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The Electoral Process Chapter 7.

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Presentation on theme: "The Electoral Process Chapter 7."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Electoral Process Chapter 7

2 How does one get to run office????

3 What steps do you think a person needs to do in order to run for any public office position in the U.S. (including President)?

4 The Nominating Process
Nomination- the naming of those who will seek office

5 5 Ways to Nominate a Candidate
Self-announcement Caucus Convention Direct primary petition

6 1. Self Announcement Oldest form of nomination
1st used in colonial times The person who wants to run for office just announces that they will run Can also be in the form of a write in

7 2. Caucus A group of like minded people who select the candidate they will support 1st appeared in 1720 Still used today in New England for local elections

8 3. The Convention Came into use after the caucus method collapsed
1st used in 1831 Today all major parties use the convention to nominate candidates for President and other offices

9 How the Convention Works
Members meet in a local caucus to pick candidates and delegates At the state or national convention those delegates chose who will be the parties nominees

10 4. The Direct Primary Election held within a party to select a candidate for the general election 1st used in 1903 Most states have primaries in which the people choose their candidates 1) Open Primary- any voter can cast a ballot 2) Close Primary- only party members can vote 3) Blanket Primary- ever voter receives the same ballot (no longer used as of 2000)

11 Reasons for Closed Primary
Prevents “party raiding” one party casting votes for another parties weaker candidate Makes candidates more responsive to the party and platform Makes voters more thoughtful in casting a vote

12 Critics of Closed Primaries
Takes away from the secrecy of the ballot Excludes independent voters

13 5. Petition Candidates are nominated by getting signatures from registered voters

14 Elections 1st Tuesday following the 1st Monday in November every even numbered year (date set by Congress) Must use secret ballots



17 Early Voting Absentee voting- voter apply for absentee ballots and mail in their results by a certain deadline * Was created to help the elderly and ill * Today anyone can apply for a absentee ballot Some states allow voters to vote a few days ahead of the election date

18 E-Voting Casting a ballot via the internet 1st used in 1997
Worries of hackers, jammed lines, blocked access, fraud, viruses have kept online voting from becoming popular

19 Barrack Obama Video Questions:
1. How are votes counted at the Democratic Caucus in Iowa? 2. What happens if a candidate receives less than 15% of the vote? 3. Which candidate wins the New Hampshire primary? 4. What happens on Super Tuesday?

20 Chapter 7 Review Money and Elections

21 Money & Elections Running for public office takes lots of MONEY $$$$$
No one knows the true amount of how much is spent on elections

22 Sources of Funding Private & Public sources:
1) small contributor: as little as $5.00 may be donated 2) wealthy individuals 3) Candidates (Ross Perot spent 65 million of his own money in 1992) 4) Political Action Committees (PACs)- special interest groups who have a stake in elections 5) Fundraisers

23 Regulating Campaign Finance
Unlawful for corporations or banks to make contributions in any election Corporations, banks and labor unions can not donate money in Federal Elections Federal Election Committee- administers the laws of election finance

24 Limits on Contributions
No person or group can make a donation in another persons name Cash gifts over $100 are not allowed No contributions from a foreign source Anything over $200 must be identified and dated Anything over $5,000 is reported to the FEC no later than 48hours after it is received

25 No person can give more than $2,000 to any federal candidate
No one can give more than 5,000 to a political action committee No one can give more than $25,000 to national party committee

26 Revenue Act of 1971 When you file taxes one can contribute $3.00 to the Presidential campaign Money goes to pay for national conventions and the campaign process

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