2 Lesson 1 What is the National Incident Management System NIMS: An IntroductionLesson 1What is the National Incident Management System
3 Lesson ObjectivesDescribe the key concepts and principles underlying NIMSIdentify the benefits of using NIMS as a national response model
4 What is NIMS?A comprehensive, national approach to incident managementApplicable at all jurisdictional levels and across disciplines
5 IS-700.A: National Incident Management System, An Introduction What Is NIMS?Tell the participants that this video provides an introduction to NIMS.Instructions for playing the video: The videos are activated by a single click on the image in Slide Show mode. If you click a second time on the video, it will stop. The videos will not work unless you are in Slide Show mode.Video Transcript: Each day communities respond to numerous emergencies. Most often, these incidents are managed effectively at the local level.However, there are some incidents that may require a collaborative approach that includes personnel from:Multiple jurisdictions,A combination of specialties or disciplines,Several levels of government,Nongovernmental organizations, andThe private sector.The National Incident Management System, or NIMS, provides the foundation needed to ensure that we can work together when our communities and the Nation need us the most.NIMS integrates best practices into a comprehensive, standardized framework that is flexible enough to be applicable across the full spectrum of potential incidents, regardless of cause, size, location, or complexity.Using NIMS allows us to work together to prepare for, prevent, respond to, recover from, and mitigate the effects of incidents. This course introduces you to the NIMS concepts, principles, and components.Click on the image to start the video.January 2009
6 NIMS Compliance Your jurisdiction must adopt NIMS: ICS by Oct 1, 2004 Other aspects by a later date (to be determined)
7 Why Do We Need NIMS? Lessons learned have shown the need for: A coordinated response.Standardization.Interoperability.
8 NIMS Concepts and Principles NIMS is:Flexible to enable all responding organizations to work together.Standardized to improve overall response and interoperability.
9 NIMS Standard Structures Incident Command System (ICS)Multiagency Coordination SystemsPublic Information Systems
10 Preparedness Planning, training, and exercises Personnel qualification and certificationEquipment acquisition and certificationPublication managementMutual aid/Emergency Management Assistance Compacts
11 Resource Management Includes standardized: Descriptions Inventories MobilizationDispatchTrackingRecovery
13 Supporting Technologies NIMS provides systems to standardize:Voice and data communications.Information management.Data displays.
14 Lesson 2 Command and Management Under NIMS – Part 1 NIMS: An IntroductionLesson 2Command and Management Under NIMS – Part 1
15 Lesson OverviewCommand and management under NIMSIncident Command System overview
16 Lesson ObjectivesIdentify the benefits of using ICS as the model incident management system.Identify the organizational structure of ICS.Identify five major management functions.Describe the purpose of unique position titles in ICS.Explain the roles and responsibilities of the Command and General staff.
17 ICS Proven on-scene, all-hazard concept Interdisciplinary and organizationally flexibleAppropriate for all types of incidents
18 IS-700.A: National Incident Management System, An Introduction FlexibilityPlanned EventsForecasted EventsExplain to the participants that the components of NIMS are adaptable and scalable to any situation, from routine, local incidents, to incidents requiring the activation of interstate mutual aid, to those requiring a coordinated Federal response. NIMS applies to all types of incidents.No-Notice EventsJanuary 2009
19 ICS Features Common terminology Organizational resources Manageable span of controlOrganizational facilitiesUse of position titlesReliance on an Incident Action PlanIntegrated communicationsAccountability
20 Common TerminologyICS requires:Common terminology.“Clear” text.
21 Organizational Resources Includes:PersonnelFacilitiesEquipment and suppliesRequires “typing” by capability
22 Span of Control From 3 to 7 reporting elements per supervisor 5 reporting elements per supervisor is optimum
23 Incident Facilities Established as required by the incident An ICP is always established
25 Incident Action Plans Communicate incident objectives Are based on operational periodsAre disseminated throughout the incident organization
26 Integrated Communications Hardware systemsPlanning for use of all frequencies and resourcesProcedures for transferring information internally and externally
27 Accountability Orderly chain of command Check-in for all responders Assignment of only one supervisor per individual (unity of command)
28 Lesson 3 Command and Management Under NIMS – Part 2 NIMS: An IntroductionLesson 3Command and Management Under NIMS – Part 2
29 Lesson Overview Command and Management of: Multiple concurrent incidentsIncidents that are nonsite specific, such as biological terrorist incidentsIncidents that are geographically dispersedIncidents that evolve over time
30 Lesson ObjectivesDetermine when it is appropriate to institute a Unified or Area Command.Describe the functions and purpose of Multiagency Coordination Systems.
31 (Representatives From Local Jurisdictions) Finance/ Administration Unified CommandUnified Command(Representatives From Local Jurisdictions)Finance/ AdministrationLogisticsPlanningOperations
32 How Does Unified Command Work? Agencies work together to:Analyze intelligence.Establish objectives and strategies.Unified Command does not change other features of ICS.
