Presentation on theme: "CAPE CONFERENCE November 2014"— Presentation transcript:
1 The future of development finance: The OECD/DAC’s agenda for modernisation CAPE CONFERENCENovember 2014Jon Lomøy , Director, OECD Development Cooperation
2 Today’s development finance landscape 1) More diversification and changing relative importance of financial flows to developing countries
3 Today’s development finance landscape 2) New actors and instruments
4 Today’s development finance landscape 3) Recipients: reliance on ODA varies across developing countries and those most in need are starting to receive lessComposition of external finance in LDCs and other countries, 2012ODA growth in LDCs and other countries,
5 Motivation for our agenda for modernisation The 2012 DAC HLM mandate: Making the OECD/DAC statistical system fit for purpose, so that itreflects the broadening of the global development agenda,reflects the new complexity of development finance (actors/instruments) andacknowledges the increased diversity of developing countries and provides the right incentives for ODA allocations.The goal is to maximise resources available for development – our statistical system should promote:the right incentives to maximise overall resource envelope availabe and to encourage smart allocation and catalytic use of resources,international standards for measuring and monitoring of development finance andtransparency and accountability of development finance.
6 Making the OECD DAC statistical system fit for purpose – our reform agenda Main pillars:Modernise the measurement of ODA (in particular concessionality)Create a new broader measure of Total Official support for Sustainable Development (TOSD) and better tracking of resource inflows.Valorise of private finance: better capture the use of non-grant instruments (e.g. guarantees and equity) and design an international standard to measure mobilisation/leveraging
7 Working on making ODA credible and understandable: Making the OECD DAC statistical system fit for purpose – our reform agenda (1)Working on making ODA credible and understandable:Restore the credibility of ODA as a reliable measure of « donor effort » by agreeing on a clear, quantitative definition of concessionality (solve the present inconsistency problem)Standardise reporting of in-donor costs: Improve legitimacy, transparency and comparability and deal with criticism of some “phantom aid” components
8 Making the OECD DAC statistical system fit for purpose – our reform agenda (2) Looking beyond ODA: towards a measure of TOSDNot a replacement for ODA nor for shying away from the 0.7% ODA/GNI target but a more comprehensive measure that can help track the broader development agenda of the SDGs.To be finalised in line with the agreed SDGsIn practice, includes non-ODA finance for development, peace and security, climate and other global challenges in addition to ODASeeking to enhance transparency of concessional and non-concessional resource flows to developing countries from DAC, non-DAC and multilateral institutions (standards, norms and partnerships).
9 Leveraging and incentivising additional development finance: Making the OECD DAC statistical system fit for purpose – our reform agenda (3)Leveraging and incentivising additional development finance:The current ODA measure does not valorise the use of risk- mitigation instruments (e.g. guarantees and insurance) and the development of new innovative financial mechanisms that could mobilise significant volumes of private flows for developmentWorking on a proposal to capture the budgetary effort of leveraging instruments is being exploredWorking with multilateral and bilateral development agencies to develop on a methodology for collecting data on private finance mobilised through official actions
10 Criteria for success: A measurement system that carries the right incentives Effectively contribute to transparency and accountability for the monitoring of the post-2015 development agendaWork to assess and measure resources beyond ODA should not be used by donors to back away from existing commitments, including the U.N. target of 0.7% ODA/GNIBetter targeting of ODA is critically important going forward, especially for LDCs, fragile states and other countries in needDAC HLM in December 2014 is expected to sign off on key elements of the modernisation work as part of the DAC’s contribution to the financing for development conference.
12 The mandate from the DAC ministers (2012 HLM) Elaborate a proposal for a new measure of total official support for development.Explore ways of better representing both “donor effort” and “recipient benefit” of development finance.Investigate whether any resulting new measures of external development finance (including any new approaches to measurement of donor effort) suggest the need to modernise the ODA concept.Agree on a clear, quantitative definition of “concessional in character”=> By end 2014/early 2015