, is a way of behaving; it is the ability to cause others to respond, not because they have to but they want to respond. Leadership is needed as much as management for effective group functioning but each role has its place. The leader focuses a group’s efforts on indentifying goals and carrying out the activities needed to reach those goals.

10 According to Mannion (1998), the major differences between Manager
& Leader are: Leaders focuses on effectiveness, and managers focus on efficiency Leader ask what and why, managers ask how Leaders deal with people and relationships, and Managers deal with systems, control, and policies Leaders initiate innovation, and Managers maintain the status quo Leaders look to the horizon, and Managers look to the bottom line

11 Surviving And Thriving As A Leader
The leader must maintain balance The leader must generate self-motivation The leader must work to build self-confidence The leader must listen to his/her constituent The leader must have a positive attitude

12 The Nurse as Leader Professional nurse assume leadership in relationship: With clients With peers With other colleagues With political leaders With public at large To influence change and To enable client to make optimal choices for health

13 The Nurse As Leader Leadership Within the Workplaces
Staff Nurse as Leader Nurse Manager as Leader Nurse executive as Leader Nurse Student as Leader Leadership in the Community

14 Leadership is what gives nursing its vision and its abilities to transform clients’ health.
This transformation occurs through the leaders’ translation of vision into reality with clients. In the transformational, the nurse leader is the coordinator of communication.

15 Leadership in relation with client Transformational Leadership
Sharing of power rather than the wielding of power by the nurse over the client Both participants influence each other

16 Role of the Professional Nurse as Patient care Managers/Leaders
Nurse enters Relationship Assessment Nursing diagnoses Planning Evaluation Implementing Intervention

17 Peran dan Fungsi Kepemimpinan Dalam Manajemen Keperawatan
Planning Organizing Staffing Directing Controlling

18 Leadership Roles in Planning
Assesses the organization internal & external environment Demonstrates visionary, innovative, and creative thinking in organizational Influences and inspires group members Periodically completes value clarification to increase self-awareness

19 Encourages subordinates toward value clarification by actively listening and providing feedback
Communicates and clarifies organizational goals and values to subordinates Encourages subordinates to be involved in policy formation, policies, procedures, and rules

20 Leadership Roles With Organizational Structure
Evaluates the organizational structure frequently to determine if management position can be eliminated to reduce the chain of command Encourage employees to follow the chain of command Supports personnel in advisory (staff) positions Models responsibility and accountability for subordinates

21 Assists nursing staff to see how their roles are congruent with and complement the common organizational task Facilities informal group structure Encourages upward communication Counsels employees who do not follow chain of command Uses committees to facilitate group goals, not delay decisions

22 Leadership Roles in Organizing Patient Care
Periodically evaluates the effectiveness of the organizational structure for the delivery of patient care Determines if adequate resources and support exist before making any change Examines the human element in work redesign and supports personnel during adjustment to change Inspires the work group toward a team effort

23 Examines the unit philosophy to ensure it supports any changes in patient care delivery system
Uses scientific research to support changes in nursing care delivery model Ensures that nursing care delivery model advances the professional nursing

24 Staffing Plans for future staffing needs proactively
Uses the interview process as a means to promote the organization’s image Periodically review induction and orientation programs to ascertain they are meeting until needs Ensures that each new employee understands appropriate organizational policies

25 Infuses a team spirit among employees
Serves as a role model to all employees and a mentor to select employees Observes carefully for signs of knowledge or skill deficit in new employees and intervenes appropriately

26 Directing Recognizes each worker as a unique individual
Maintains a positive and enthusiastic image as a role model to subordinates Demonstrates through actions and words a belief in subordinates that they desire to meet organizational goals Understands and appropriately uses the informal communication network in the organization 5. Appropriately observes and interprets verbal and nonverbal communication of followers

27 Controlling Encourages followers to be actively involved in the quality control process Uses control as a method of determining why goals were not met Supports/actively participates in research efforts to identify and measure “nursing-sensitive” patient outcomes Uses the appraisal process to motivate employees and promote growth

28 Develops employee trust by being honest and fair when evaluating performance
Provides ongoing support to employee attempting to correct performance deficiencies

29 Be A Good Leader and Manager
Thank You Be A Good Leader and Manager

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