Presentation on theme: "Classroom Introduction to “Portable Fire Extinguishers”"— Presentation transcript:
1 Classroom Introduction to “Portable Fire Extinguishers” with special attention toMotor Carrier Considerations for the Waste IndustryFairfax County Solid Waste Management Program
2 OBJECTIVES: After this training you should be able to: 1OBJECTIVES: After this training you should be able to:IDENTIFY causes of trash truck firesAPPLY immediate action stepsEVALUATE when it is safe to fight an “early-stage” vehicle fire, and;APPLY the “P.A.S.S. method tooperate your portable extinguisher.
3 Trash Truck fires usually start in one of three places: 2Trash Truck fires usually start in one of three places:CABElectrical shorts under dash, often caused by improperly installed (unauthorized ) accessoriesDiscarded cigarettes igniting trash or upholsteryENGINE COMPARTMENTFuel or oil system leaks onto hot enginePre-trip inspection, and proper maintenanceCARGO AREA - COMPACTORHot ashes discarded in household refuseHazardous Material reactions in collected refuse
4 IMMEDIATE ACTION: If vehicle catches fire during operation: 3IMMEDIATE ACTION: If vehicle catches fire during operation:IN A SAFE LOCATION !PULL ENTIRELY OFF THE ROADInto a paved parking lot, or open fieldNEVER at a gas station!CONTACT YOUR DISPATCHERCALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT!
5 FIRE IN CAB: TURN OFF THE IGNITION! Stops flow of current to equipment 4TURN OFF THE IGNITION!Stops flow of current to equipmentEXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fireEXTINGUISH THE FIRE ONLY IF:1) You know what is burning, and fire is small / contained.2) Extinguisher is available and you have been trained3) Fire Department has been called, and you can fight the firefrom outside of the cab or with your back to a clear exit.
6 FIRE IN ENGINE COMPARTMNENT: 5FIRE IN ENGINE COMPARTMNENT:TURN OFF THE IGNITION!Stops flow of current to equipmentEXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fireDO NOT OPEN THE HOOD!(air intensifies fire!)KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY!until the Fire Department arrives
7 FIRE IN CARGO COMPARTMNENT 6FIRE IN CARGO COMPARTMNENTTURN OFF THE IGNITION!Stops flow of current to equipmentEXIT THE CAB! Identify the source of smoke or fireDO NOT open cargo doors(air intensifies fire!)KEEP CREW and BYSTANDERS AWAY!until the Fire Department arrives
8 DO NOT FIGHT A FIRE IF: You don’t know what is burning! 7 Wrong extinguisher can make things worseRisk of toxic fumes, explosion hazardsNote NFPA labels or placards in discarded refuse. If in doubt, tag and leave any questionable materials at the curb!
9 COMMON FIRE CLASSIFICATIONS 8COMMON FIRE CLASSIFICATIONS“Ordinary” combustiblesPaper, wood, rubber, plastics and textiles.“Flammable liquids”Oil, gasoline, solvents“Energized circuits”Electrical equipmentand computers
10 Extinguishers Approved for Motor Carrier Use Under NFPA-10 9Extinguishers Approved for Motor Carrier Use Under NFPA-10MULTI-PURPOSE RATEDeither orCO2 orDry Chemical
11 C02 - Rated DISPERSES QUICKLY! Best on burning liquids / electrical 10C RatedBest on burning liquids / electricalSHORT range - 3 to 8 ft.10- pound unit empties in 5 to 10 seconds!Use short spurts!DISPERSES QUICKLY!Continue applying after the fire is out!Nozzle / valve get VERY cold - hold properly
12 DRY CHEMICAL Best for general use: Reduced risk of re-ignition 11DRY CHEMICALBest for general use:Reduced risk of re-ignitionA 10 lb. unit empties in 8-10 secs.Effective range is 6 ft. to 15 ft.EitherOr
13 Extinguisher Common features 12Extinguisher Common featuresLocking pinCarrying handle / operating leverPressure gaugeLabel :Type (Water, C02, Dry Chemical)Classification (A, B, C)NFPA capacity RatingInstructionsDischarge nozzle or horn
14 Extinguisher Inspection Is Part of your Pre-Trip! 13Extinguisher Inspection Is Part of your Pre-Trip!Unobstructed accessProtective cover, safety pinGage - in the GREEN zoneInspect discharge hoseand nozzle for cracks, damageNo corrosion on valve or tankBracket, securely mountedCheck inspection tag date
15 14Remember the P(t)ASS word: Don’t fight an engine or cargo area fire with a portable extinguisher! Exit the cab, stand well clear and WAIT for the fire department to arrive. If a cab fire is small and contained, stand at least 6 to 8 feet from the fire, with your back to a clear exit., then:
21 OK, It’s out… Now What? WATCH the fire area 20OK, It’s out… Now What?WATCH the fire areaIf the fire flares up again repeat!If you can’t control the fire, LEAVE immediately!Call the fire department to inspect the area!Recharge or replace any used fire extinguisher!