2 What is a Political Party? A group of individuals outside of government who organizeto win elections, to operate the government, and determinepublic policy.
3 The Three Dimensions of Political Parties The Party in the Electorate: eligible voters who describethemselves as members of a political party.2. The Party Organization: national, state, local.3. The Party in the Government: all candidates who have wonelections.
4 What Political Parties Do: Select CandidatesInform and inspire the PublicCoordinate Policy MakingBalance Interests within the PartyServe as the ‘loyal opposition’Run CampaignsRaise Money
5 The Two Party SystemHistorically, two major political parties have dominated national politics, due to single-member districts, winner-take all elections and consensus on major issues.Currently, the Republican Party and the Democratic Party dominate politics.Third Parties: political parties that develop when people believe certain needs and values are not being addressed properly by the major parties.
6 The Two Party System Minor parties in American politics Constitution PartyAmerica First PartyReform PartyGreen PartySocialist PartyCommunist Party