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Accident Investigation for Supervisors

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Presentation on theme: "Accident Investigation for Supervisors"— Presentation transcript:

1 Accident Investigation for Supervisors

2 Introduction Most Frequent BGSU OSHA Recordable Injuries/Illnesses
Slips, trips and falls Strains and sprains Cuts Struck by an object

3 Objectives Types of accidents
Causes or contributing factors of accidents How to perform an accident investigation What documentation should be completed

4 Overview The failure of people, equipment, supplies or surroundings to behave or react as expected, causes most accidents. Accident investigations determine how and why these failures occur. Accident investigations are a tool for supervisors and accident investigation teams to find main causes of illnesses, injuries, and “near misses” allowing for corrective actions.

5 Overview Departments are encouraged to use the BGSU Accident Investigation Report Form as a method of reducing hazards in their areas. The aim of an accident investigation should be to prevent recurrence of the same accident.

6 Definitions Accident Near Miss Accident Investigation
An unplanned event that interrupts the completion of an activity that may or may not result in personal injury, illness or in property damage. Near Miss An unplanned event that interrupts the completion of an activity which directly involves the workers and does not result in personal injury, illness or in property damage. Accident Investigation The process of determining the causes of accidents and implementing corrective actions to prevent recurrence.

7 Types of Accidents Minor Accidents Serious Accidents
Accidents that cause minor injury/illness, requiring little or no treatment, or property damage. Serious Accidents Accidents that cause injury/illness or damage to equipment and/or property. If the accident is considered an OSHA recordable the accident is serious.

8 Outcomes of Accidents Negative Positive
Injury, illness, or death, property and equipment damage, lost productivity, poor morale and $$$$$$. Positive Accident investigations increase productivity, improve operations, raise awareness and prevent recurrence.

9 Causes and Contributing Factors of Accidents
Accident Causation Model Tasks Material Environment Personnel Management

10 1. Task Ergonomics Safety work procedures Condition changes Process
Materials Workers Appropriate tools/materials Safety devices (including lockout)

11 2. Material Equipment failure Machinery design/guarding
Hazardous substances Substandard material

12 3. Environment Weather conditions Housekeeping Temperature Lighting
Air contaminants Personal protective equipment

13 4. Human Factor Level of experience Level of training
Physical capability Health Fatigue Stress

14 5. Management/Process Failure
Visible active senior management support for safety Safety policies Enforcement of safety policies Adequate supervision Knowledge of hazards Hazard corrective action Preventive maintenance Regular audits

15 Who Should Perform the Accident Investigation?
Dependent on the severity Person involved Supervisor Environmental Health and Safety The advantage of having a supervisor perform the investigation is the supervisor is likely to be the most knowledgeable about the work, the persons involved, and current conditions. The supervisor can also take immediate remedial action.

16 Steps in an Accident Investigation
Initial Response Information Gathering Analysis and Conclusion BGSU Accident Investigation Report

17 Step 1 - Initial Response
After an accident occurs, the initial response should be as follows: Get treatment for individuals that may be injured. Assure the safety of others. Secure the site. Complete the BGSU Injury/Illness Reporting Form.

18 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Inspect the accident site and note information such as: Positions of injured workers Equipment and materials being used Safety devices in use Position on appropriate guards Positions of controls of machinery Damage to equipment Housekeeping of the area Weather conditions Lighting levels Noise levels

19 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Gather information: On procedures and rules for the area On maintenance records and equipment involved By taking photographs and making diagrams From employees

20 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Interview Injured person or persons Witnesses Supervisors It is important to interview to establish an understanding and to obtain in his/her own words what happened.

21 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Interview Do’s Put the witness, who is probably upset, at ease Emphasize the real reason for the investigation, to determine what happened and why Let the witness talk, you listen Confirm that you have the statement correct Try to sense any underlying feelings of the witness Make short notes only during the interview Ask open ended questions

22 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Interview Do Not’s Intimidate the witness Interrupt Prompt Ask leading questions Show your own emotions Make lengthy notes while the witness is talking

23 Step 2 – Information Gathering
Ask Who? What? Where? When? How? Conduct interviews separately Make it clear that the investigation is used to avoid recurrence and not to place blame

24 Step 3 – Analysis and Conclusion
Isolate contributory factors Would the accident have occurred if this particular factor was not present? Determine Why the accident occurred A likely sequence of events and probably causes Accident Tree Handout (Tab 1) Example Bad Report (Tab 2) Better Report (Tab 3)

25 Step 3 – Analysis and Conclusion
Draw conclusions and make recommendations based on key contributing factors and causes. Implement corrective actions and set a time table to complete them.

26 Step 4 - BGSU Accident Investigation Report
Statement of injured or ill employee concerning the incident and injured employee information Witness statements Equipment involved Other factors or contributing causes Corrective action plan Tab 4

27 Summary What are the different types of accidents
What causes or contributes to accidents How do you perform an accident investigation What documentation should be completed

28 Where to Get More Information
Injury and Illness Reporting and Job Safety at BGSU Training Environmental Health and Safety Web Site Environmental Health and Safety

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