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Romanian School System Dorina Nicoara ‘Pavel Dan’ Highschool, Campia Turzii, Cluj
Education Law, no.84 from 24 th July 1995, still active, stipulates that: In Romania, the education is a national priority.
THE STRATEGICAL OBJECTIVE OF THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION Accomplishing the educational ideal Which consists of: -free, integral and harmonious development of human individuality; -making the independent and creative personality.
THE EDUCATIONAL IDEAL Is based on: -humanist traditions -democracy values -the aspirations of the Romanian society Contributes to the preservation of the national identity.
THE MISSION OF THE ROMANIAN EDUCATION Forming the human personality by: a)Getting the scientific knowledge and the values of national and universal culture; b)Forming the intellectual capacities, the affective disponibilities and the practical abilities by achieving humanist, scientific, technical and esthetical knowledge; c) Achieving the intellectual work techniques necessary for life- long instruction and self instruction.
The structure of the educational system
Pre- school education Lower level Medium level High/ preparatory level- just before starting school In Romania, children between 3-6/7 years old (optionally) attend pre school education which has 3 levels of study, out of which the last one is preparatory for school education.
General compulsory education Primary school education (1 st to 4 th grades) Lower secondary education (5 th to 8 th grades) Lower highschool education (9 th to 10 th grades) Primary cycle (6/7-10/11 years old) is followed by the Gymnasium cycle (10/11- 14/15 years old) at the end of which the students may choose either highschool education or vocational schools.
Higher secondary education Highschool (11 th – 12 th / 13 th grades) Vocational schools Highschool (4-5 years), or vocational schools (professional education, 2-3 years). The students‘ selection and distribution on the 2 categories after graduating the gymnasium education is done according to the evaluation of their competences aquired during the gymnasium education, which is based on the national standards of evaluation.
The admission to highschool education The computerized distribution on a national level is based on: Students’ options The admission average grade calculated according to the following formula: 50% the average grade of the 5 th - 8 th grades 50% the average of the unique national tests passed in the 7 th and 8 th grades
HIGHSCHOOL EDUCATION AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOL THE 8 TH GRADE GRADUATES HIGHSCHOOLS.A.M. 2 YEARS + 1 COMPLEMENTARY YEAR THEORETICALTECHNOLOGICALVOC ATIONAL + 12 TH – 13 TH – SUPERIOR LEVEL THROUGH VOCATIONAL
Highschool education: Theoretical category: – Humanist Profile; – Real profile (based on exact sciences); Technological category: –Technical profile; –Services profile; –Exploitation of natural resources and environment protection profile; Vocational category: –Military profile; –Theological profile; –Sport profile; –Artistic profile; –Pedagogical profile.
Level 3 of qualification LOWER SECONDARY EDUCATION The superior cycle 11 th - 12 th grades Inferior cycle 9 th - 10 th grades Economic agents Upper Education Superior cycle 12 th - 13 th grades Complementary year The 11 th grade Inferior cycle 9 th - 10 th grades THE ROUTE TOWARDS PROFESSIONAL QUALIFICATIONS WHICH ARE OBTAINED DURING THE TECHNOLOGICAL HIGHSCHOOL AND VOCATIONAL SCHOOL Level 3 of qualification Level 2 of qualification Level 1 of qualification TECHNOLOGICAL HIGHSCHOOL VOCATIONAL SCHOOL (SAM) COMPULSORY EDUCATION
Professional education In vocational schools we have an education for professionalization, in order to prepare students for the first level of qualification on occupational domains The graduates of the complementary year who give and pass the exam of professional competences certification get a certificate of level 2 professional qualification. The graduates of the complementary year who have a level 2 professional qualification certificate and a graduation certificate can go on with their studies in the superior highschool level.
TECHNICAL HIGHSCHOOL Theory- practice interchange 9 th and 10 th grades 35 school weeks, without practice 11 th grade 37 school weeks out of which 4 weeks of practice + 33 weeks with 4 days of theory + 1 day of practice 12 th grade 36 school weeks out of which: 4 weeks of practice + 32 weeks with 4 days of theory + 1 day of practice
VOCATIONAL SCHOOL Theory- practice interchange 9 th and 10 th grades 36 school weeks out of which: 4 weeks of practice in the 9 th grade 6 weeks of practice in the 10 th grade + 2 days/ week during school weeks 11 th grade 37 school weeks out of which: 8 weeks of practice+ 1 day/ week during school weeks 12 th and 13 th grades progressive route- similar to 11 th and 12 th grades of technological highschool
The proportion between the number of classes of technical knowledge and those of general knowledge is: - For 9 th and 10 th grades 8 / 25 - For 11 th and 12 th grades 16 / 16
Level 3 of qualification COMPULSORY EDUCATION DRAFTSMAN TECHNICIAN FOR CONSTRUCTIONS AND INSTALLATIONS TECHNICIAN FOR ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT DRAFTSMAN TECHNICIAN FOR CONSTRUCTIONS AND INSTALLATIONS TECHNICIAN FOR ELECTRIC EQUIPMENT THE CONSTRUCTION AND PUBLIC WORKS DOMAIN 9 TH - 10 TH 11 TH - 12 TH THE STRUCTURE OF QUALIFICATIONS WHICH ARE OBTAINED DURING THE TECHNOLOGICAL HIGHSCHOOL – TECHICAL PROFILE
11 th Level 2 of qualification COMPULSORY EDUCATION COMPLEMENTARY YEAR Constructor of monolith structures Blacksmith concrete man, prefab mechanic Builder- quarrier- plasterer Woodwor ker- carpenter - floorer Mosaic man- revetment mechanic Painter, plasterer, dyer, paper hanger Isolator Plumber for technical- sanitary installations and gas fittings Plumber for central heating installations Adjuster for ventilation and air conditioning installations Constructions and public works technician Adjuster technician for constructions Constructio ns electrician Electro- technical technician The structure of QUALIFICATIONS during THE VOCATIONAL SCHOOL (SAM) The constructions and public works domain Worker in construction structures Finisher worker for constructions Isolations worker for constructions 9 th grade 10 th Level 1 of qualification Adjuster worker in constructions Electro- technical worker The electro- technical domain 12 th 13 th grades Level 3 of qualification
Finishing the highschool education Baccalaureate exam - written, oral and practical examinations - compulsory subjects - subjects chosen by the candidate according to the profile
Tertiary non- university education Tertiary non- university school Masters school The obtained level of qualification is LEVEL 3 advanced.
Higher education State higher educational institutions Approved private higher educational institutions Private higher educational institutions authorized to temporarily function
The admission to the higher education Is based on: - general results obtained during highschool, - results at some subjects - results obtained at the Baccalaureate exam - admission examination The universities establish their own admission criteria according to the university autonomy
Certificate After graduating the 10 grades of compulsory education at highscool category the students receive: A CERTIFICATE OF GRADUATION OF THE LOWER HIGHSCHOOL CYCLE Which specifies the specific competences obtained by the student The graduates of the higher highschool cycle who pass the professional competences certificate exam get: A CERTIFICATE OF PROFESSIONAL CERTIFICATION- LEVEL 3 OR A PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCES CERTIFICATE The graduates of the higher cycle who pass the Baccalaureate exam get: A BACCALAUREATE DIPLOMA Which allows them to continue their studies at a higher level of education- university.
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