Presentation on theme: "Augusta County Schools Playground Safety Training:"— Presentation transcript:
1 Augusta County Schools Playground Safety Training:
2 Playground Safety Facts In the United States, an average of 250,000 playground related injuries and 17 playground related deaths are reported each year.44% of playground injuries result from inadequate supervision that contribute to playground injuriesMost playground injuries occur within the first five minutes of the children's arrival.79% Of injuries are the result of falls.
3 Three safety components Safe equipmentPlayground maintenanceGood supervisory practices
4 Safe EquipmentGuidelines for planning and purchasing playground equipment are found in the handbook.
6 Fall / Use ZoneFall or use zone means the area underneath a piece of equipment and surrounding the equipment far enough to include a child’s trajectory in the event of a fall.
7 Critical HeightBased on tests, 9 inches of compressed Engineered Wood Fiber will protect a child on equipment up to 10 feet in height.Twelve inches will protect a child on equipment up to 11 feet in height.
8 Resilient Surfacing Where playground equipment is provided, resilient surfacing shallcomply with minimumsafety standards…Afall zone shallencompass sufficientarea to include the child’strajectory in the event of afall while the equipment isin use.
9 Resilient SurfacingShould be at a minimum of 9-12 inches of Wood chips (engineered wood fiber). Refer to playground handbook.
10 Use/Fall Zone ~ Slides Six feet on all sides Four feet plus the height of the slide in front of the slide chutea six foot high sliding board requires a 10 foot use zone
11 Use/Fall Zone ~ SwingsThe basic use zone is 6 feet, however, for swings, the use zone is twice the height of the swing beam in the front and back6 foot beam = 12 or 24 foot use zone8 foot beam = 16 or 32 foot use zone
12 EntrapmentHead entrapment occurs when the body fits through a space but the child’s head cannot pass through the same space.Young children’s heads are larger than their bodies.
13 EntrapmentPlay equipment used by children shall meet the following requirements:1. Openings above the ground or floor which allow a 3.5 inch by rectangle to fit through shall also allow a nine-inch circle to fit through;
14 Measuring Entrapment Spaces The torso of a small child can pass through a 3.5 X 6.25 inch opening
15 Measuring Entrapment Spaces The head of a child can pass through a 9 inch circular opening.
16 “S” HooksS-hooks, where provided, may not be open more than the thickness of a dime;
17 SUPERVISIONWhen staff are supervising children, they shall always ensure their care, protection and guidance. –See Playground Handbook
18 Safe equipment is not enough because equipment does not supervise children
19 Active Supervision Means: Clear lines of sightScan the area every 20 secondsMove around and actively monitor behavior
20 Playground Supervision To Ensure Supervision: Have a planActive, not passive supervisionEstablish rules of safe play or safe conductAnticipate: behavior before it occurs
21 A PLAN MEANS:Your School has a written playground safety plan-see HandbookThe staff should know and follow the plan
22 Simple Playground Rules Stay in your own spaceMake room for othersLook before you leapChips stays on the groundWalk between the swings and slideUse the slide ladderRespect each otherTake turns
23 ANTICIPATE MEANS: Stop unsafe behavior immediately: Bullying Improper use of equipmentThe “mad” dashUnsafe clothing such as drawstrings on hoods
24 Anticipate: Children running ahead of the main group Late arriving childrenTransitions:Going out to or coming in from the playgroundRestroom locationVisually sweep a new area upon arrivalMoving from area to area
25 Playground SAFEty Summary S = SupervisionA = Age AppropriateF = Fall zones/SurfacingE = Equipment Maintained