2 An Uneasy Peace Grips Europe Europe had been at peace for nearly 30 yearsA whole generation had grown up ignorant to the horror of war, many believed war was a thing of the pastYet four factors arose to propel Europe into war
3 1. Rise of Nationalism Nationalism-A deep devotion to one’s nation. Can lead people to feel their nation is better than othersRivalries developed based on the competition for materials and marketsTerritorial disputes also played a role. Austria-Hungary and Russia were both trying to control the Balkans in Southwest Europe
4 2. ImperialismEuropean countries competed over colonies in Africa and AsiaThe quest for colonies nearly led to war many timesAs these countries continued to compete, their rivalry and mistrust deepened
5 3. The Growth of Militarism Militarism- The policy of glorifying military power and keeping an army prepared for warBeginning in the 1890’s nationalism led to a European arms raceHaving a large and strong standing army made citizens feel patriotic
6 4. Tangled AlliancesInternational rivalries lead to the creation of military alliances designed to keep peaceTwo great alliances existedThe Triple Alliance- Germany, Austria-Hungary and ItalyThe Triple Entente- Britain, France and RussiaA dispute between any two rival nations could result in the entire continent going to war
7 Assignment1. Explain how each of the three factors listed led to rising tensions in Europe.2. Why would military alliances have been created to keep peace?3. Describe the territorial dispute between Russia and Austria-Hungary4. How might a incident between any two members of the alliances lead to war?
9 Crisis in the BalkansThe Balkan region was breaking away from the rule of the Ottoman EmpireThis area was a mix of ethnic groups and new nations sought to expand and unite members of these groups together
10 Europe’s powder kegSerbia was a Balkan nation with a mainly Slavic population. They wanted to expand and unite all the Slavic people in the regionRussia, also had a large Slavic population and supported SerbiaAustria-Hungary did not support this action. They took control of Bosnia and Herzegovina which both had large Slavic populations
11 Europe’s powder kegSerbia wanted to take this area away from Austria-Hungary, but A.H. was much more powerful and vowed to crush Serbia if they triedIf war erupted between Austria-Hungary and Russia it would involve the two great alliances
12 A Shot Rings Throughout Europe The heir to the throne of A.H. visited BosniaArchduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife were assassinated by a Serbian nationalist who wanted to end A.H. ruleBecause he was a Serbian, A.H. demanded Serbia allow Austrian officials into Serbia to investigate
13 War BeginsSerbia attempted to negotiate with Austria-Hungary over their demandsA.H. refused to negotiate and declared war on SerbiaIn response Russia sent troops to the Austrian border. This set in motion the beginning of World War I
14 Assignment What single event led to the start of World War I? Was the description of the Balkans as a “powder keg” accurate? Explain your answerDo you think WWI was avoidable? Explain your answerWhat was the source of conflict between Serbia and Austria-Hungary?Why would a conflict between these two nations involve the rest of Europe?