Presentation on theme: "DRUG AND ALCOHOL TRAINING For Safety Sensitive Employee’s"— Presentation transcript:
1 DRUG AND ALCOHOL TRAINING For Safety Sensitive Employee’s ABM PARKING DIVISION in compliance with The United States Department of TransportationDRUG AND ALCOHOL TRAININGFor Safety Sensitive Employee’s
2 AMPCO SYSTEM Drug Testing Policy It is Ampco System’s intent to comply with federal, state and local entities in regard to law and regulations on drug and alcohol misuse. Consistent with these regulations, the Company will administrate, as necessary and where required by law all tests which the Department of Transportation has mandated.OVERVIEWThe financial cost of substance abuse is substantial’ however, the emotional impact of losing a friend, co-worker, or family member to drugs or alcohol is even greater. In fact, there is no way to calculate the enormity of this kind of loss.Each of us reacts differently to drugs and alcohol, but one thing is clear.... these substances affect our judgment and our ability to perform. The danger of abusing these substances becomes especially clear when you add a motor vehicle, airplane, ship or mass transit carrier to the picture.In an effort to prevent the effects of substance abuse in the transportation industry, the Federal Highway Administration of the Department of Transportation, the DOT, has expanded its current drug and alcohol regulations for federal motor carriers. The ruling is entitled, CONTROLLED SUBSTANCES AND ALCOHOL USE AND TESTING.Ampco System’s Drug and Alcohol Testing Programs are intended to identify substance abuse by safety-sensitive employee’s and to discourage future drug and or alcohol misuse. The procedures of these Federally mandated programs will help improve employee/passenger safety’ employee performance and morale, and help prevent accidents that can lead to injury and property damage.Ampco System will comply with all federal, state and local authorities in regard to laws and regulations regarding safety-sensitive personnel and commercial driver’s use of alcohol and drugs. Ampco System maintains a zero-tolerance for employee’s who perform safety-sensitive duties within the Company and hold all employees accountable to federal, state and local regulations.
3 DEFINITIONSAlcohol - the intoxicating agent in beverage, ethyl alcohol, or other low molecular weight alcohol’s. Alcohol use means the consumption of any beverage, mixture, or preparation, including any medication containing alcohol.Controlled Substances -any substances identifiedin the Federal ControlledSubstances Act or CFR Part 40including marijuana, cocaine,opiates, amphetamines andPCP. The term also applies toprescribed or over the countermedications that cause anindividual to be impaired,drowsy or to act abnormally.
4 DEFINITIONSSafety-Sensitive Employee - those holders of Commercial Drivers Licensees who operate a commercial motor vehicles. In addition, those employees who perform safety-sensitive functions involving a mass transit vehicle including driving, maintenance and supervision in which there is FTA funding.Commercial Motor Vehicle -a vehicle that has a grossvehicle weight rating of 26,001or more lbs. or is desa vehicle that has a grossor more lbs. or is designed totransport 16 or more passengers(including the driver) or is 11 passengers or more (including the driver) in the State of California.igned to(including the driver) or is anysize and used to transporthazardous materials requiringplacards.
5 DEFINITIONS Mass Transit Vehicle - a vehicle used to transport large numbers ofpassengers. This includesbuses, vans, automobiles, railcars, trolley cars or vesselsreceiving FTA funding.Medical Review Officer -a licensed physiciandesignated by AmpcoSystem who has knowledgeand training to interpret andevaluate confirmed positivedrug and alcohol testresults.
7 PRE-EMPLOYMENT TESTING All employees who perform safety-sensitive functions involving a mass transit vehicle under DOT definition will be tested for controlled substances prior to performing such duties.Pre-employment Tests-for drugs for final candidates in any safety-sensitive position within Ampco System, or for an employee who transfers from a non safety-sensitive position (from cashier to shuttle driver or maintenance man) within the company to a safety-sensitive position, prior to the individual assuming their new position.
8 LEAVE OF ABSENCE 90 Days or more– Pre-Employment Drug Testing Following any type of leave of 90 Days or more including, but not limited to personal leaves, pregnancy leaves, medical leaves, workers’ compensation leaves and military leaves.
