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Health and Social Impact Assessment of the South East Queensland Regional Plan NSW HIA Colloquium Sydney, 9 December 2006 Kate Copeland, Director, Statewide Health Services Planning
Collaborators Consultant Queensland Health – Public Health Services and Statewide Health Services Planning Office of Urban Management Department of Communities Local Government Community/Social Planners Andrea Young Kate Copeland Shannon McKiernan Sophie Dwyer Shannon Rutherford Lisa Pollard Jacinta Sartori Nusch Herman Wil Brown Catherine Boorman John Brown
The South East Queensland Regional Plan 2005-2026 OVERVIEW
SEQ Regional Plan 2005-2026 The intent is to provide: a sustainable growth management strategy for SEQ to 2026 appropriate developable land to meet future population growth timely and cost-effective infrastructure and services sound urban development principles that support a compact, well-serviced and efficient urban form
Managing growth to 2026 Population: 2004 - 2,654,000 2026 - 3,709,000 increase - 1,055,000 50,000 extra people/year on average Housing - 575,000 new dwellings Employment - 425,000 new jobs Additional demands on land, environment and natural resources
Strategic directions of Final Plan Creating a more sustainable future Protecting and supporting regional landscape and rural production Enough land to accommodate future growth Promoting land use efficiency Enhancing the identity of regional communities Facilitating growth in the Western Corridor Supporting rural futures Providing timely infrastructure and services Integrating land use, transport and economic activity.
Background to the project Trials a combined Health and Social Impact Assessment as a methodology for considering regional planning process Triggered by release of draft South East Queensland Regional Plan in October 2004
HSIA – key learnings Development of a shared understanding of combined HSIA methodology among participants Involvement of a wide range of informants & knowledge holders Structured approach and successful application of the HSIA methodology Getting health on the “map” Dialogue between key players Responses to the plan Tools
HIA & SIA METHODOLOGIES COMPARED SCREENING: IS HIA/SIA NEEDED? HIA: HEALTH RISK APPRAISAL SIA: PREDICT IMPACTS - profiling/baseline conditions - evidence base/ social indicators SCOPING: INITIAL SCAN OF IMPACTS HIA: determinants of health SIA: indicators of social impacts HIA: RISK EVALUATION SIA: ASSESS SIGNIFICANCE MONITORING INITIATIVE/PROJECT DESCRIPTION HIA: RISK MANAGEMENT SIA: MITIGATION/ENHANCEMENT SIA: PROPOSE ALTERNATIVES
Determinants of health
Challenges and limitations Broad nature of policy and resulting analysis Reliance on existing research Data availability and gaps No community input Limited exploration of particular groups
Documented known relationships between health, wellbeing and environmental conditions Reviewed changes proposed in Regional Plan Reviewed existing social and health conditions in SEQ against relevant determinants Analysed likely impacts Developed tools and responses
What determinants did we investigate in the region? Population characteristics and groups Social and economic characteristics Lifestyle & behaviours Access to services Natural & built environment
What were the main impacts identified? Income, accessibility, housing, social connectedness and physical activity are critical Much depends on how it is implemented
Conclusions…directions… More consistent reporting of social and health data to support planning Greater capacity to integrate health and social considerations Improved leverage for social infrastructure funding & co-ordination Greater capacity for multi-disciplinary planning Greater capacity to integrate statutory and other planning processes
Priorities for inter-agency collaboration: Social infrastructure benchmarking, co-ordination and funding Capacity building Regional affordable housing & ageing strategies Matching jobs & population growth Specific projects (e.g. Ripley Valley, TOD Taskforce) Monitoring and reporting
Monitoring and research: Regional Health and Social Conditions Monitoring Project –Consistent indicators –Consistent geographic areas –Integrate existing data –Feed into SEQ State of the Environment report Research –Impacts of total water cycle management systems –Health status of urban Indigenous people –Impacts of medium/high density housing & neighbourhood design –Impacts of ageing in insecure housing
What are the tools and how can we use them? Raise the profile of health and wellbeing Develop a shared understanding of health and wellbeing Support improved planning and development decisions Support health and social planners in providing advice and making comment on planning processes and outcomes
TOOL: Summary Of Known Relationships Document Affordable Housing Social SupportEducation Employment WELLBEING Physical Activity Social ConnectednessIncomeAccess to services and jobs
TOOL: Existing Conditions in SEQ (Baseline report)
TOOL. SEQ Regional Plan - Impact Analysis Detailed assessment of Regional Plan’s proposals, rationale and evidence to support analysis Useful as resource for advice to Local Growth Management Strategies, Planning Schemes and impact assessment
TOOL: Guidance for planning instruments Provides information for preparing/responding to: Local Growth Management Strategies TOD Guidelines Greenfield Structure Plans Activity Centre Master Plan State Government Action Plan
TOOL: Guidance for Impact Assessment Guidance on assessing health and social impacts from the development of infrastructure proposals eg transport infrastructure
Next steps Release of report and tools Negotiate with stakeholders to progress key responses Planning for service delivery Evaluation Explore links with other projects
Thank you For further information please contact Queensland Health’s Health Services Planning Branch on (07) 3239 0922 Note: Guides and tools will be released in the near future to all Local Govt’s and key stakeholders in SEQ
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