Presentation on theme: "THE LATER MIDDLE AGES: 1300-1450 Unit 1.1. Learning Objective: Students will understand the evolution of European society from antiquity through the Later."— Presentation transcript:
Learning Objective: Students will understand the evolution of European society from antiquity through the Later Middle Ages and analyze the ways in which religious, economic, and social upheaval affected late-Medieval society.
Major Periods in European History I. Ancient Greece/Rome (c. 500 BCE-500 CE) II. Middle Ages- 5 th Century CE to approx. 1450 A. Early Middle Ages (476 CE to 900 CE) B. High Middle Ages (1050- 1300) C. Later Middle Ages (1300- 1450) III. Modern Era (1450 to the present) 1. Renaissance: 1450- 1600 (1300-1527 in Italy) 2. 17 th – 21 st centuries Unit 1.1
I. Black Death (1347) A. Causes 1. Bubonic plague was carried by fleas on Asian black rats and brought to Europe on ships returning from Asia 2. Overcrowding in cities and homes facilitated the spread of the disease 3. Poor sanitation in cities 4. Widespread malnutrition 5. Poor hygiene
1.Some cities, such as Florence, saw death rates reach above 50% The Toggenburg Bible (1411) contains an illustration of the Black Death
2. Economy in towns suffered significantly Plague doctors often wore attire, such as seen above, with the beak stuffed with spices or herbs to protect the doctor from the disease.
3. In some areas, workers enjoyed higher wages 4. Impact on the peasantry a. Serfdom ended in many areas of western Europe b. Major peasant revolts in England and France 5. First enclosure of fields in England 6. Best of the clergy died helping the sick 7. Jews were often blamed for the plague
8. Literature and art reflected pessimism a. Danse of Death (Danse Macabre) b. Northern Europe developed a fascination with death that was later reflected in the art of the Northern Renaissance Dancing skeletons were a common motif in the Danse of Death
II. Hundred Years’ War (1337-1453) A. Cause: the English crown lay claim to the duchy of Aquitaine inside of France Duchy of Aquitaine (in pink) seen inside modern French borders.
B. Joan Of Arc (1412-1431) 1. Peasant girl claimed she heard voices from saints and persuaded the king to allow her to accompany the troops 2. In 1429, led the French army to victory at Orléans -- The French heir to the throne was crowned 3. She was later burned at the stake by her English captors
END OF SAMPLE The complete version of the Later Middle Ages is available with a subscription to the European History PowerPoints for Teachers.