9 POST COLLISION TESTING 1. A human fatality, regardless of whether or not a citation was issued to the Safety-Sensitive Driver.2. Bodily injury requiring immediate medical attention away from the scene and a citation was issued to the Safety-Sensitive Driver.3. Disabling damage to any motor vehicle requiring either vehicle to be towed and a citation was issued to the Safety-Sensitive Driver.Post Accident Drug and Alcohol Tests -following an accident that involves a commercial or mass transit vehicle if the accident resulted in any of the following:
10 UNANNOUNCED RANDOM TESTING Must be completed on safety-sensitive drivers each year.Drivers are randomly selected from the Ampco System/ ABM employee pool.Drivers must be tested just before, during or immediately after performing a safety sensitive function.All random testing must be unannounced and employees must proceed immediately to the test site.Refusal to take a test will constitute a positive result.
11 RANDOM DRUG and ALCOHOL TESTS Random Tests are determined by non-biased random selection and according to federal, state and local law.Ten (10) percent of the affected drivers must be tested for alcohol and fifty (50) percent of the affected drivers must be tested for controlled substances.Unannounced random alcohol and drug testing must be completed on a certain number of drivers each year. Drivers are randomly selected using a scientifically valid method. For example, a random number table or a computer generated system matched with social security numbers that ensures that each driver has an equal chance of being tested each time the selections are made. This means that one driver may theoretically selected many times, while another may not be selected at all during the same period, because of the random selection process. When ABM takes over the consortium (driver pool) it will involve more persons and therefore reduce the number of drivers being randomly selected because of the increased numbers in the safety-sensitive employee pool.
12 Reasonable Suspicion Drug and Alcohol Tests As observed by acompany official or supervisorwho has received the trainingrequired by DOT and hasspecific clearly statedobservations concerning theappearance, behavior, speechor body orders of the safetysensitive driver.It is the obligation of every Ampco System Supervisor who receives training under the Department of Transportation guidelines for Probable Cause and Reasonable Suspicion to request a employee to proceed to a testing facility if that employee is involved in a safety-sensitive position and exhibits behavior or physical characteristics which would lead the supervisor to believe that they require a test.Reasonable Suspicion Testing is provided to employees for their protection and the protection of the general public. Many times illnesses exhibit themselves with the same physical and psychological symptoms of drug or alcohol use. An example of this is diabetes. In order to prevent a potential life threatening accident those supervisors at safety-sensitive locations MUST test employee’s displaying those symptoms.
13 REFUSAL TO SUBMIT TO A REQUIRED DOT TEST Drivers who refuse to submit to required alcohol and /or controlled substance tests must be immediately removed from safety-sensitive positions and may not continue in their positions. 49CFRIt’s the law. Should you refuse to submit to a federally mandated drug or alcohol test, you will be removed from duty, suspended and/or terminated.
14 Refusal to test also includes: Failure to provide enough breath or saliva for alcohol testing.Or urine for controlled substances testing without a valid medical reason after being notified of the testing requirements,Or clearly obstruct the testing process,Or attempt to tamper and/or adulterate a urine sample for drug testing purposes.
15 HOW IS ALCOHOL TESTING DONE? All alcohol testing is done by a trained technician in a private setting where no one but you and the technician can see or hear the test results. A breath saliva testing device approved by theNational Highway Safety Administrationwill be used.
16 HOW IS ALCOHOL TESTING DONE? The technician will ask for identification.A screening test is done first.If the reading is less than 0.02, you will sign the certification and fill in the date on the form.If the reading is 0.02 or greater, a confirmation test must be done using an evidential breath testing device (EBT).Supply the technician your driver’s license and social security card.If a breath testing device is used, you must blow forcefully into the mouthpiece of the device. If a saliva testing device is used, you or the technician will insert the swab into your mouth and allow it to saturate with saliva. After the saliva is collected, the sway will be inserted into the testing device.After signing the certification you may return to work.In this case the test must be done after 15 minutes but within 30 minutes of the first test. You will be asked not to eat, drink, belch, or put anything in your mouth. These steps prevent the build-up of mouth alcohol, which could lead to an artificially high result.
17 HOW IS ALCOHOL TESTING DONE? If the Screening Test and Confirmation Test results are not the same, the confirmation test result is used.If you refuse to be tested or sign the testing form, the technician will immediately notify the AMPCO SYSTEM DOT Administrator.
