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Unit 5: Tools and Equipment

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1 Unit 5: Tools and Equipment
Section 2: Safety, Tools and Equipment, and Shop Practices Unit 5: Tools and Equipment

2 Objectives After studying this chapter, you should be able to:
Describe hand tools used by the air-conditioning, heating, and refrigeration technician Describe equipment used to install and service air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration systems

3 General Hand Tools In general, it is a good idea to buy the best tools that you can afford Good hand tools will usually carry the guarantee of replacement if they are broken during regular use

4 General Hand Tools (cont’d.)
Screwdrivers include: Phillips tip Straight or slot blade Offset Several standard screwdriver bit types Examples: keystone, hex head, clutch head, square recess

5 General Hand Tools (cont’d.)
Wrenches Socket with ratchet handle Open end, box end, or combination Adjustable open end Ratchet box Pipe T-Handle hex keys

6 General Hand Tools (cont’d.)
Pliers General purpose Needle nose Side cutting Slip joint Locking

7 General Hand Tools (cont’d.)
Hammers Ball peen Soft head Carpenter’s claw Portable electric drill Cord type Cordless

8 Specialized Hand Tools
Assorted nut drivers Flare nut wrenches Air conditioning and refrigeration reversible ratchets Hex Box wrench

9 Specialized Hand Tools (cont’d.)
Inspection mirrors Stainless steel Glass telescoping Wire stripping and crimping tools Stapling tackler

10 Tubing Tools Tubing cutters Inner–outer reamers Deburring tools
Modern tubing cutter Large diameter tubing cutters Inner–outer reamers Deburring tools

11 Tubing Tools (cont’d.) Flaring tools: have a flaring bar, yoke, and a feed screw with a flaring cone Swaging tools Punch type Lever type Die type

12 Tubing Tools (cont’d.) Tubing brushes Tubing shears Pinch off tools
Metalworker’s hammer

13 Specialized Service and Installation Equipment
The gauge manifold One of the HVAC/R technician’s most important pieces of equipment Can read pressures on both the high- and low-pressure sides of the system Can read pressures below atmospheric on the low-pressure side of the system Can be of the two-valve or four-valve variety

14 Specialized Service and Installation Equipment (cont’d.)
Electronic thermistor vacuum gauge Measures the vacuum in a refrigeration system during the evacuation process Can measure a vacuum down to 50 microns or mm Hg 1,000 microns = 1 mm Hg As a vacuum is pulled on a system the micron level will drop

15 Specialized Service and Installation Equipment (cont’d.)
Vacuum pump Designed to remove air and noncondensable gases from an air-conditioning or refrigeration system

16 Refrigerant Leak Detectors
Halide leak detector Used with acetylene or propane gas The flame heats a copper disc Combustion air is drawn through a tube The open end of the tube is passed over fitting or piping When a leak is detected, the flame will change color (from blue to green)

17 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
Electronic leak detectors Contain refrigerant-sensitive elements Reacts to leaks with rapid beeping Additive used with a high-intensity ultraviolet lamp Pipes will glow at the point of the leak Ultrasonic leak detectors Detect the sound of escaping refrigerant

18 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
Other tools used in detection and repair Thermometers Fin straighteners Heat guns Hermetic tubing piercing valves Compressor oil charging pump Soldering and welding equipment

19 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
Other tools (cont’d.) Sling psychrometer Motorized psychrometer Nylon strap fastener Air velocity measuring instruments Air balancing meter Carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) indicators

20 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
Other tools (cont’d.) Combustion analyzer Combustible gas leak detector Draft gauge Volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) AC clamp-on ammeter Megohmmeter Digital electronic manometer

21 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
AC clamp-on ammeter Used to measure current flow Clamps around one conductor of the circuit The meter can also be used to measure voltage and resistance

22 Refrigerant Leak Detectors (cont’d.)
Volt-ohm-milliammeter (VOM) Often referred to as a multimeter Measures volts, ohms, and amps Come with a number of features, options, and accessories

23 Miscellaneous Tools and Equipment for Specialized Needs
Other tools: Schrader core remover and replacer Quick couples, low loss fittings and adapter hoses Capillary tube cutter Refrigerant recovery pliers Service wrench and adapters Hand held refractometer

24 Miscellaneous Tools and Equipment (cont’d.)
Fan blade puller Refrigerant tank heater Ice bucket Refrigerant tank transporter strap Liquid chargers Flare cut-off tool Thermal imaging gun

25 Summary Air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration technicians should be familiar with available hand tools and equipment Always use tools and equipment properly and for the jobs for which they were intended Improper tool usage can result in personal injury

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