Presentation on theme: " The entry of the United States gave the Allied Powers a huge boost. US soldiers were fresh, armed, and NOT fatigued… this led to the Allied victory."— Presentation transcript:
The entry of the United States gave the Allied Powers a huge boost. US soldiers were fresh, armed, and NOT fatigued… this led to the Allied victory in WWI Germany was the last of the Central Powers to drop out. On November 11, 1918 an armistice, or agreement to stop fighting was declared. 11/11/1918 at 11 am
The Allied Powers, upset with the destruction insisted that the Central Powers pay war reparations (payments for war damage) In January of 1919, the victorious Allied Powers met at the French Palace of Versailles Here the Big Three met and created the Treaty of Versailles US President Woodrow Wilson / English Prime Minister David Lloyd George / French leader Georges Clemenceau
Land was taken away from Germany, and some of this land was used to create the new country of Poland. Germany had to return some land to the French Germany’s army and navy were now limited, and monitored. (No Submarines and No Air Force) Germany had to accept full responsibility for the war, and pay huge war reparations … This ANGERED the people of Germany.
U.S. Wilson drew up 14 points to achieve a lasting peace Idea of self determination, allowing people to decide what government they wish to live under The Treaty of Versailles also created an organization called the League of Nations
A group of over 40 countries that would settle problems through negotiation and diplomacy, NOT through war. Although the idea was President Woodrow Wilson’s the U.S.A. did not join. Many Americans thought that participating in it would bring the U.S. into further European wars. (Sticking our noses where it doesn’t belong…USA is not in Europe) Without USA participation, the League was not strong.
As a result of WWI, Austria-Hungary’s government collapsed. Austria-Hungary became Austria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Yugoslavia Poland was created after WWI. The Ottoman Empire collapsed, and became the country of Turkey. Finland, Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia all were created in the Slavic East.