18 POSITIVE ALCOHOL TESTS The employee will be prohibited from performing any safety-sensitive function for 24 hours, Ampco System supervision will be notified and the employee driver must be driven home from the collection sight. In addition, the employee will be suspended without pay and prohibited from performing any safety -sensitivefunctions until they have submitted to another alcohol test and have results below 0.020.04 or Greater The employee will be suspended from duty without pay, pending an investigation by Ampco System Management. A confirmed positive test of 0.04 or Greater will result in immediate termination.Should similar results by found on any future testing within the 12 month probationary period the employee will be subject to immediate termination after the confirmation test result.
19 HOW IS DRUG TESTING DONE? Drug testing is done by analyzing a urine sample, which is collected in a private location. Urine specimens are divided into two containers by the collection site technician in your presence. These two samples, called “primary” and “split”, are analyzed by a testing laboratory certified by theDepartment of Health and Human Services.At the laboratory a screening test is performed on the “primary” sample.If this test is positive for drugs,a confirmation test is required.
20 POSITIVE DRUG TESTS If an employee drug test comes back positive, the employee will be notified by theclinics Medical Review Officer(MRO). TheMRO will review the test results with theemployee to determine alternative medicalexplanations for the positive test results.Employees with positive test results will beallowed 72 hours following notification oftheir positive test results to request a re-testof the original test sample by a governmentapproved testing facility. Any re-test will beat the employee’s expense and the employeewill be suspended without pay until theresults are received by Ampco System.If an employee asks for a re-test it will be performed on the “original split sample”ALSO REALIZE THAT REMOVAL FROM SAFETY-SENSITIVE DUTY AS REQUIRED BY THE DOT FOLLOWING A POSITIVE DRUG TEST IS NOT DELAYED TO AWAIT THE RESULT OF THE SPLIT SPECIMEN TEST.If the results of the re-test are negative, initial test results will be canceled and the employee will be fully reinstated with back pay. If a re-test is not requested within the designated 72 hour time period or if re-test results are positive, the employee will be subject to immediate termination.
21 Ampco System is committed to providing a safe, healthy work environment for all employee’s and reducing the potential for accidents and injuries. Maintaining high standards for job performance, attendance, quality customer service and the highest level of passenger safety is the standard that has made Ampco System a trademark in the industry.Ampco does not condone drug or alcohol abuse. It is the individual employee’s responsibility to maintain a satisfactory performance level and to acknowledge any substance or alcohol abuse related problem. The Company will assist any employee by helping to understand the problem and correcting it before it impairs performance and jeopardizes employment. Ampco System will assist in coordinating access of all applicable insurance related benefits for its covered employees. A request for assistance on a controlled substance or alcohol abuse problem will not be a substitute for, or modify, any disciplinary action as referenced in our drug policy for Commercial Driver’s and Safety-Sensitive employees.
22 REHABILITATIONAmpco System will not knowingly hire any person using illegal drugs or having a history of alcohol or drug dependency unless there is firm evidence of rehabilitation satisfactory to the Company. Department of Transportation Regulations regarding drug and alcohol abuse do no require the Company to provide rehabilitation benefits, hold an employee’s position open or pay an employee’s wages while the undergo treatment for drug and/or alcohol misuse.
23 The hazards of drug and alcohol misuse extend far beyond the individual user. Impaired employees endanger themselves, fellow employees and all people around them. Even moderate doses of drugs and/or alcohol can impair the judgment, coordination and reaction time needed to drive a vehicle. When combined, the effects can become deadly.
24 Those employee’s in safety-sensitive positions must realize that drug and alcohol abuse is a complex problem calling for specialized treatment. They must remain vigilant while performing their duties and intervene where they think a fellow employee may be endangering themselves, fellow employee’s or the general public.
25 SUMMARY Safety-sensitive employees, commercial driver employees, and/or applicants for these positions, asregulated by the DOT are subject to per-employment,random, probable cause and post accident drug testingas prescribed by the Omnibus Transportation Act andparts 653 and 654 of the FTA alcohol and controlledsubstances testing regulations. As prescribed safety-sensitive employees, commercial driver employees andor applicants to these positions may not:
26 Refuse to take a federally mandated drug and/or alcohol test Operate in a safety-sensitive capacity while under the influence of a controlled substance.Use alcohol while performing safety-sensitive functions.Report for or remain on duty performing a safety-sensitive function while having a breath alcohol concentration of 0.02 or greater.Perform safety-sensitive functions within eight hours of using alcohol.Use alcohol for eight hours following an accident or until the employee has taken a post-accident test.Attempt to tamper and/or adulterate a sample for drug testing.Violation of any specific item above will result in disciplinary action including suspension and/or termination.