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Punctuation. Today will be starting our capitalization and punctuation unit. While you may think that you are pretty good with both capitalization and.

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Presentation on theme: "Punctuation. Today will be starting our capitalization and punctuation unit. While you may think that you are pretty good with both capitalization and."— Presentation transcript:

1 Punctuation

2 Today will be starting our capitalization and punctuation unit. While you may think that you are pretty good with both capitalization and punctuation, a little review will not hurt. “Punctuation marks can make or mar the meaning of a sentence. They are a set of symbols, and are an integral part of written language. There are specific rules for the usage of each. Punctuation marks help put spoken words into writing.”

3 How much do you know?  To see how much you know about punctuation marks, we will go on a scavenger hunt. Hidden in the mall area and in the classroom, are various punctuation marks.  Each group will receive a clue with a number on it. Each group must identify the punctuation mark that the clue is talking about and write the two location where it is hidden around the room.  Each group will start with a different clue. In order to get their next clue, I will have to initial next to the clue that is finished.

4 Punctuation  What would do you think would happen if there were no punctuation marks?  What about when someone is reading out loud? How can you tell what punctuation marks are where?

5 Punctuation  A famous comedian, Victor Borge, did a routine where he used noises to show what punctuation marks were in each sentence.  Let’s watch

6 The most commonly used punctuation marks are the . period  ! exclamation mark  ? question mark , comma  ; semicolon  : colon  ‘ apostrophe  “ ” quotation marks  … ellipsis  - hyphen  - dash  ( ) parentheses  [ ] brackets  ___ underline

7 Punctuation: Period  A complete sentence that makes a statement ends with a period.  It ’ s your birthday. You blow out the candle.  Most abbreviations end with a period.  Dr. Howard lives on Oak Rd. near St. Mary ’ s Hospital.  Also use a period as a decimal point and to separate dollars from cents.  4.1 and $89.56

8 Punctuation: Exclamation Mark  A statement expressing strong feeling or excitement ends with an exclamation mark. What a beautiful day it is !

9 Punctuation: Question Mark  A question ends with a question mark. When will you be finished ?

10 Punctuation: Comma  A comma separates things in a series, after the street name and between the date and year. I ate pizza, a burger, and ice cream. Miami, Florida January 6, 2003

11 Punctuation: Comma  A comma separates an interruption in the main thought of a sentence, after an appositive, after a noun of direct address, and after a mild interjection such as oh or well.  (An appositive is a noun or noun phrase that gives additional information about the noun that it follows.) Mr. Walker, our teacher, was happy. Kodi, didn't I ask you to clean your room? Oh, the test was not that difficult.

12 Punctuation: Comma  Use a comma to after a dependent thought that begins a sentence and to indicate where a pause is necessary to avoid confusion.  After Kelly, Jennifer gets a turn.  Joe came in, in quite a hurry.

13 Punctuation: Comma  Use a comma at the beginning of a personal letter and closing of any letter.  Hey Sarah,  Sincerely,

14 Punctuation: Comma  Use a comma when no other punctuation mark is used when using quotation marks. “ I wanted to go, ” she remarked.

15 Punctuation: Comma  Use a comma before the conjunction (but, and, so, yet) in a compound sentence. She finished her work, and then she went to bed.

16 Punctuation: Semicolon  Use a semicolon to separate two independent clauses  Casey read a book; he also did a book report.

17 Punctuation: Colon  Use a colon to separate a list, to separate numerals indicating hours and minutes, after the greeting of a business letter, and between the title and subtitle of a book. I will need the following items: scissors, paper, glue, and paint. 5:00 Dear Mr. Andrews: Reading Strategies That Work: Teaching Your Students to Become Better Readers is an excellent resource.

18 Punctuation: Apostrophe  Use an apostrophe in a contraction to show where letters have been left out, to show possession, and to show that the first two numbers of the year have been left out.  I don't think I can do this.  The lady's hands were trembling.  She was in the class of '93.

19 Punctuation: Quotation Marks  Use quotation marks before and after a direct quote, around the titles of short works such as articles, songs, short stories, or poems. Put quotation marks around words letters or symbols that are slang or discussed or used in a special way.  "I think my leg is broken," Jesse whimpered.  “Problem” Ariana Grande  I have a hard time spelling "miscellaneous."

20 Punctuation: Ellipsis  Use an ellipsis to indicate a pause and to indicate omitted words in a quotation. If an ellipsis used at the end of a sentence, you will still need punctuation.  You mean... I... uh... we have a test today?  "Then you'd blast off... on screen, as if you were looking out... of a spaceship.”  I listened carefully as the teacher read Lincoln's inaugural address. "Four score and seven years ago...."

21 Punctuation - Hyphen  Use a hyphen in compound numbers from twenty-one to ninety-nine, to form some compound words, and to join a capital letter to a word.  Thirty-six  Ten-minute speech  X-ray

22 Punctuation: Dashes  Use a pair of dashes to indicate a sudden interruption in a sentence to attach an afterthought to an already complete sentence, or after introductory statements.  There is one thing--actually several things--that I need to tell you.

23 Punctuation: Parentheses  Use parentheses around a word or phrase in a sentence that adds information or makes an idea clearer.  Your essay (all nine pages of it) is on my desk.

24 Punctuation: Brackets  Use brackets around words of your own that you add to the words of someone that you are quoting.  "It is my sad duty to inform our audience that we are now at war [with Iraq]."

25 Punctuation: Underlining  Underline titles of long works such as books, magazines, albums, and movies. Use italics when available.  We use The Language Handbook to study grammar.

26 Sources  Google images for pictures  plans/15961-punctuation-marks-in-english/ plans/15961-punctuation-marks-in-english/  YouTube:  it/conventions/punctuation.html it/conventions/punctuation.html

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