Presentation on theme: "Effective Collaboration"— Presentation transcript:
1 Effective Collaboration Define rolesDevelop a ScheduleEnsure that each team member’s role in the classroom is clear to everyone, including the students.Clearly define and articulate the paraeducator’s role in supporting instruction and behavior managementTake into consideration specific skills with which paraeducators feel comfortableEnsure that both the teacher and the paraeducator have a schedule of the activities that will occur during a class period or dayOr give all team member’s a copy of lesson plans- highlight the activities or areas in which they will be responsible
2 Strategies Know Instructional methods Be Aware of Student CharacteristicsIf the paraeducator is expected to provide support in a specific way, the teacher should ensure that the paraeducator is familiar with the method required and is comfortable in its useProfessional Development may be required to effectively carry out their rolesTeacher’s should help to provide paraeducators with resources and necessary skillsBoth team members should be aware of the academic and social needs of the students with whom they workParaeducators should be aware of IEP’sCommunication on a daily basis regarding student needs is importantConfidentiality laws
3 Strategies Share responsibility Share Classroom Experiences Open communicationRegularly and consistently share observations and experiences they have had with students during the day or periodEnsure that each team member is working with all student’s equallyNo students should spend a majority of time with only the paraeducator
4 Additional Strategies Communicate that you are a teamBe proactive regarding classroom and behavior managementBe aware of how you communicateDiscuss the issue of confidentialityUse a collaborative problem solving process
5 ReferencesDevlin, P., (2008) Create Effective Teacher- Paraprofessional Teams. Intervention in School and Clinic : cuments/Tchr-ParaCollaboration.pdf
6 Roles and Responsibility TeacherParaeducatorAreas of CommunicationInstruction Plan all instruction, including small group activities Provide instruction in whole-class settings. Work with small groups of students on specific tasks, including review or re-teaching of content Work with one student at a time to provide intensive instruction or remediation on a concept or skill Teachers provide specific content and guidance about curriculum, students, and instructional materials Paraeducators note student progress and give feedback to teachersCurriculum & Lesson Plan Development Develop all lesson plans and instructional materials1 Ensure alignment with standards, student needs, and IEPs Provide assistance in development of classroom activities, retrieval of materials, and coordination of activities Mutual review of lesson plan components prior to class Teachers provide guidance about specific instructional methodsClassroom Management Develop and guide class-wide management plans for behavior and classroom structures Develop and monitor individual behavior management plans Assist with the implementation of class-wide and individual behavior management plans Monitor hallways, study hall, & other activities outside normal class Teachers provide guidance about specific behavior management strategies & student characteristics Paraeducators note student progress & activities and give feedback to teachers
7 Develop and monitor individual behavior management plans Classroom Management Develop and guide class-wide management plans for behavior and classroom structures Develop and monitor individual behavior management plans Assist with the implementation of class-wide and individual behavior management plans Monitor hallways, study hall, & other activities outside normal class Teachers provide guidance about specific behavior management strategies & student characteristics Paraeducators note student progress & activities and give feedback to teachersAccommodations & Modifications Determine (with IEP team) proper accommodations for students with disabilities Incorporate accommodations into all lesson plans Develop modified materials Guided by teacher and IEP, provide appropriate accommodations to material (enlarged print, taking notes, reading material aloud) Teachers guide paraeducators in the use of specific adaptations and ensure that paraeducators are aware of IEP goals and adaptations Paraeducators provide feedback about student progress and success of adaptations
8 Current Issues Surrounding Paraeducators PrivatizationParaprofessional Requirements under NCLB –Title I schoolsParaprofessional TrainingEffective Collaboration in the ClassroomUtilization of Paraprofessionals in Inclusive Schools
9 Resources for Teachers and Paraeducators National Resource Center for Paraprofessionals. If paraprofessionals are your training concern, or you ARE a paraprofessional, the NRC for Paras is for you. It publishes six different paraprofessional training manuals, including the Core Curriculum for Paraprofessionals. The goal of these instructional materials is to provide personnel developers and trainers with resources they can use to improve the performance of their paraeducator workforce. Here are some of the other resources you’ll find at the NRC, too.State Resources, which will connect you with state-developed regulations and resources for paras.The State of the Art Report, which provides an overview of how federal, state and local education agencies have addressed issues that influence the roles, preparation, and supervision of paraeducators.A Message Board for paraprofessionals.Books and manuals: Materials on and for paraeducators, all available at low-cost.Project EVOLVE. Project EVOLVE is an OSEP-funded project that’s generated a wealth of resources, including the paraprofessional literature from and A Guide to Schoolwide Planning for Paraeducator Supports.Paraeducator Resource and Learning Center (PRLC). The PRLC provides information for paraeducators about six important topics: Collaborative Teamwork, Inclusive Education, Families and Cultural Sensitivity, Characteristics of Children and Youth with Various Disabilities, Roles and Responsibilities of Paraeducators and Other Team Members, and Implementing Teacher-planned Instruction.
10 Resources ContinuedCEC’s standards for paraprofessionals. CEC is the Council for Exceptional Children. Its Parability: The CEC Paraeducator Standards Workbook includes CEC Standards for Paraeducators, a Code of Ethics of Paraeducators, and two tools that can be used by district personnel, principals, trainers, and paraeducators to ensure that paraeducators meet the CEC Standards. The product number is #P5691 , cost is $10.95 ($12.95 for non-CEC members). To order, call toll-free |ParaEducator Learning Network This network helps school systems address paraeducator training needs via an e-learning program currently offering over 115 courses in a wide range of areas. A service center, district, or school starts the process by subscribing to the network services, purchasing individual “seats” for trainees ($75/seat). This gives the trainees access to the online training modules. Read all about it at the link below.Project PARA. Project PARA conducts research and develops training materials for paraeducators and teachers who supervise them. The project provides web-based self-study programs that offer school districts resources to provide introductory training for paraeducators and/or the teachers who supervise them. These resources are offered free of charge to schools and teacher training programs. Participating schools provide an instructor or mentor who manages their own self study participants.National Clearinghouse for Paraeducator Resources. The Clearinghouse offers a variety of resources including a focus on supporting paraeducators of culturally diverse backgrounds.