4 The New England Colonies The Puritans and the Pilgrims united and formed the colony of MassachusettsThe colony of Connecticut was founded by Thomas Hooker. He believed that the leaders where becoming to powerful in Massachusetts.Rhode Island was found by Roger WilliamsThe final colony was New Hampshire
5 Life in Colonial England Most New Englanders were:FarmersTradeSailing and by the seaThey used ships called schooners were used to catch codThey also were known for whalingThey used the whales for oilBoston was the largest city in the New England colonies.
6 Life in Colonial New England Schooling was very important to New Englanders.They believed that children should be able to read so they can read the Bible.Massachusetts past a law about public education in 1647.The law said every town with 50 families or more must have a school.
7 The Middle ColoniesThe middle colonies unlike the other colonies had settlers from all different countries:EuropeGermanyHollandSwedenHenry Hudson explored the waterway called the Hudson River.The Dutch built a settlement called New Amsterdam.New Amsterdam then became New York when it was attacked by the English.The English also took New Sweden from the Dutch and called it New Jersey.
8 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania William Penn a Quaker discovered Pennsylvania.The Quakers had limited rights.They did not belong to the Church of England.They were peace loving people.They believed in NO WAR.Penn was given land by King Charles II and Penn said this land would be used as a “FREE COLONY”.Penn was also given the colony of Delaware
9 The Middle Colony Of Pennsylvania Founded in 1682 by PennBecame a special place of freedomPeople earned a trial by juryAll people had the same rights in Pennsylvania
10 Life in the Middle Colonies People lived on large farms far apart from each other.Families home schooled their children.The farms produced grains such as corn and wheat.They were known as the “Breadbasket of America”.Beaver fur was common for trade.
11 The Southern Colonies Lord Baltimore founded the colony of Maryland. Maryland was the first colony to pass a law granting religious freedom.It was called the Act of TolerationGeorgia was not a colony of religious freedom.Georgia was used as a refuge for prisoners.The prisoners were poor people who could not afford to pay their debt.Georgia then became a colony where people could work of their debt and gain a new start.
12 The Southern ColoniesThe Carolinas were discovered and divided in the North and South because of large settlement populations.Virginia was one of the last colonies.They came for religious freedomThey came for a chance to prosper.
13 Farms and Plantations in the Southern Colonies The farms produced large plantations of rice and tobacco.The big plantations were started along rivers on the coast.There were no established schools. Children were taught skill and craft.