Presentation on theme: "Reading and The Role of Technology Effective Reading Instruction Presented by Davida West and Mariella Brenlla Summarized from the National Institute for."— Presentation transcript:
Reading and The Role of Technology Effective Reading Instruction Presented by Davida West and Mariella Brenlla Summarized from the National Institute for Literacy Publication, “Put Reading First: The Research Building Blicks for Teaching Children to Read” Adapted bu: Eileen Pracek, FDLRS/TECH, 6.02
The Five Keys of Reading Phonemic Awareness Phonics Vocabulary Reading Comprehension Fluency
Phonemic Awareness Hear, identify, and manipulate sounds of spoken words. Knowing that words are made up of sounds
Recognizes word with odd sound in a set of words. CategorizationIdentity Recognizes same sounds in different words. Isolation Recognizes individual sounds in words. Phoneme Blending Combines sequence of sounds into a single word. Segmentation Breaks a word into separate sounds. Phonemic Awareness
Requires recognizing individual sounds in words… For example… Tell me the first sound in paste. /p/ Phoneme Isolation
Phonemic Awareness Phoneme Identity Requires recognizing the common sound in different words… For example… Tell me the sound that is the same in bike, boy, and bell. /b/
Phonemic Awareness Phoneme Categorization Requires recognizing the word with the odd sound in a sequence of three or four words… For example… Which word does not belong? Bus, bun, rug rug
Phonemic Awareness Phoneme Blending Requires listening to a sequence of separately spoken sounds and combining them to form a recognizable word. For example… What word is /s/ /k/ /u/ /l/? school
Phonemic Awareness Phoneme Segmentation Requires breaking a word into its sounds by tapping out or counting the sounds or by pronouncing and positioning a marker for each sound. For example… Tell me all the sounds in the word mop. /m/ /o/ /p/
Phonics Know relationship between letters of written language and sounds of spoken language. The links between sounds and letters.
Phonics Identify useful series of sounds Which of these letters combine to create a word? L G E X Identify the sounds that make the word.
Phonics Teach them in a logical sequence LEG GEL L G E X Have the child order them using both vision and auditory skills.
Phonics Apply sounds to reading and writing Blend letters into reading and writing. Will the child be able to recognize the word in a passage? And then he awoke to find the howling real. There was a great snarling and yelping. The wolves were rushing him. They were all about him and upon him. The teeth of one had closed upon his arm. Instinctively he leaped into the fire, and as he leaped, he felt the sharp slash of teeth that tore through the flesh of his leg. Then began a fire fight. His stout mittens temporarily protected his hands, and he scooped live coals into the air in all directions, until the campfire took on the semblance of a volcano. White Fang by Jack London
Vocabulary Words used to communicate effectively or use/recognize in print What words mean and how to say them.
What is vocabulary really? Vocabulary refers to the words we must know to communicate effectively. Oral vocabulary - words we use in speaking or recognize in listening. Reading vocabulary - words we recognize or use in print.
Indirect Instruction Teach use of dictionaries, glossaries, thesauruses, how to use word parts, and context clues. Direct Instruction Students engage in oral language, listen to adults read to them, and read extensively on their own. Teach individual words and word learning strategies.
Fluency Read text accurately, quickly, at an appropriate pace.
Bridge Between Word Recognition and Comprehension Increase practice through audiotapes, peer guidance, tutors, “use of technology”
Fluency Provide models of fluent reading Rhythm Pace Intonation Feeling Volume
Fluency Provide repeated and monitored oral reading Scheduled: times places ways
Fluency Provide short passages at students independent level Three levels: Frustration Instructional Independent
Comprehension The ability to understand what you have read.
Comprehension Teach students to be aware of what they do and do not understand, & the fix-up strategies. Use graphic and semantic organizers. Use text explicit/ implicit and scriptal questions. Teach students to ask their own questions. Teach structure. Use summarizing. Comprehension
The Big Five Reading and the Individual Educational Plan (IEP)
Quick Facts About Reading Reading is complex because language itself is complicated. But the special skills of reading, alone, are pretty manageable. Fewer than 250 words appear over and over again. Just twenty-six letters and perhaps 50 major 'written sounds' make the code. Reading requires a dose of visual skill and a large helping of language. Children need an adequate language foundation to begin the job of learning to read. Readers use language skill to 'sound out a word.' Written language is a somewhat different language. Teachers are more important than methods for reading success. http://www.aability.com/rindex.html
Sample Sites http://www.tampareads.com/ - Web site with worksheetshttp://www.tampareads.com/ http://www.learningfirst.org/ - The Learning First Alliance represents an unprecedented, self-initiated commitment by its members to work in concert to improve student learning.http://www.learningfirst.org/