# Scientific Inquiry.

## Presentation on theme: "Scientific Inquiry."— Presentation transcript:

Scientific Inquiry

Scientists are… CURIOUS – they ask questions that make them want to investigate. OBSERVANT – they look at the world around them CREATIVE – they think about what they already know to explain their observations and come up with plans to test their ideas SKEPTICAL – they question their own conclusions and except only explanations based on evidence

Scientific Inquiry The process that allows us to think about and design an experiment to help us find the answers to our questions!

Scientific Inquiry Problem Hypothesis Experiment Results Conclusion
Materials - Variables/Controls Procedure - Observations Results Charts/Graphs Conclusion Limitations

Problem Identify by asking a question
Only part of the process that will end with a question mark. As you do research/perform the experiment… you make ask more questions!

Which brand of paper towels is the most absorbent?
Our example… Which brand of paper towels is the most absorbent?

Written in the form of an IF/THEN statement.
Hypothesis Thinkers… Tentative explanation Educated guess/prediction What do you think will happen when you perform your experiment? Written in the form of an IF/THEN statement. IF three brands of paper towels are tested, THEN Bounty will be the most absorbent.

Experiment An organized procedure used to study something under controlled conditions. Consists of two parts: Materials Procedure

Materials – items needed to perform the experiment
Graduated cylinder, beaker, lab sheet, pencil, paper towels, triple beam balance, water Procedure – sequence of actions or instructions to be followed The STEPS of the experiment! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Variables Independent Variable (IV) – the factor being tested:
paper towels Dependent Variable (DV) – the factor being measured: amount of water the paper towels absorb y axis DV x axis IV

Constants Factors that remain the same throughout the experiment
Examples: The size of the paper towel The type of liquid used Using same balance to mass wet towels OTHERS?

Control Serves as a basis for comparison
Ex: a paper towel that is not wet

Trials The number of time the IV’s are tested The more the better!
Not this kind!

Observations Made during the course of an experiment using your senses or equipment Often recorded in data tables Examples: Temperatures Times Color changes

Data One type of observation Evidence collected during a lab TRIAL 1 2
3 4 TEMP

Results We often use charts and graphs to show our results.
You may also write results statements that put your observations/data into paragraph form.

Conclusion Statement indicating whether your hypothesis was correct or incorrect. Use one of the following in your conclusion: Supported Rejected Could neither support nor reject Example: The results of my experiment rejected my hypothesis… go on to tell why.

Limitations Unforeseen problems with an experiments design
What went wrong during the lab. Examples: Complete more trials Test more paper towel brands We spilt something beside water on the towels Used the wrong mass Forgot to test one brand

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