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BIOLOGY EOC REPORTING CATEGORY : 3
Evolution and ClassificationReporting Category 3
Evolution Change over time
Endosymbiotic Theory Mitochondria Chloroplast
Evidence for Evolution…or COMMON ANCESTRY Homologous StructuresTraits that are similar in different species because the species share a common ancestor. Same structure, different function
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRYMOLECULAR HOMOLOGIES GENETIC SEQUENCES SHOW SIMILARITIES AMONG ORGANISMS. EXAMPLE: HUMAN GENOMES AND CHIMPANZEE GENOMES ARE 99% IDENTICAL
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRYEMBRYOLOGY HOMOLOGIES EMBRYOS
EVIDENCE OF EVOLUTION… or COMMON ANCESTRY FOSSIL RECORDSYOUNGEST OLDEST FOSSIL RECORDS CAN BE USED AS A TIME LINE OF HOW LIFE HAS EVOLVED
TAXONOMY: the way biologist classify or group organismsBased on similarities and differences
Kingdom Phylum King Phillip Came Gets more specific Over For GoodLinnaeus’s System of Classification Kingdom King Phylum Phillip Class Came Order Over Family For Gets more specific Genus Good Spaghetti Species
CLADOGRAM IS USED TO SHOW THE EVOLUTIONARY RELATIONSHIPS AMONG SPECIES It shows how members of a group change over time, giving rise to new groups
CLADOGRAM Which are most closely related? Canis lupus & Canis latransor Canis lupus & Lutra lutra Canis latrans & Taxidea taxus Canis latrans & Panthera pardus
Copyright Pearson Prentice Hall
Chapter 17 Table of Contents Section 1 Biodiversity
How Scientists Determined that Living Things Change Over Time
LG 4 Outline Evolutionary Relationships and Classification
Phylogeny and the Tree of Life
NGSSS SC.912.L.15.1* Explain how the scientific theory of evolution is supported by the fossil record, comparative anatomy, comparative embryology,
UNIT IV DIVERSITY OF LIVING THINGS Scientific Classification
LEQ: How do biologist organize living things?
Phylogeny Systematics Cladistics
HISTORY OF BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY Unit 4 1. Chapter 16 Primate Evolution 2.
THE EVOLUTIONARY HISTORY OF BIODIVERSITY
Fig Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Pearson Benjamin Cummings Overview: Investigating the Tree of Life Phylogeny is the.
Phylogeny and Systematics
Phylogeny and Systematics By: Ashley Yamachika. Biologists use systematics They use systematics as an analytical approach to understanding the diversity.
Chapter 18 Classification. Taxonomy - the science of classifying organisms and giving them a universally accepted name.
CHAPTER 25 TRACING PHYLOGENY. I. PHYLOGENY AND SYSTEMATICS A.TAXONOMY EMPLOYS A HIERARCHICAL SYSTEM OF CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMATICS, THE STUDY OF BIOLOGICAL.
5.4 Cladistics The ancestry of groups of species can be deduced by comparing their base or amino acid sequences.
Classifying Organisms. Organisms are classified into groups. Organisms are classified into groups based on four characteristics: Organisms are classified.
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