2 Types of Material Journals Magazines Newspapers Reference sources WebsitesDatabases
3 Periodicals Journal Magazine Newspaper Length Fairly Long: 6-20 pgs Fairly Short:1-5 pgsFairly Short: 1-2 pgsLanguage UsedTechnical, scholarlyNot technical, general, written that a non expert can understandGeneral, short sentences, to the pointStructureDivided into research sections: abstract, results, conclusionsNo specific structure followedReferencesList of references appear at the end of the articleList of references rarely included, sources may be mentioned in articleReferences are almost never included but might be mentioned in articleAuthor InfoName is almost always listed; credentials (degrees, schools, companies)Appear at the beginning, sometimes more than one authorName or credentials may or may not be listed and usually only one authorBrief articles the author is usually not named. When author is listed credentials are rarely provided
4 Types of Reference Sources: Reference Sources: Are tools that are used to find information quickly and efficiently.Types of Reference Sources:EncyclopediaDictionaryThesaurusAlmanacAtlas
5 Library Catalog What is a library catalog? All of the resources found in a libraryWhat is found in the library catalog?BooksNewspapersMagazinesVideos
8 Databases: AVL Alabama Virtual Library is an online resource that is paid for by the tax payers ofAlabama! It’s FREEWhat kind of resources?Online EncyclopediasOnline DictionariesOnline Subject Databases: MedlinePlus, Biography, History, Career, Business, LiteratureMega Search Databases: Student Research Center, Gale, EBSCO Host
9 Websites: Reliable or Not? Reliable Internet SourcesWeb addresses ending in .edu or .gov (anyone can purchase .com, .net, .org)Author is listed and is an experienced person in the field they are discussing (would you go see an auto-mechanic about your broken leg?)Publisher is a reputable sourceReferences listed: where their information came from.Copyright dateNeutral standing with the topicNot Reliable Internet SourcesCommercial site with advertisements and/or social network linksAnonymous authorsNo links or referencesSite is bias toward one side or another (Is the author trying to sway your opinion?)No copyright dateNo publisher
10 Citations Two types of formats used: MLA APA Whenever a source is used and words are taken from it to go along with other information, the source MUST be cited!!!!If a source is not cited and words are taken from it, it is plagiarism!Two types of formats used:MLAAPA(It is the preference of the teacher which format is used for the paper.)
11 Citations Continued MLA APA Modern Language Association most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities.Guidelines to follow for citing and writing paper:Used mostly in high schoolAPAAmerican Psychological Associationmost commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. Used mostly in college and graduate school
12 OWL and Son of Citation Online Writing Lab This site gives basic layout of format for each sources needing to be cited with examples.Look at right side of main page to find format guideThis is the most reliable site to use for citations for a paper.Son of CitationThis site can be used to generate a citation by filling in the blanks.It does not help choose a source and does not correct spelling, what you type will generate in the citation.BE CAREFUL, CHECK YOUR WORK!!!
13 ALWAYS GIVE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE!! Plagiarism*Cheating is any form of copying or receiving unauthorized assistance on an exam, paper (essay), homework or other assignment.*Plagiarism means to represent the words, language, ideas, or thoughts of another person as one’s own or original work.ALWAYS GIVE CREDIT WHERE CREDIT IS DUE!!
14 Librarians A librarian is a resource Information can be gained for school through a librarians help, she can help find the right book or resource for you.Best practice is to try and find the information yourself first, then ask for help.The librarian can better answer questions if you know what you need help with specifically.
15 Any Questions? Remember that we are here to help you! All you have to do is ask…..