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Chapter 13 Internet Retailing “A salesman is got to dream, boy. It comes with the territory.” ~Arthur Miller.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Internet Retailing “A salesman is got to dream, boy. It comes with the territory.” ~Arthur Miller."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 13 Internet Retailing “A salesman is got to dream, boy. It comes with the territory.” ~Arthur Miller

2 Growth of Online Retail Quarterly measurement of e-commerce added to U.S. retail activity in 1999 Grew from $5 billion in Q4 1999 to $23 billion in Q4 2005 Annual online retail exceeded $84 billion in 2005 Still, just 2.4 percent of all retail sales

3 Growth of Online Retail Online retail percentages vary greatly across product categories Key areas for retail sales: –Computer hardware and software –Tickets –Books Top categories involve digital products or information-rich purchases

4 Growth of Online Retail For Internet retailers, better performance has meant better results –Benefits of higher inventory productivity –Swift response to changes in customer demands and product transformations –Customer satisfaction generally higher

5 iPACE and Online Shopping Understanding basic consumer needs to find right approach for right channel: –Information –Price –Assortment –Convenience –Entertainment

6 iPACE and Online Shopping Information: Quality and features of a product, from initial consideration set through final purchase, shipping and returns

7 iPACE and Online Shopping Price: Draw of lower prices and ease of comparison, but consumers also engage in price partitioning – evaluating influence of taxes and shipping costs on bottom line

8 iPACE and Online Shopping Assortment: Greater variety and availability online, products are easier to configure and prices easier to adjust

9 iPACE and Online Shopping Convenience: Avoiding the hassle of traditional stores, easing repeat purchases

10 iPACE and Online Shopping Entertainment: The online thrills of eBay vs. the lost social aspect of shopping excursions with friends

11 Online Shopping Process The consumer shopping cycle

12 Online Shopping Process The consumer shopping cycle on a web site

13 Online Shopping Process Step One: Finding the right product –Influence of search and browsing to find right product in rapidly expanding Web marketplace –Helping shoppers narrow selection

14 Online Shopping Process Step Two: Acquiring information –Overcoming the physical limitations of online shopping –Product descriptions through images, zoom, ratings and reviews –Personalized information through virtual models and diagrams –Cross selling and solution selling opportunities

15 Online Shopping Process

16 Step Three: Evaluating alternatives –Two versions of the choice model Compensatory choice model compares products and services on all attributes Non-compensatory choice model compares products based on certain attributes, eliminates products without those key features –Shopping tools – such as a comparison matrix or assistant – reduce consumer effort; tools that screen products have strongest impact on consumer accuracy

17 Online Shopping Process Step Four: Placing the order –Many Internet shoppers fail to complete attempted purchases Poor information design, lack of transparency on ship costs –Efficient reordering and repeat purchase systems help track customers and hold marketing campaigns accountable

18 Online Shopping Process Step Five: Following up –Post-purchase notifications such as order confirmation, total price, shipping date and expected delivery date –Returns made simpler with prepaid return labels, merchandise pickup

19 Multi-Channel Retailing Understanding the hybrid customer (the shopping “centaur”) who is willing to shop online but buy at a traditional store, and visa versa –Customers who shop regularly in traditional stores are least likely to use multiple channels –Online and catalog shoppers more likely to use other channels for some purchases

20 Multi-Channel Retailing Shopper Classification Percent Purchasing in Channel OnlineStoreCatalog Online100%78%45% Store6%100%22% Catalog23%36%100% Customers from one channel who purchased in another

21 Multi-Channel Retailing Shopper Classification % Reporting a Purchase Influenced By OnlineStoreCatalog Online100%25%68% Store22%100%26% Catalog39%26%100% Buyers who purchased something in one channel previously seen in another channel

22 Multi-Channel Retailing Challenges for retailers working across online and traditional channels –Determining what products are sold in the store, online or through catalogs –Communications and logistics –Pricing discrepancies –Planning consistent promotional offerings –Rewarding the right seller: Does the credit go online or off?

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