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Institute for the Development of Social Serivces Warsaw, Poland Main objectives and acitivities in the EQUAL funded project: „Searching for a Polish model of the Social Economy”
The Institute for the Development of Social Services Created in 1998 by Dr. Joanna Staręga-Piasek, formerly a minister in the Ministry of Labour. An independent research and educational institution founded as a department of the Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, currently a private institution. Three main areas of work: 1. Research: social policy, social services, the welfare state; 2. Publication: 3 journals, a book series (Ex Libris); 3. Training and education: trained over 7 000 social service employees since 1998. Participates in a wide range of projects, both national and international.
Changing face of social services Examples of IRSS projects: 1. „Chance: preparing unemployed women (over 50) to become care service providers”. 2. „Searching for a Polish model of the social economy” 3. „Rescaling of social welfare policies: a comparative study on the path toward multi-level governance in Europe” 4. „VISION I: Volunteerism and social services: teaming up to tackle social exclusion in the 21st century”
Project II: social economy Title: SEARCHING FOR A POLISH MODEL OF THE SOCIAL ECONOMY Project run in partnership with: Association for the Forum of Non- government Initiatives, Bank BISE, Civil Society Development Foundation, Foundation for Social and Economic Initiatives, UNDP, Klon/Jawor Association, the Ministry of Labour, the Network of Information and Support for Non-government Organisations SPLOT. Funding: European Social Fund, EQUAL Initiative. Website: www.es.ekonomiaspoleczna.plwww.es.ekonomiaspoleczna.pl Objective: - increase employment capacity in the third sector, - encourage the growth of social entprises, - prepare social workers to offer more active employment activization programmes.
Project aims and results AIMS: 1. Transfer of knowledge and best practices; 2. Provide an educational programme for social workers on the social economy; 3. Increase the use of employment activization programmes in social welfare centres; 4. Increase employment of people facing social exclusion. RESULTS: 1.Publish 2 issues of the quarterly, Social Work, devoted to social economy issues 2.Train 300 social workers and develop a permanent educational programme on the social economy; 3.A support network for social workers; 4.Evaluate the state of social services and their capacity to implement social economy methods; 5.Recommendations for the changes/reforms of the social services system.
Organisational Structure of Social Services in Poland: Regional Centre for Social Policy – 16 Centre for Family Support (Poviat level) – 380 Social Welfare Centres (local level) – 2489+ Ministry of Labour and Social Policy Social Policy Department in the Voivoid Office – 16
Unemployment rate in 1990- 2006
The percentage of the unemployed population according the period of being unemployed in 1993-2006
Poverty rate in 1990- 2005 according to 5 poverty lines
The number of social assistance clients in 1991- 2005
The percentage of social assistance clients in the population of Poland in 1990-2005
The reasons of reciving benefits in1999-2005 (number of persons in families that received benefits)
Social economy and social services Social economy as a tool for employment promotion: Welfare benefits for economic independence Social cooperatives Centres for Social Integration Social Economy as a tool for building social capital: Time banks „Social Integration Clubs” The Centre of local activation The social economy can strengthen and improve social service work designed to: 1. develop self-help/community development projects, 2. increase employment opportunities.
Developing a social economy The situation in Poland: Economic growth has not produced comparable growth in employment indicators; Social policy has focused on welfare benefits; Increasing employment has not been considered a strategic social policy; The largest groups of unemployed: rural regions (employees of collective farms) and university graduates; Social economy is considered an altnernative approach to increasing employment; Increasing role of NGO’s in social services provision. Poland in statistics: Around 52 000 NGO’s are registered. The third sector employs ~0.8% of the labour force (compared to: 11.5% in Ireland, 6.8% in France, 9.8% in USA). 2/3 of NGO’s do not hire paid personnel, average salary is 1 600zł/month (~412Euro). Between 2001-2003, number of volunteers grew by 7.7%.
The legal background 1.The Act on Social Services (March 2004 2.The Act on Public Benefits Work and Volunteers (April 2003). 3.The Act on Social Employment (June 2003): created „Centres for Social Integration” and „Social Integration Clubs”. 4.The Act on Promotion of Employment and Labour Market Institutions (April 2004): start-up funding for setting up a business. 5.The Act on Social Cooperatives (July 2006): created legal standards for social cooperatives. Social economy inspired methods/tools are being increasingly incorporated into legislation regulating social services, but capitalizing on social economy methods in social work requires appropriate training and educational programmes.
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