Presentation on theme: "Notes 4-1 Photosynthesis. Sources of Energy Nearly all living things obtain energy either directly or indirectly from the energy of sunlight captured."— Presentation transcript:
Sources of Energy Nearly all living things obtain energy either directly or indirectly from the energy of sunlight captured during photosynthesis.
Autotrophs: Organisms that make their own food Example: Plants photosynthesize Heterotrophs: Organisms that must consume food (cannot make their own food) Example: Animals eat plants or other animals
Photosynthesis Process by which a cell captures the sun’s energy and uses it to make food Plants convert carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and sugars (food) Photosynthesis occurs in 2 steps
Stage 1: Chlorophyll (a green pigment inside the organelle called chloroplasts in plant cells) absorbs the sunlight This provides the “power” for stage 2 of photosynthesis *Chlorophyll is what makes the plants green!
Stage 2: Roots of plants absorb water and it travels up through the stem to the leaves Carbon dioxide enters the plants through small holes on the underside of the leaves called stomata Water and carbon dioxide move into the chloroplasts of the plant cells In the chloroplasts, a chemical reaction occurs and sugars (carbs) are produced as food for the plants and oxygen is released as a waste product through the stomata (this is the oxygen that we breathe!!)
The Two Stages of Photosynthesis Let’s look at the 2 stages again, but with pictures this time!
Photosynthesis Equation The left side of the equation shows what the plants are using (6 molecules of CO 2 and 6 molecules of H 2 O) The arrow means “yield” or “produces” The right side of the equation shows the products, or what the plant is making (1 molecule of sugar and 6 molecules of O 2 )
Where do plants get the water they need for photosynthesis? From the ground, from the rain, etc… It travels up through their roots, through the stem and to the leaves
Where do plants get the CO 2 they need for photosynthesis? When we exhale when we breathe, we release carbon dioxide as a waste product Plants take it in through their leaves
What do the plants do with the oxygen? The plants do not need the 6 molecules of oxygen, so they release it as a waste product. This is the oxygen gas we breathe!
What do the plants do with the sugars? The plants use some of the sugars they make as immediate food for themselves Whatever they don’t use right away, they store for later When we eat plants (fruits and veggies) we are eating their stored energy!
Let’s Review! Name an example of an heterotroph. What 3 things do plants need in order to photosynthesize? Any animal or fungus, because they cannot make their own food. Sunlight, water, and carbon dioxide.
Let’s Review! Plants are autotrophic. True or False? What happens to the Oxygen gas that plants release during photosynthesis? TRUE, because they make their own food. We breathe it in!