FIRST CERTIFICATE PRACTICE GRADE 11
INDIRECT SPEECH FIRST CERTIFICATE PRACTICE GRADE 11
INDIRECT SPEECH When you want to report what someone else said or asked, you can: a. Quote that person´s words (Direct Speech): Simón said “I went to Iquique.” b. Use Indirect Speech: Simón said he had gone to Iquique. Tenses are moved into the past after a past tense reporting verb. The past perfect remains the same.
Direct & Indirect Speech
“I am ill.” “They are studying Math.” “Simón has come back from Iquique.” “I can´t come to the party.” “I want to go away for a holiday but I don't know where to go.” She said she was ill. She said they were studying Math. She said Simón had come back from Iquique. He said he couldn´t come to the party. He said he wanted to go away for a holiday but he didn't know where to go.
Direct & Indirect Speech
“Will you marry me?” asked Carolina. “You have been working too hard.” “I may join you later.” “You must quit smoking.” She asked him if he would marry her. She said I had been working too hard. She said she might join us later. She said I had to quit smoking.
REFERENCE WORDS Some words referring to people, places and time change in indirect speech, because the point of reference changes. “I´ll see you here tomorrow, Coni,” said Fernanda. Fernanda told Coni she would see her there the next day. “I gave you this yesterday,” Javiera said to Ester. Javiera said she had given that to her the day before.
EMBEDDED QUESTIONS “Where is the restroom?”
These are questions introduced by polite phrases. Notice the word order. “Where is the restroom?” “Could you tell me where the restroom is? In indirect speech, the polite question becomes a reporting verb. I asked him where the restroom was.
REPORTING VERBS The most common reporting verbs are say, tell and ask.
However, there are many others that can help us be more precise in the information we want to report. In this presentation you will get to know these verbs and you will learn how to use them
REPORTING VERBS Advise so. to do sth.
My teacher advised me to do some extra work. Apologize (to so.) for doing sth. He apologized (to me) for being late. Accuse so. of doing sth. Are you accusing me of lying? Agree to do sth. We agreed to do the work after school. Accept to do sth. – They accepted to play with us in the volleyball match.
REPORTING VERBS Congratulate so. on doing sth.
I congratulated Gabi on improving so much. Deny doing sth. He denied having lied to me. Explain (to so) that + clause Jay explained to me that she wouldn't be on time for the class. Offer to do sth. Isabel offered to help me. Persuade so. to do sth. Camila persuaded them to go with her.
REPORTING VERBS Promise to do sth /so. that + clause
He promised to marry me. He promised me that he would marry me. Refuse to do sth. She refused to work with him. Remind so. to do sth I reminded him to call me tonight.
REPORTING VERBS Suggest doing sth / that + clause
Cata suggested going to McDonalds. Cata suggested that we went to McDonalds. Warn so. to do / not to do sth I warned them not to cheat in the test.
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