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Published byGloria Speights Modified over 8 years ago
Set the Camera Options Resolution Focus Exposure Zoom Flash Self-Timer/Remote Control
File Formats What are formats? (native vs standard) Controls the file type and the size of the photograph All cameras save in JPEG Some also save in TIFF and RAW
Resolution Choose the resolution within the file formats available on your camera Know your pictures destination: WEB or print / Snapshot or 8x10 Resolution determines the image size and the amount of picture information
Resolution Why not take all your images at the highest resolution? The higher the res the larger the file size and the fewer images you can fit on a card The higher the res the longer it takes to record the image on the card Law of diminishing returns: if you are sending these via email to be seen on the monitor you will be throwing pixels away
Resolution Two methods for changing settings Most commonly used features are usually buttons on the camera Most settings are accessed using a menu Some cameras allow you to save settings Manual describes the options
Focus Autofocus works in most situations Set the focus by moving the camera and reframe to shoot your picture Manual focus Measure the distance Viewfinder not always reliable
Focus Normal settings allow you to get about 10-12 inches from the subject Use Macro focus to get closer (you will need to set this)
Exposure “Letting in Light” Shutter priority: Set the speed and let the camera auto expose Aperture Priority: set f-stop and let the camera choose the shutter speed Manual Exposure: setting both the shutter speed and the f-stop (experiment)
Exposure For some control use Exposure Compensation Slightly lighter ore darker to tone down glare or enhance highlights Expressed in positive and negative numbers Positive: brighter Negative: darker
White Balance Artificial light (indoors) You can compensate in Photoshop Or you can keep it from causing a problem Set for: Incandescent Fluorescent Cloudy outdoors Bright outdoors
White Balance Most cameras have an auto setting that determine the best setting No set rules: so experiment
Zoom Optical vs Digital Optical zoom uses the lens Digital zoom uses the “computer” in the camera the same as image editing (Photoshop)
Flash Most cameras automatically detect when the flash is necessary Solid light indicates the flash is ready After the shot there is a delay while the flash powers up again Most flash light is limited to 10-15 feet
Flash Reducing Red Eye Human eye’s iris reflects the flash as a bright red Most cameras offer a red-eye reduction feature Flash will fire twice to close the iris Image editing software can reduce this effect
Flash Fill flash will bring out the darker areas of an image When set to fill flash the camera will reduce the amount of flash
Flash Some situations may contain reduced light but a flash may be inappropriate Most digital cameras allow you to suppress the flash Without the flash the shutter speed may be so slow that the image is blurred Use a tripod
Shooting at Night At night the flash will illuminate the subject, but the shutter speed may be too fast to capture outside the flash range Some cameras offer a night flash or slow shutter setting Shutter stays open and captures the area around the flash
Flash Correction Sometimes the flash is too light or dark or too glaring Some cameras offer a flash correction option Set the flash to be brighter or darker
Self-Timer / Remote Control Some cameras offer a remote control option which allows you to press a button and waits 10-20 second for you to get in the shot This can also be useful if you are taking a tripod shot and you don’t want to shake the camera
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