34 What Does Area Command Do? Sets overall strategy and prioritiesAllocates resourcesEnsures proper managementEnsures objectives are metEnsure strategies are followed
35 Finance/ Administration Area CommandArea CommandPlanningLogisticsFinance/ Administration
36 Multiagency Coordination Systems A combination of resourcesIntegrated into a common frameworkUsed to coordinate and support incident management activities
37 Multiagency Coordination Systems Support incident management policies and prioritiesFacilitate logistics support and resource trackingMake resource allocation decisions based on incident management prioritiesCoordinate incident-related informationCoordinate interagency and intergovernmental issues regarding incident management policies, priorities, and strategies
38 Multiagency Coordination System Elements EOCOther entities
39 Information Management EOC OrganizationEOC ManagerCoordinationCommunicationsResource ManagementInformation Management
49 What Is Preparedness?Actions to establish and sustain prescribed levels of capabilityEnsures mission integration and interoperability
50 Responsibilities of Preparedness Organizations Establishing/coordinating plans and protocolsIntegrating/coordinating activitiesEstablishing guidelines and protocols to promote interoperabilityAdopting guidelines for resource managementEstablishing response prioritiesEstablishing/maintaining multiagency coordination mechanisms
51 Preparedness Planning Plans describe how resources will be used.Plans describe mechanisms for:Setting priorities.Integrating entities/functions.Establishing relationships.Ensuring that systems support all incident management activities.
52 Types of Plans Emergency Operations Plans Procedures Preparedness PlansCorrective Action and Mitigation PlansRecovery Plans
53 Training and Exercises The NIMS Integration Center will:Facilitate development and dissemination of national standards, guidelines, and protocols.Facilitate use of modeling/simulation.Define general training requirements and approved courses.Review/approve discipline-specific training requirements.
54 Personnel Qualifications and Certification Development of standards, including:TrainingExperienceCredentialingCurrency requirementsPhysical and medical fitness
55 Equipment Certifications Facilitate development of national equipment standards, guidelines, and protocolsReview and approve equipment meeting national standards
56 Mutual Aid and EMACsJurisdictions at all levels are encouraged to enter into agreements with:Other jurisdictions.Private-sector and NGOs.Private organizations.
57 Publication Management The development of naming and numbering conventionsReview and certification of publicationsMethods for publications controlIdentification of sources and suppliers for publications and related servicesManagement of publication distribution
58 Lesson 6 Resource Management NIMS: An IntroductionLesson 6Resource Management
59 Lesson OverviewResource management includes coordination and oversight of:Tools.Processes.Systems.NIMS affects the way resources are managed.
60 What Is Resource Management? Four tasks:Establishing systemsActivating the systemsDispatching resourcesDeactivating resources
61 Resource Management Concepts Standardize identification, allocation, and trackingClassify by kind and typeImplement credentialing systemIncorporate resources from private sector and NGOs
62 Resource Management Principles Advance planningResource identification and orderingResource categorizationUse of agreementsEffective management
63 Communications, Information Management, and Supporting Technology NIMS: An IntroductionLesson 7Communications, Information Management, and Supporting Technology
64 Lesson OverviewAdvantages of common communication and information management standardsHow NIMS will influence technology/technological systems
65 Communications and Information Management Principles:Common operating pictureAccessible across jurisdictions and agenciesCommon communications and data standards
66 Supporting Technologies Principles:Interoperability and compatibilitiesTechnology supportTechnology standardsBroad-based requirementsStrategic planning and R & D
67 Communications and Information Facilitate a common operating picture for:Incident managementInformation managementInteroperability standards
69 NIMS Intent Broad applicability Improve coordination and cooperation among all response organizations
70 NIMS Concepts and Principles Flexible framework that:Facilitates working together . . .At any type of incident . . .Regardless of size, location, or complexityFlexible structuresRequirements for processes, procedures, and systems
71 NIMS Components Command and management Preparedness Resource managementCommunications and information managementSupporting technologiesOngoing management and maintenance
72 Command and Management Incident Command System (ICS)Multiagency Coordination Systems
73 ICS Features Common terminology Organizational resources Manageable span of controlOrganizational facilitiesUse of position titlesReliance on an Incident Action PlanIntegrated communicationsAccountability
74 Unified Command More than one responding agency within a jurisdiction Incidents cross jurisdictions
75 Area Command Multiple incidents within a jurisdiction Large incidents that cross jurisdictions
76 Multiagency Coordination Systems Support incident managementFacilitate logistic support and resource trackingAllocate resourcesCoordinate informationCoordinate issue resolution
77 Multiagency Coordination Systems EOCMultiagency Coordination Entities
78 Public Information Provides information to: CommandThe PublicEnsures information provided is:AccurateTimelyCoordinated
79 PreparednessActions involved to establish/maintain prescribed capabilityNIMS focuses on guidelines, protocols, and standards
80 Types of Plans EOP Procedures Preparedness Plans Corrective Action and MitigationRecovery
81 Training and Exercises Facilitate national standards, guidelines, and protectionFacilitate use of modeling/simulationDefine general training requirementsReview/approve discipline specific requirements/courses
82 Personnel Qualifications Preparedness based on standards for qualification/certificationIncludes minimum:KnowledgeSkillsExperience
83 Equipment Certification Ensure performance to standards and interoperabilityFacilitate development of national standards and protocolsReview and approve equipment meeting standards
84 Resource Management Establish systems for: Activating systems DescribingInventoryingRequestingTrackingActivating systemsDispatching resourcesDeactivating/recalling resources
85 Managing Resources Identifying and typing resources Certifying and credentialing personnelInventorying resourcesIdentifying resource requirementsOrdering and acquiring resourcesTracking and reporting resourcesMobilizing resourcesRecovering resourcesReimbursement
86 NIMS Focus on Supporting Technology Interoperability and compatibilityTechnology supportTechnology standardsBroad-based requirementsStrategic planning and R&D
87 Managing Communications and Information Incident management communicationsInformation managementInteroperability standards